While Lenin was not the father of communism but did bring communism to Russia. Karl Marx was the original father of communism but while Lenin was in prison he planned how to bring communism to Russia. “I have a plan that has occupied my mind ever since I was arrested, and the more I think of it the more interested I become. I have long been engaged on a certain economic problem (on the sale of manufactured goods on the home market). I had gathered some literature on the subject, drawn up a plan of operations, and had even written something, expecting to publish as a book” -Lenin.
Khrushchev’s “de-Stalinization” and its impact After the death of Josef Stalin, a huge void is left in the country. But even after his death, his ideologies have been fought over and over during the last days of Soviet Unions. After Nikita Khrushchev came to power, he openly attacked Stalinism and its harm to the country, which eventually leads to more debates on Stalinism and movements in “de-Stalinization” around the countries. The fighting over ideologies eventually exhausts Soviet people and the authority of its government, which leads to the distrust from the average people and fore-shadows the union’s fall.
Stalin is known as one of the most brutal and unforgiving dictators of all time with people estimating that during his time in power he killed about 50 million people. But for some reason the people of Russia believed that he was amazing and incorruptible. So how did Stalin cultivate this image. Stalin made sure that images of him were everywhere.
This is mostly because leaders abuse the power they gain. All these things combined have caused communism and its ideas to have a bad reputation. Prominently, countries that follow communism always fall. In the past 200 years that communism
While the British had control over India they often used it against the people of India instead of helping them. Eventually after a while the British laid down railroad tracks and bridges but only to export India’s natural resources. Meanwhile the health and life expectancies were improving dramatically the education rate was not. While the British originally thought they were helping India they weren’t as successful as they planned. When the British army was ordered to fire at the Indian people at Amritsar they killed hundreds of people causing even more conflict.
The conflict led to extreme amounts of casualties, a severe food shortage throughout the nation, and increased inflation. These effects of the war ultimately led to the army turning against the tsar, the public's dissatisfaction with the quality of life in Russia and widespread suffering would ultimately lead to rebellion. This uprising would eventually lead to the Tsar abdicating power and would be known as the February revolution. This revolution would create a provisional government. The new government was weak and with a large and a growing support base the Bolsheviks began taking positions in the government.
However, economically, Lenin’s War Communism was extremely significant as well. War communism was created as Lenin needed to keep his civil war soldiers supplied but keeping the front supplied as well as the cities wasn’t as easy as it could seem. He had to go to great lengths. The state took control of industry and were in charge of the production of the factories in the cities while in the country side Lenin sent the Cheka (his secret police) to force the peasants to give out their surplus grain and the peasants hoarding the grain would be severely punished by the Cheka. Some peasants decided to produce less as it would be taken from them anyway.
One such poor decision that would, in due course, result in revolution, was to retain an autocratic regime in Russia. At the time, Russia was, in fact, one of the few remaining autocracies in the world, which only demonstrated the country’s failure to reform and move with the times. Democracy was becoming more apparent in other countries throughout the world, but Russia’s autocratic regime “granted the population no voice in government and strictly punished any expressions against the status quo” (Pipes, 18). The result of continued autocratic rule was contempt for the Tsar and Russian monarchy.
This made the peasants upset and angry. With the anger built up, a revolution started and the provisional government forced Tsar Nicholas II to abdicate The Bolsheviks were unhappy with the Tsar as they did not like the way he ruled Russia and soon after they promised the peasants food and shelter and won their hearts over. They the murdered the Tsar and his family in a basement.
After 1938, Republicans took over the Senate, and FDR was not able to get any more New Deal legislation through. State governments opposed the New Deal, saying that the Federal government was taking their powers. The supreme court ruled that the NRA codes of employers’ conduct, and the AAA programmer were illegal because they took away the States powers. Because of this in 1937, FDR had threatened to force old Supreme Court judges to retire and to create new ones the crisis was averted when the Supreme Court reversed its decisions.
Stalin vs. Mussolini During the 1930s and 1940s, two leaders by the name of Joseph Stalin and Benito Mussolini were in control of the Soviet Union and Italy. Stalin and Mussolini were very similar, but yet so different. Stalin was born on December 18, 1879, and eventually changed his name from Losif Dzhugashvili to Joseph Stalin.
Post WWl, Russia was still not industrialized, suffering economically and politically and in no doubt in need of a leader after Lenin’s death. “His successor, Joseph Stalin, a ruthless dictator, seized power and turned Russia into a totalitarian state where the government controls all aspects of private and public life.” Stalin showed these traits by using methods of enforcement, state control of individuals and state control of society. The journey of Stalin begins now.