Pharmaceutical drug overdoses were recorded as one of the leading causes of death in the United States, killing more Americans than firearms or motor vehicle accidents (Prescription Drug Abuse Statistics, 2013). Many patients are being prescribed these medications after surgery or after suffering an injury that may not require surgery and through overuse, causing these patients to become addicted. Although many feel that doctors are still overprescribing narcotics, this epidemic of prescription drug abuse has been brought to the forefront of national consciousness causing many prevention strategies of abuse to be put in place, strategies that were not presented in the past. The hope for these strategies is to curb the amount of unnecessary prescriptions being prescribed. Some of these strategies include educating and training physicians and doctors in the diagnosis and treatment of addictive diseases, specifically the abuse and misuse of controlled prescription drugs, as well as the implementation of the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP),
In “How About Low-Cost Drugs for Addicts?” (1995), Louis Nizer argues that drug addiction is a serious problem and we are losing the ability to gain control over drug addiction. Nizer suggests the government should create clinics that provide drugs free or at nominal cost and be staffed by psychiatrists. The benefits of the new approach will push the mob to lose the main source of its income, the drug dealers will run out of business, and the police or other law enforcement authorities would be freed to take care of other crimes. Nizer also believes that free drugs will win the war against domestic terrorism caused by addicts. On the other hand, Nizer provides some of the opposing arguments that providing free drugs would consign a person to
Opioids have been a troubling problem in the United States for many years. In the recent past, since the yearly 2000’s, opioid overdoses have been on a steady incline. With heroin becoming the drug of choice in many cities across the country, overdoses relating to heroin are on the rise. Many states and cities are attempting to reverse the epidemic. Making naloxone, an overdose reversal drug, readily available for emergency responders or even those individuals overdosing, could cause a decrease in overdose related fatalities.
The prevalence of opioid drug-related overdose has risen progressively over the past two decades becoming one of the leading causes of death in the United States. According to Center for Disease Control, drug overdoses accounted for 52,404 U.S. deaths, including 33,091 (63.1%) that involved an opioid in 2015 (Rudd, Seth, David & Scholl, 2016). To date, the numbers are continuously snowballing and it has been a major factor in the burgeoning costs of healthcare in the United States. In fact, the economic burden of opioid abuse cost the nation a staggering amount of $78.5 billion a year, taking into account the costs of healthcare, lost productivity, addiction treatment, and even goes beyond issue of criminal justice (Florence, Zhou, Luo &
The main issue when it comes to drugs in the United States is the inefficient policies and sentencing laws that have been created. Also, the injustices within these policies pertaining primarily to race. Once the “war on drugs” was claimed the only way the government and law enforcement saw fit to handling this skyrocketing issue was to incarcerate offenders. Although this solution worked for a while, other alternatives needed to be made. However, these alternatives were not made and this left the drug policies, sentencing laws, and injustices at a standstill.
Over the past few years, the addiction of heroin has increased due to varieties of reason in different communities across the United States. The majority of media attention is focused on suburban, white, middle-class heroin abusers, meaning that the majority of America’s effort and resources to end the Heroin Epidemic is mainly for the White Community. Resulting in a dramatic increase of deaths caused from Heroin overdose in the minority communities in the past seven years. In the article, “How the Heroin Epidemic Differs in Communities of Color” by Sarah Childress, mentions how certain minority communities lack medical access for Heroin overdose (e.g. Naloxone) and knowledge of laws to protect the drug users from incarceration, Maryland’s
The “How Bad is the Opioid Epidemic?” is shock people into worrying about the addiction epidemic America is facing. The “Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide (Third Edition)” is to let people understand more about addictions and how addictions could be considered as a disease. Even though both resources are about addictions, “How Bad is the Opioid Epidemic?” plays on the human emotion of fear, anger, and disgust; and “Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide (Third Edition)” plays on the human emotion of sadness and anticipation. For the most part, “How Bad is the Opioid Epidemic?” by Dan Nolan and Chris Amico and “Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide (Third Edition)” by Nora D. Volkow, M.D follows the McCloud’s chapter 7
Although there are very effective treatments with high indices of effectiveness to help the patient to get out of the addiction, the truth is that there are few places where patients can get this treatment. Without a shadow of doubt the opioids crisis is a serious and impactful problem to the United States of America, one that if is not addressed and understood correctly would not be resolved anytime
“Treating Drug Abuse and Addiction in the Criminal Justice System: Improving Public Health and Safety.” JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 14 Jan. 2009, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2681083/. Chung, Susana Y. "Prison Overcrowding: Standards in Determining Eighth Amendment Violations. " vol. 68, no. 6, 2000, pp. 2531-2400. Fordham Law Review.
In the United States and around the world there is an epidemic involving drug addiction. Also, we are facing a growing problem revolving around prison overcrowding, due to inmates that have committed drug related crimes, or offences while under the influence. There is a solution that would help society and lessen overcrowding, and that’s to help those that are committing crimes due to an addiction disorder. By providing treatment for offenders; we can help the growing population, reduce recidivism, and equip them with the skills they need for successful reentry and life of recovery.
According to the article “Opioid Abuse and Addiction,” the number of individuals abusing prescription narcotics increased from “7.8 million in 1992 to 15.1 million in 2003” (Gupta and Christo 132). Abuse is defined as the use of a prescription narcotic without having a legal prescription for that narcotic or failure to take the narcotic as directed by the prescribing physician. Most prescription narcotic addicts do not begin their addiction by buying illegal pharmaceuticals
The use of narcotics in America is on a steady rise, Opioids such as Heroin being the deadliest. It’s categorized as a “Schedule 1,” meaning a high potential for abuse, along with severe psychological and physical dependence. Before the Twentieth Century, Heroin was actually widely available and marketed by Bayer, and Aspirin Company. This deadly substance can be injected, snorted, or smoked.
Arrest Process (Kevin Michael O’Brian) One of the biggest and most strenuous problems our society faces today is the use and abuse of narcotics. Not only is this an epidemic, but it is one of the hardest things to prevent and regulate. The data shows that not only does drug use result in crime, but a staggering 17% of all state prisoners admitted to committing their crime to obtain drugs. You can see why this is a huge issue in today’s society. Not only are people stealing from their own family members in order to feed their addiction, but they are also wasting tax payer’s money by constantly sitting in prison for committing said crimes.
As heroin use escalated in New York City during the late 1960’s, public officials were scrambling to find ways to deal with the rampant crisis. The city felt a sense of obligation to help those addicted to heroin as well as the victims of crime related to the growing epidemic. Some estimates put the number of heroin addicts at almost 100,000. Gordon Chase, a health services administrator who took office in 1969, believed that not enough was being done to combat the problem.
Gaining Insight Into The Northeastern United States Heroin Epidemic In 2014, the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) found around 10,574 Americans died due to heroin-related overdoses. This number is a triple of the number of deaths related to the drug during 2010. The increase comes because of higher demand for heroin and the drug becoming increasingly available throughout the United States. Yet, a certain segment of the United States has become victim to the drug itself: the northeastern United States.