Such discrimination has even resulted in policies of ethnical cleansing and genocide. Genocide is the organised killing of a people for the express purpose of putting an end to their collective existence. That is, to wipe a certain category of people out as if they never existed. An example of this is the Armenian Genocide, the first genocide of the 20th century. It represents a major tragedy of the modern age, in which almost an entire nation was destroyed.
There were an estimated 200,000 people who were killed between 1992-1995 in a genocide commited by the Serbs against the Muslims, and Croats in Bosnia. On top of this, another 2 million Bosnians were displaced from their homes and placed in dangerous environments. Three main groups fought each other within the country, Bosnian Muslims, Serbs, and also the Croats. This was a horrible and important genocide that killed thousands of people between 1992-1995. Like the Nazi’s cleansing Europe of it’s Jews, the Serbs aim was the ethnic cleansing of any Muslims or Croatian presence in Serbian territory.
Millions and millions of innocent people were massacred for, what appears to be, nothing. The Rwandan genocide is one the most memorable and savage. One million faultless Rwandans slaughtered, like animals, in one hundred days. The Hutu-government of Rwanda was lead by the ruthless , Jean-Paul Akayesu. They declared war on the Tutsis.
The extermination of about six million Jewish citizens under the power of Adolf Hitler, gave a glimpse of our capacity to create destruction. Just under 100 years later, during a 100-day span in 1994, Rwanda's Hutu government killed an estimated 1 million Tutsis, wiping out more than one-third of Rwanda’s population. Continuing into the 2010s, the cruel acts taken upon the civilians compare notably to the acts taken upon the Jews. As stated by Edmund Burke, “Those who don't know history are doomed to repeat it.” This brilliant quote represents that without proper interpretation, history will forever be in a
During its time of work in Arusha Tanzania, the international criminal tribunal for Rwanda has indicated 93 individuals that are considered to have committed serious violation of the humanitarian international law in 1994 Rwandan genocide. These individuals include high-ranking military and government officials, politicians, businessmen, as well as religious, militia, and media leaders. Some of the landmarks issued by the tribunal include the conviction of Rwanda’s former mayor Jean-paul Akayesu in 1998, where he was convicted of nine counts of genocide and crimes against humanity. During this judgement by the international court, it was the first time for the court to conclude that rape and sexxual assults are composed acts of genocide as they were committed with the intent to destroy the targeted group. Another tribunal by the international criminal tribunal for Rwanda the conviction of the prime minister during the genocide, Jean Kambanda, he was imprisoned to life in 1998 and this was also the first time for a head of the government to be convicted for the crime of
The term genocide was first formulated by Raphael Lemkin which he constructed from the Greek word 'genos', meaning 'race' or 'tribe' and the word 'cide' meaning 'to kill’. Lemkin describes genocide as "the destruction of a nation or of an ethnic group", with a coordinated plan to exterminate that specific group on the simple basis of culture, religion, ethnicity, or racial discrepancies. The term Genocide was only brought into existence in 1944 by Raphael, and was turned into international law December 9th, 1948. The following events depict terrible atrocities that countries have committed, whether it was to escape persecution or to attack the enemy, these were acts that leave a lasting impression on people. The Bosnian genocide refers to
The Injustice of Partial Justice: the Impunity Gap in Rwanda On the 6th of April in 1994, Rwanda stood at the outset of a genocide that, in three short months, would kill over half a million people. By July, roughly three-quarters of the entire Tutsi minority and thousands of moderate Hutu’s had been exterminated. In response, on the 8th of November, that same year, the Security Council established an international tribunal with the purpose to prosecute individuals responsible for “[g]enocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda, or by Rwandans in neighboring countries, between the 1st of January 1994 and 31st of December 1994” (Goldstone & Smith, 2009 p.99). Since trials began
During 1991-1995, war raged on between Yugoslavia and Croatia. Croatia filed a lawsuit in 1991 against Serbia for committing genocide against, which was a remnant of Yugoslavia along with Montenegro. The lawsuit was filed in the highest UN court, The International Court of Justice, where the hearings took place for Croatia’s claim that Serbia committed genocide towards Croatians and also Serbia’s counterclaim that Croatia committed genocide against its own citizens. Both lawsuits were dismissed because there wasn 't sufficient evidence to prove that they committed genocide. There needs to be a specific intent that they in fact did commit genocide, also genocide is a severe crime to prove in the International Court of Justice.The
It is with no doubt that the grudge is still evident. There prevails a wide separation of human relations. Such that many scholars worldwide, including the author of this paper, have tried to research and analyse on the Rwandan genocide and know what really happened to mankind at this dark moments.The difficulty of accepting the cause of the war, its outcome and the challenges associated to it are the major interests of the author of this
This will be seen as a total declaration of war on the innocent peoples of the areas and self-help methods including revenge killings will be uncontrollably entrenched. If the Federal Government has failed woefully in taming pockets of group crimes, it will be a near impossibility for it to control such “war by all against all”. With recent happenings across the country, it may most likely be correct to say that Nigeria is nearing “a Rwandan Genocide” episode, considering the ongoing tension in the land. Nigeria should indeed be wary of the grave and detrimental effect of ethnocentric tendencies vis-à-vis the atrocity and barbarity that occurred 20 years ago in