Saadat Hassan Manto Analysis

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Good Afternoon All! Today I am here in front of you to present my individual oral presentation on “National and Cultural Identity”. I will be taking help of the two texts, Bitter Fruit by Saadat Hassan Manto and The Imam and The Indian by Amitav Ghosh. Before I move on with my presentation, let us all know who Saadat Hassan Manto and Amitav Ghosh were. Saadat Hassan Manto, a Pakistani short story writer in Urdu, was born in 1912 in India. He is best known for his stories about the partition of India. His stories have been translated in many different languages including English and Spanish. Due to his literary works, he was tried for obscenity six times. Some of his stories like ‘Khol Do’ (Open it OR the Return) and ‘Thanda Ghosht’ (Cold Meat OR Colder than Ice) has inspired many of progressive…show more content…
The fact that the people in the village believe that burning of dead or cremation is conservative and orthodox shows a conflict in cultures of the narrator and the imam of the village. Rather, Ghosh was pulled into an argument by the imam about the orthodox culture of India. To win the argument, Imam had to give up his identity. Now, as I had mentioned that Ghosh uses language to give an identity to his characters. Imam’s language should have been like ‘You should do this or that because it is right or wrong or because God wills it to be so’ but when he wants to win the argument, he says ‘you ought not to do this because otherwise you will not have guns and tanks and bombs’. So, we clearly see how Ghosh has used language to form an identity for his characters. If Imam had been talking to someone of his village, he would have spoken in terms of God or right or wrong, but with Ghosh as an outsider, he uses the Universal Language of knowledge and technology. We must realize that the as we encounter new cultures, we end up putting our identity in

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