The crops can be affected by many different ways leading to a shortage of food. This can range from drought to poor farmers or weak agricultural country. The reasons for poor farmers are bad governance, terrible policies and mass corruption in the government . The poor farmers, who cannot afford a tractor, rent it which can cost them more money than buying a new one . There are however many farmers who still use old methods greatly reducing their crop output just because they find new machinery strange and unreliable.
This consists of people who live rural (country) and city areas. Citizens of rural areas are most likely to be negatively impacted by their location as they have less work and job opportunities. This results in a lower income, reducing the amount of health care options/services they can afford. Therefore, they will not receive the health care they need and can have a detrimental affect on their health. Also, people in rural and isolated areas struggle to travel to hospitals as they are too far away, leading them to relying on services such as the Royal Flying Doctors Service and medical advice over the phone/internet.
Population numbers were at an all-time high, so securing employment was difficult for many. If ones’ parents had money and/or family ties to money, one had several options, such as going into the family business (if one’s father was a blacksmith you could apprentice as a blacksmith beginning at a young age.) On the other hand, if ones’ parents were peasant farmers, they would most likely have little option other than working the farm along with the mass population, which came with poor pay and limited opportunities. However, the Black Death pandemic changed much of this system. With mass death, there were fewer and fewer peasant farmers, which lead to a limited supply of farm workers.
Food availability and food access are correlated with each other. There are two factors that affects the access of food; economic and physical access. Economic access involves food cost and affordability of food for the population while physical access is the availability of food . Undernourished people in developing countries with food available still suffer from chronic hunger as the low income family are not able to afford the food. In addition, the number of agriculture present in developing country is limited.
It is defined as having an immensely large amount of population in a country. Using Bangladesh as an example, it has one of the world’s highest population density with 1,147 persons per square kilometer. A large proportion of the workforce in Bangladesh is concentrated in a low-productivity manual farming which contributes to the lack of food production in the country and ends up contributing to the extreme level of poverty. Apart from overpopulation, changes in labor markets are also a cause of poverty. The number of better-paying jobs are declining while the demand for job opportunities are increasing significantly.
However, the high transportation costs made it difficult for the food to reach the people. Additionally, some farmers decided to let their produce rot in farms in a bid to increase demand and inflate prices. This made the condition even worse in many parts of the country. Written by a WPA worker from New Jersey, letter 96 mentions that the people were working, yet they were facing starvation. This particular letter shows that the pay check is always late and when it comes, it is barely enough to cover the debt the family has incurred, let alone buy food.
Also agriculture would be defected since poor people often have shortage in supplies. Poverty is a huge dilemma that had a lot of innocent people suffers from its consequences; therefore a lot of organizations got built to help in raising awareness of poverty in countries to inspire people to help prevent poverty. Poverty is not just about the lack of money but it is the lack of opportunities and the lack of access to essential resources, the lack of hope. There are various causes of poverty that affects our world; one of the causes is over population, hunger, natural disasters, agricultural cycle, corrupted leader and lack of education. Over population: Over population is when there are a high ratio of people in a country with few essential resources and little space.
The Gemeinschaft theory is based on human relations and having a clear concept of one’s position in the society. Rural community knows each other in detail and often have similar norms and values of life (Daley & Avant, 2013). In social exchange theory, it has been recognise that resources are scarce and limited in rural areas; and hence people often use barter system style of living in rural areas. It finds the people and increase interactions amongst the community (Mackie, 2012). The strength perspective recognises that in rural areas a group or an individual with strength in one area would benefit others in exchange with another group or an individual in another area.