WWI (1914-1918) was a disastrous conflict between two sides - the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. It resulted in the victory of the Allies. There were plenty of Central Powers weaknesses, the Schlieffen plan, weak allies of Germany and their hard economic situation at the end of the WWI. However, it was not only due to these weaknesses, Allied Powers had a few strengths, that made them won. The most important of these are : greater army, control of the sea and support of the USA since 1917, while Germany was already running out of supplies and soldiers.
American progressivism however, fell between the cracks and disappeared for a long while during and after the war. WWI was not necessarily a distraction from either imperialism or progressivism, but it did affect them substantially. The war began in Europe in 1914 when Germany and Austria-Hungary went to war with Britain, France, and Russia. Bulgaria sided with Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire and were known as the Central Powers because they formed a large block in the center of Europe. Britain, France, Russia, and the United States were known as the Allied powers which over time included twenty-seven nations.
Vincent Herschlein – October Revolution – 17th of March, 2015 The statement "The October Revolution (1917) resulted not from the actions of the Bolsheviks, but from the failure of the Provisional Government." is largely agreeable as the mishandling of military decisions, as well as the socio-political failures of the Provisional Government allowed the Bolsheviks to seize power. However, the October Revolution cannot be entirely attributed to the failures of the Provisional Government, as the Bolshevik’s strategic exploitation of the weaknesses of the Provisional Government also played an important role in the October Revolution. One of the key failures of the Provisional Government was the staying in WWI. After the Tsar had abdicated the Provisional Government made the decision to stay in WWI.
As a former Vice President, Secretary of Agriculture and Secretary of Commerce, Henry A. Wallace, a strong proponent of the New Deal and advocate of a more lenient Soviet Union policy which ultimately became controversial within the Democratic Party. Although Wallace’s criticism of President Harry S. Truman’s resulted in his dismissal, he nevertheless, actively voiced his criticisms during the Cold War. In “The Path to Peace with Russia,” Wallace criticized America’s foreign policy, while asking to judge the Soviet Union interests against those of the United States. Henry believed the United States involvement in the reconstruction of the Soviet Union could have helped the economies of both countries only if the mentality of international affairs could have been shifted. Wallace’s private letter, primarily to influence President Trumans’ thinking was achieved by creating a world where the United States was without their air bases, weapons and the atomic bomb and a Soviet Union who had “[created] a level of armed strength far exceeding anything in their previous history.” Wallace saw the events of George F. Kennan’s “Long Telegram,” Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech, and the series of nuclear tests in
It was a good excuse for them to join the war. Red tried to deal with uprising, but white had reasons that they needed war and win in the war. There are few reasons of victory of Red in Russia Civil war in 1918. The reasons include their specific goal, controlling of army, more systematic than White, and brilliant and great leader. One of the biggest reason of White’s defeat was they weren’t united as Red.
He gave bigger autonomy for Finland and Poland. What’s more, his reform from the beginning seem to be liberal but indeed there didn’t change anything radically. Even if they had some liberal elements it was minority. At the same time, he enforced both types of reform, which took effect that both conservatism and liberals were against him. Son of Nicholas I saw the Russian difficulties and he wanted to improve Russia functioning, however he had any intention in limitation of his power.
Many people say that World War I was one of the bloodiest conflicts that the world had ever seen. There are many reasons why people think this and one of them is due to the innovations in military during the late 1800´s. The world powers had expected a short war, but that was not the case. The immediate cause of World War I was the assassination of archduke of Austria-Hungary, Franz Ferdinand. But this was not the only cause of the First World War.
Witte understood the wretched and hostile conditions that plagued Russia. There was agricultural inefficiency, incompetence and backwardness on a grand scale, manufacturing output was one of the lowest in Europe, and poor transport and communication inefficiency halted any growth in the economy. Witte knew that industrialization was vital for any progress, and so under Nicholas ll’s reign he came up with a number of reforms such as protective tariffs from foreign goods, foreign investment etc and also managed to put the Russian currency on the gold standard so it could be traded. However his ignorance of the seriousness of the dire grinding poverty caused a great amount of opposition towards the Tsar, thus though successful in modernizing Russia, he failed to appease the majority of the population (90% peasant population) thus the road to revolution and change became all the more
Sir Winston Churchill was of the viewpoint that the free people of the world shall not be forced to live in a way they don’t like. He was in the favor of the democracy and the practice of democracy in the whole world not only in Eastern Europe or Western Europe. He wanted and highlighted that the Communist Soviet Union now Russia may take over the democratic Europe and force people to live in a communist society. Although the points highlighted by Winston Churchill arouse resentment among Russians it helped the world from a communist superpower. This also led to a cold war in the world among the two allies who were struggling for power but it also helped the democratic free people to live a free democratic
Moreover, the middle-class did not like socialism and communism, making Fascism very compelling. The Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to pay for damages to France and Great Britain. Additionally, Germany’s economy collapsed as the Great Depression settled in. When Hitler declared World War II, the rich business owners would side with him because it would profit them the most. Despite withdrawing from the war early, Russia suffered severely due to
Yes, I agree with you. The Soviet Union and America 's relationship during World War II was out of mutual convince. After the war, America wasn 't interested in sole carrying the financial burdens of rebuilding Europe, so they needed the Soviet 's help even though it pained them since they didn 't share the same political beliefs. Americans were in a difficult spot because they did not want a repeat of past (post World War I) financial misgivings. Europe and America faced huge financial burdens from World War I which left Europe crippled and lead to the great depression which fueled World War II.
It is extremely difficult to decide if he was a reformer or a tyrant once you have learned about all of the political, military, social, and economic effects his reign had on Russia. There were so many events that were devastating, like the imprisonment of the patriarch and the overall fear and paranoia instilled in the people of Russia. But, there were many positive reforms too, like the writing of the law (sudebnick) and the first nationwide representative meeting (zemsky sobor). Ivan’s ideas are fundamental in theory, and while they did not deem successful at the time, were recycled and perfected by later rulers. The significance of Ivan’s rule is extremely complex in nature, and cannot be written off as a complete failure without taking into account all of the many impacts he had on ruling Russia.
Khrushchev was pushed to this by his political opposition Malenkov, therefore opposition is a more important factor than the individual in de-Stalinization. The “Thaw” Krushchev implemented was also due to the Cold War and the need to improve the Soviet image to avoid conflict with the West, therefore war was a driving factor. Overall, strong individuals were key, but the backward economy was the reason they forced the largest changes, therefore was the most important