1994 Rwanda Genocide

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Section A: Plan of investigation (168 words)

How successful have post-genocide efforts at reconciliation been in Rwanda?

The 1994 Rwandan genocide had left nearly one million people dead. Inevitably, after such extreme violence, coming to terms with the past is emotionally scarring and becomes a major challenge for a society like Rwanda to reconcile.

The aim of this investigation is to find out how successful these post-genocide efforts have been in reconciling the Tutsis and the Hutus. This investigation will emphasise on one type of reconciliation effort - the Gacaca. This research focuses on the role of the Gacaca courts, the perceptions of different divisions of people towards the Gacaca courts and how these efforts have been significant
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The purpose of the thesis paper is to describe how the Gacaca functions and to illustrate the effectiveness of reconciliation through the effects resulting from the Gacaca. The value of this source lies in its unbiased stand about the reconciliation efforts in Rwanda. It does not dwell into the investigation of which party is to blame but rather how the Gacaca has impacted the lives of survivors. it is also valuable in the sense that it is transparent in measuring the success of the Gacaca - through the adopted concept of reconciliation. Its limitation lies in its origin. Since this source was published in 2005, only 4 years after the implementation of the Gacaca, the findings that the research was based on can be seen as an impartial view. Reconciliation is a long and slow process and hence takes generations before any major progress is able to take place. Therefore, it lacks reliability as the results and conclusion portrayed in this thesis paper is only based on the initial phase of the…show more content…
Tutsi people regard the Hutus who have been released from the Gacaca Courts, despite carrying out the decided punishment, as being “killers”. Thus, from a justice point of view, the reconciliation efforts are unsuccessful. This feeling of betrayal by the justice system also fosters a sense of paranoia in the Tutsi community as they will not know if the Hutu community will strike again. This ultimately affects the peace and healing process in Rwanda as victims cannot forget the crimes committed against
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