It is because of the colonies exploitation and classification of the Rwandan people into“an ethnic group” that the conflict seemed to come to a head. It wasn’t until Rwanda got independence in 1962 that this conflict escalated into violence and ultimately genocide. Rwanda’s population is made up of three ethnic groups the majority being Hutus which holds 85% of the populations, Tutsis 14% and the Twa 1%. The conflict of territory exists between the Hutus and the Tutsis whom both
Eventually the United States had a policy on Indian removal. The Native Americans were forced to travel to the east of Mississippi. This trip was brutal on them and it took a lot of lives. The Native Americans went through several wars and massacres in order to try and save their land which ended up taking a lot of Native Americans lives. Some of the following wars were Pequot War, King Phillips War, Pueblo Revolt, French and Indian War, Pontiac’s Conspiracy, Battle of Tippecanoe and First Seminole War.
Clannishness is a major factor in Somalia’s political system, their culture and everyday life. To understand Somali politics, one must also understand how clanship operates in Somali’s society. After colonisation, it was attempted to be eradicated by Somali nationalists. Additionally, it was one of the key factors in the lead up to the Somali Civil War which broke out in 1991.Clannishness can be defined as a means ‘used to describe members of a group of people or society who are friendly to each other, but not to people outside the group’. However, in Somalia, clanship is hierarchical and has caused conflict and violence.
As a result, Tutsi supremacy remained, even though these measures did industrialize Rwanda. Also in the 1930s, the Belgians introduced identity cards labeling individuals as either Tutsi or Hutu. These identity cards prevented any further movement between the classes, and directly undermined the ubuhake system, in which privileged, hard working Hutus could become Tutsis, and less hard working and well off Tutsis could be lowered to the rank of a Hutu (Melson, “Modern Genocide in
Belgian occupied Africa in 1994 favouring the Tutsis over the Hutus giving them more privileges . Both of these groups developed a sense of nationalism, feeling victimized by one another, this sense of nationalism led to Ultranationalism among these groups causing tension among the groups. Extreme forms of Hutu nationalism fueled by propaganda led to a 100-day bloodbath in which caused mass casualties between these groups. Stirred feeling of nationalism in hopes of a better future increased tensions between these two groups leading to genocide. Ultranationalistic leaders used pride and devotion on one’s country as justification for the actions and racist
He also includes multiple chapters in the midst of those giving more background information and a deeper understanding of the destruction brought by Europeans. Generally, there is a repetition among all of the regions that have descriptions of each of the tragedies that took place to those Indians. The Northeast, separated into part one and two, covered the disappearance of east coast tribes and their deep rooted ties into the Northeast Woodland area. He uses tribes like the Algonquian and gives examples of their lives and how european trade and need for material items affected them. Part two of the Northeast covers the death and destruction those europeans caused with diseases, where 90% of the population died in some instances.
President Andrew Jackson had over 20,000 Native Americans removed from their homeland. The removals began in 1838 and ended in 1839. The journey, now known as The Trail of Tears, to Oklahoma was dangerous, deadly, and many died along the way. The removals were part of President Andrew Jackson 's Indian removal policy. The removal act was passed by Jackson in 1830 and forced about 20,000 Native Americans out of there home land.
THE RWANDAN GENOCIDE. Genocides which refers to the deliberate killing of a large group of people, on the basis of their ethnic group, is one of the evil practice that have been taking place in some parts of the world. In 1994, Rwanda which is a small country located in the central region of Africa, experienced genocide which killed about one million of people, others were left injured whereas others were forced to be refugees. There are many factors that contributed to genocide, and these includes ethnical or tribal hatred, failure of the ruling government and the inequality treatment of the Hutus and Tutsis. Thus, in this essay I will outline how these factors led to genocide and what efforts were made to bring about peace
They achieve this through different contexts and experiences but the similar idea that all colonialism leads to the destruction of a civilisation in which the natives continue to carry the marks of history. Sometimes in April portrays the ongoing destructive presence of colonisation in Rwanda through challenging and expanding on the colonial narratives of racial superiority and identity. For centuries before the colonisation of Rwanda, its natives were all united and shared the same land, culture, religion. However Belgium colonisers imposed racial classification and exploitation between the two dominant tribes; Tutsis and Hutus. Hutus were treated as slaves which created deep resentment that fuelled the Rwandan genocide (United Nations, 2018).
Chinua Achebe said, “When the British came to Ibo land, for instance, at the beginning of the 20th century, and defeated the men in pitched battles in different places, and set up their administrators, the men surrendered. And it was the women who led the first revolt.” With the rise of industrialization, Europe experienced major problems such as poverty and homelessness. This led to an increase in colonization as people sought economic opportunities (Iweriebor, “The Colonization of Africa”). The nineteenth century was a period of profound revolutionary changes in the political geography of Africa, characterized by the demise of old African kingdoms and empires and their reconfiguration into different political entities (Iweriebor, “The Colonization