The components of proximate cause are cause in fact and foreseeability. Both of these elements must be established in order for liability to attach. These elements cannot be established by mere conjecture, guess, or speculation. Plaintiff has provided no evidence to establish causation as a matter of law. The test for cause in fact is whether the alleged negligence was a substantial factor in bring about the injury and without such injury the harm would not have occurred.
Cases like the above are made possible an account of crime labs that lack any unified set of compulsory standards. Based on the crime lab, this generates a quality control matter. The crime lab accreditation process which suggests reviews, testing, and audits is, voluntary, in addition, a charitable endowment. Furthermore, numerous states do not demand their crime labs to be accredited. Those labs that do seek out accreditation do so through the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors/Laboratory Accreditation Board (ASCLD/LAB), the primary certifying body for crime labs.
There are a significant number of people tried for crimes that they did not commit based off of another’s repressed memory. Elizabeth Loftus made it her goal to find justice for those wrongfully accused. It is hard to say whether or not those accused are truly innocent or not, but what we can say is that too many people are being locked away without all the right evidence; just another’s memory of what might have happened. Loftus found it unlikely that any one person could forget such a traumatic experience, than remember is years later. Plenty of cases have these memory based convictions has their primary source of evidence, however, a repressed memory should not be a legit piece of evidence when attempting to convict another.
Despite being a universal problem, there is no universal standard of care. Some healthcare systems have adopted fall prevention programs. Unfortunately, when a fall prevention program is initiated, it may not be completely reliable. With so many methods available to identify fall risks, it is challenging to find one that is consistently effective. The immense variety of options available present a problem, according to Bergen
The DNA of Robert Pilcher was not the only profile created, as there were profiles of two other individuals who were not able to be identified. There were also hairs and fingerprints found at the crime scene that could not be linked to Pilcher and remained unidentified. An alibi was established by Pilcher for the day of the murder, as he was apparently working at Jaycees circus office, but after 40 years, crucial witnesses were no longer alive and memories became foggy. Pilcher also argued that the semen stains were from a previous sexual encounter, and there was little other physical evidence directly linking him to the crime. However, a former girlfriend of Pilcher’s testified to him stating that he previously offed somebody, and a brother-in-law testified that Mr. Pilcher reached out to him after he had gained information about the re-opening of Mary Jayne Jones’ case and stated that he was not proud of his past and that he may be going to
The Lindbergh baby kidnapping case and investigation used many resources, as many as were available at the time, but if compared to today’s advancements and procedures it was very little. There were some inconsistencies that occurred between the investigation and the eventual sentencing of the suspect, Bruno Richard Hauptmann, primarily that there was no real opportunity for him to be the kidnapper. There was a special set of circumstances that brought about the kidnapping, namely being that the Lindbergh’s were not supposed to be at their home in Hopewell, NJ at the time of the kidnapping, instead due to the baby being sick they stayed in Hopewell not returning to Morrow, breaking their normal routine. It is possible that the kidnapping was a
Conspiracies began taking shape as soon as the trials started, most were presented with a lack of definite proof. A careful look at the facts known about King’s assassination would lead one to know that Martin Luther King’s assassination was not a conspiracy, it was the work of the criminal James Earl Ray. Although in the end, some may believe that James Earl Ray is innocent or that one of the conspiracies are true, this overlooks the hard facts brought up in the investigations. The lack of definitive proof or witnesses and the changing statements of the people involved leads to an unsure conclusion. The various conspiracies may hold some relevance, however, each conspiracy shows weak points that removes it from the list of plausible theories.
With this, less hand movements throughout would have been less distracting, thus allowing the audience to focus more on his arguments instead. Other than these two suggestions, there is a problem with the lack of content as well. Mittelberg failed to address the infamous Roe vs. Wade court case that legalized abortion nor the cases of those seeking abortion due to rape or incest. Mittelberg did not explicitly acknowledge that abortion is legal and there is not much that can change that. While he did acknowledge and refute three very common and fundamental myths about abortion, there were many lingering questions that pro-choicers would have asked.
While most of the unlawful conviction cases have been widely publicized, the general public remains alert and skeptical on how to properly address this new wave of challenges in our criminal justice system as a by-product of police brutality, junk science, eyewitness misidentification and much more. Limited policy adjustments have been implemented in the existing framework of conducting legal proceeding to indict criminal behaviors, nor have it provided adequate opportunities and resources for victims that fall under the wrongfully acquitted category. Current regulations for have strengths and flaws, which will be disclosed in this research. Exoneration, the contemporary legal approval from the judge and the court that indicates a defender
violent or nonviolent (1). It is hard to figure out who is a violent criminal due to the way they were charged under the justice system. There is no way of showing whether or not violence was used while they were dealing or drug using. These statistics prove that by focusing on other resolutions for non-violent crimes, the incarceration rates could be reduced. Along with rehabilitation for drug offenders, there is also a need for proper rehabilitation of mentally ill patients and prisoners to keep them from relapsing and ending up back in the system.
From helping create vaccines to the diagnosis of genetic disease, the cells were very useful in medical research. The existence of the cells was concealed from her family, both to allow the research to go uninterrupted and because the identity of the person behind the cells remained a public mystery. Even after the truth came out, the family did not receive any special medical care or assistance, despite being related to Henrietta, who made many of the medications and medical procedures possible through her cells. This may have been an effort to observe any possible effects that a genetic HeLa presence would have on an individual, at the risk of the well-being of the individual. Stemming from this controversy, debate regarding the moral obligation that individuals have to provide their cells for research has begun.
Predicting Future Serial Murderer Behaviors Trevor Skinner East Carolina University Introduction Serial killing, serial murder, serial homicide, there are many names that can be thrown around for the act of killing multiple victims. While many know the names not as many know the actual definition of serial killing, or serial murder. There has been much difficulty with having a universal way to define serial killing, while it has been attempted, researchers and members of law enforcement have not been able to come up with one widely used and accepted definition for serial killing (Samuel Adjorlolo, 2014). In (Miller, Serial Killers: I. Subtypes, Patterns, and Motives, 2014), Miller defines serial murder using the FBI’s definition, he states “serial murderers are those who, either alone or with an accomplice, kill at least three people over a period of time, with “cooling-off” periods between the murders, indicating premeditation of each killing.”
Where the weapons were obtained in the sandy hook shooting and the Orlando shooting were dramatically different. Lanza took the weapons from his mother who owned them legally, but Lanza was unable to have firearms because of his mental illness. Mateen was cleared by the federal background check even though the FBI did some monitoring on him. His radical beliefs caught the eye of the federal government, but someone 's religion can not be used to stip individuals of their rights. Lastly he explains that, “cultural beliefs are significantly related to people’s opinions about gun control, but the strongest, most consistent predictors of people’s gun control preferences are their political beliefs and affiliations,” (Wozniak 2).
The Criminal Justice system is slowly changing for the better but of course some of the problems are not being taken into consideration as a major issue. The treatment of mentally ill inmates and drug users are being overlooked. The media depicts the major travesties that happen in our criminal justice system when it comes to murder and rape but the treatment of inmates is hardly ever mentioned. Media announcements and news are what grasps most people’s attention to protest for change and petition for justice. Mental illness and drug abuse of inmates is not a widely discussed topic, but that doesn’t mean that its not an issue Look at the bigger picture the government will not only save millions but they will also assist in lowering the current