1.What is your comfort level with medication administration? If your agency/patient population includes IV Therapy, what is your comfort level with this skill? What aspects (6 rights) of medication administration do you find easy to do? What aspects are challenging? What steps can you take to improve your confidence/safety in this aspect of patient care?
Being diagnosed with COPD is devasting, but the disease does not have to ruin your life. There are several ways to manage the disease. Some treatments require medical treatment, and other treatments require medical intervention. In the early stages if COPD, quitting smoking can reduce the effects of COPD. In the later stages of the disease, many doctors recommend treating the disease with medications or surgery.
As respiratory therapist we will have the ability to deliver three types of bronchodilators depending on symptoms the patient is displaying or as a maintenance drug in diseases like COPD, emphysema and cystic fibrosis. It is vital that we know which medication works best in each circumstance.
Cystic Fibrosis, also called CF, is a genetic disease. This disease is caused when one has inherited two copies of a faulty gene, one coming from each parent; and it affects mainly the lungs. This disease is usually detected at birth, and is currently not curable. It can be found in many ethnic groups, but mainly found in Caucasians. With the proper care, the average survival rate of someone with CF is age 40.
The purpose of this experiment was to understand the pharmacokinetics of the drug acetaminophen within the body, specifically focusing on its partition coefficient, drug protein interaction and its bioavailability through various form of administration. The bioavailability of the drug was determined to be 100% for IV because the drug is injected directly into the systemic circulation in its active form and this is also visible on Figure 4, where the initial concentration of drug is much higher than in PO and IP. For PO and IP administration, the bioavailability was determined to be 72.6% and 39.1%, respectively. This makes sense because both of these type of administration involve the first-pass effect where a portion of the drug is metabolized by peripheral organs, especially the liver in this case, and therefore the amount of active drug reaching the circulation is less. PO administration, however has a much higher content reaching the circulation than IP, because the IP route involves passing through the whole gastrointestinal tract before being absorbed in the liver while the IP route injects the drug into the
Pharmacodynamics about Salbutamol (INN) or albuterol (USAN), a moderately selective beta (2)-receptor agonist similar in structure to terbutaline, is widely used as a bronchodilator to manage asthma and other chronic obstructive airway diseases. The R-isomer, levalbuterol, is responsible for bronchodilation while the S-isomer increases bronchial reactivity. The R-enantiomer is sold in its pure form as Levalbuterol. The manufacturer of levalbuterol, Sepracor, has implied (although not directly claimed) that the presence of only the R-enantiomer produces fewer side-effects.
What is Hydraulic Fracturing? Hydraulic fracturing or “fracking” is a process in which oil and gas companies drill into the ground to extract natural gas from the shale rock that lays thousands of feet under the earth’s surface. Extracting the gas is a very complicated process that involves drilling down to the depth of the formation of rock using horizontal drilling. Then millions of gallons of water, sand, and chemicals are pumped underground to break apart the rock and release the natural gas.
People who have been diagnosed with asthma need to take long-term control medication. These medications reduce airway inflammation and help prevent symptoms from occurring. An inhaled corticosteroid, is an anti-inflammatory drug that prevents cells in the lungs from releasing the substances that trigger the asthma response. Medications in this class are Flovent, Pulmicort, Aerobid, Alvesco, Qvar, and Asthmanex. A common side effect of these medications is a mouth infection referred to as thrush (National Institues of Health, 2014).
Ketotifen is a anti-histamine medically used to treat asthma and allergies. It has a sedative and depressant effect on the brain. It acts by decreasing the release of histamines which are chemicals released when an allergic reaction occurs.
Trenbolone is undisputedly one of the strongest dental anabolics offered in West St. Modeste Canada. It is commonly utilized by power lifters and significant weight lifters in West St. Modeste Canada for muscle mass gain, strength gain, and competition prep work.
The willow tree has been used since ancient civilizations for its ornament, erosion control, timber, and especially its bark. The story of the willow tree dates to Hippocrates, 4000 BC, when people were advised to chew on the bark of a willow tree to lessen inflammation and reduce fever. The bark of the tree contains a compound called salicylic acid, which is a common ingredient in aspirin and is known for a multitude of medicinal effects ranging from something as simple as a pain-reliever to disease prevention. This paper focuses on the history of the willow tree, its anatomy, and its medicinal properties in relation to disease prevention.
Quetiapine Fumarate (QF) is a psychotropic agent indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia and manic episodes associated with bipolar disorder. QF possesses good solubility in aqueous fluids (1) and ethanol. Quetiapine is available in the market with the brand name of Seroquel XL (2). Inadvertent, rapid drug release in a small period of time of the entire amount or a significant fraction of the drug contained in a prolonged release dosage form is often referred to as “dose dumping”. Jhonson F. et al. highlighted that in United States, the dose dumping in general and alcohol induced dose dumping in particular is considered as a serious concern for orally administered prolonged release dosage forms (3). Subjuct to the therapeutic