When looking at the periods of dance it can be separated into Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Pre-Romantic, Romantic, Russian Classic, and Ballet Russes before we reach the Twentieth Century. Ballet began during what is known as the Italian Renaissance, and permeated French culture by Catherine de Medici’s marriage to the King of France. The very first endorsed “ballet”, Le Ballet Comique de la Reine performed on October 15, 1581, marked the beginning of theatrical and technical dance performances. During this time our first prominent ballet masters came about, including; Balthasar Beaujoyeaux, Pierre Beauchamp, Domenico of Ferrara, and Guglielmo Ebreo, to name a few. These early ballet masters created and built upon social dance and turned it into a technical spectacle.
Pavlova is known most famously for her role as The Dying Swan, choreographed by Micheal Fokine, which she debuted in 1905. This became her signature role; to this day it is hard to mention the role without speaking of Pavlova as well. She joined the Ballet Russe on tour in 1909 and toured through Europe and Australia with the Ballet before forming her own company in 1911, of which she named her husband, Victor Dandre, manager. Anna Pavlova changed the face of ballet across the world. She was told at a young age that she did not have the body shape or the strength to become a ballerina yet, she persisted and through her influence the ballet world adopted her style as the new standard.
It was in 1681 that King Louis XIV finally allowed women to perform in his theatre, the Palais Royale in Paris, though their heavier wardrobe limited their movement range and technique as compared to men performing in those days. While the men of the late Renaissance became obsessed with correct teaching of dance and being the one in charge, “women began to assume the roles of stars- glamorous brilliant dancers who won the acclaim of growing audiences” (History, 76). These talented women included Marie Anne de Camargo, Marie Salle, and Francoise Prevost. This was the rise of the ballerina, and these women originated many roles such as the lead in Pygmalion and The Love of Mars and Venus, and also became famous among the aristocracy and wealthy bourgeois, who showered the starlets with jewels and large sums of money. Marie Anne de Camargo though, is known to be the most reputable and outstanding dancer of the 18th century.
Modern Dance is defined as being a dance style that focuses on a dancer's interpretation as opposed to the structured steps of Ballet. It was developed in the early twentieth century, primarily in Germany and the United States. The dance style was a rebellion against the rigid formalism of Ballet. The pioneers of the dance style were Isadora Duncan, Loie Fuller, and Ruth St. Denis in the United States, Rudolf von Laban and Mary Wigman. Modern dance is known for its nature-like and free flowing movement.
The world has always had dance. Whether it be as a form of worship, recreation, work or ritual, people have used movement to express their values and beliefs since the beginning of time. Throughout the years, dance has changed and grown and and taken on many forms of art as different choreographers bring their innovation and creativity to the table. I will be discussing two very different dances that have completely changed modern American dance. Martha Graham’s Lamentation, and George Balanchine’s Serenade.
He brought the collaborators together and was responsible for the production of Le Sacre. The process that led up to the actualization of Le Sacre was a combined effort involving, Vaslav Nijinsky, Igor Stravinsky and Nicholas Roerich. For the purpose of this argument I will focus particularly on the innovative aspects of the choreography and its relationship with the score and the libretto by Stravinsky as well as the design, costume and research done by Roerich that influenced the
There are various modern dance styles, each with their own principals and creators. Modern dance pioneers, specifically Martha Graham, Erick Hawkins, and Lester Horton, have contributed to the modern dance world through their artistic styles, technique, and who they influenced. American dancer, teacher, and choreographer, Martha Graham is considered
The muse behind these choreographers came from philosophers and the time period in which they lived. Balanchine followed the ideologies of greek philosophers and often quoted them to the best he could remember. Similarly, Forsythe followed philosophers like Foucault's “space of otherness” to create the mentality of analysing how dancers shapes are formed. The rejection of the ballet hierarchy was formed under Balanchine’s philosophy of the Black and White Heaven. Black and White Heaven reinvented the idea of a lead dancer.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is a famous Russian composer that has written many well known works. He has written some of the world's greatest classical and romantic melodies and has written some of the world's famous ballet music. His three most famous ballets include Swan Lake, The Nutcracker, and The Sleeping Beauty. Born on May 7th, 1840 in Votkinsk Russia, the composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky became a musician at an early age. At age four he was already loving music.
At this point of the war families longed for their son, husbands and fathers to be brought back to the United States and the American government began to lose the support that it once had for this war as pictures, videos and letters started to come out and show what was truly happening overseas. The start of the movie progresses and shows how both the director and choreographer felt about the events happening in the world. The dance is set in the beginning of Milos Forman’s movie, Hair (1979), with the illegal burning of draft papers in Central Park by some of the dancers. The dancers then led by the live sung lyrics with statements like, “harmony and understanding,” and “the minds true liberation”2nd footnote, begin to perform. With the combination of dancers of different races dancing together, free expression clothing styles and a vast amount of body contact shows the harmony and liberation felt during that time through expressionism dancing.