Rural Development In India

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Overall development of country has been the cornerstone objective of Government of India since 1947:year of its independence. In the early years, major thrust for development was laid on core sectors like Agriculture, Education, Health, Industry, Communication and other Allied sectors but very soon it had become obvious to the Government that the all-round development of the country is not possible without focusing on the growth and development of the rural India where majority of its citizens dwell. With this wisdom in view, Panchayati Raj Institutions were introduced in 1992 under the 73rd Amendment Act of the Constitution of India. Rural Development in India inherently includes various steps and measures that strengthen the democratic…show more content…
Indian Government has taken varied steps in order to develop the rural India and has set up the Department of Rural Development under the aegis of Ministry of Rural Development for the implementation of the goals. Since its inception, the Department of Rural Development has launched many development schemes such as Gram Vikas Yojana ,Sampoorn Swachhta Abhiyan, , Farmer cum Livestock Market, Underground Drainage System Construction Scheme and so on. With the help of these programmes, Government aims to accomplish its dream a developed rural India. Nevertheless few loopholes are also apparent. Government of India has to overcome these challenges and many drawbacks in order to boost the growth of rural India.

A novel initiative: Ministry of Panchayati Raj

Many initiatives for sake of rural development have been taken by the Government of India. The Ministry of Rural Development has been set up with a goal to fulfill this purpose.. The Ministry acts as a nodal department for two international organizations namely, Afro-Asian Rural Development Organization (AARDO) and the Centre on Integrated Rural Development of Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP).
The Ministry has three Departments:
1. Department of Rural Development
2. Department of Land
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(3) Tenure of PRIs fixed at five years and, if dissolved earlier, fresh elections to be held within six months,
(4) Creation of a three-tier Panchayati Raj structure at the zila, block and village levels,
(5) The minimum age for contesting elections to PRIs to be 18 years,
(6) Reservation for women in panchayats (chairman and members) up to one-third seats,
(7) Reservation of seats for SC/ST in panchayats (chairman and members) in proportion to their population,
(8) Indirect elections to the post of chairman at the intermediate and apex tiers,
(9) All posts at all levels (with two exceptions) to be filled by direct elections, and
(10) Organisation of Gram Sabhas
Subjects enlisted in 11th Schedule

(1) Agriculture including agricultural extension.
(2) Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land consolidation and soil conser¬vation.
(3) Minor irrigation, water management and watershed

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