Greek Mythology made a huge impact against human existence with the idea of evil. There were tales that were created to explain how humans act or how humans contribute into doing bad things.For example, the poem of “Iphigenia” was considered as a sacrifice because the father was at the Trojan War and he had killed a sacred deer. The father of Iphigenia had to give of Iphigenia as a sacrifice because the god was mad and the father was forced to give her up. He then had lied to Iphigenia and told her before going to the war she had to marry Achilles before they left. Iphigenia was heading there happily to find the horrible truth.
The Gods play vital role in the development of the story as they seek to influence the behavior of the human world. The Gods incentivize human behavior by offering them exchanges in order to create a narrative behind their strength. An example of this is seen as Agamemnon murders his daughter Iphigenia in exchange for better winds His murder exemplifies how the Gods seek to manipulate behavior since the seek to test human’s persistence. Agamemnon’s decision to appease the Gods for favorable wind is shown as Calchas states “ 'My captains, Artemis must have blood!... the glory of my house -a father's hands are stained, blood of a young girl streaks the altar.
When Artemis caught him, she became enraged and turned his hounds on himself by turning him into a stag (Maicar). She was also very protective over nature and everything in it so when Agamemnon boasted to her about killing a stag in her sacred grove, she took revenge on him by calming the wind while Agamemnon was sailing to Troy for the Trojan War leaving him stranded. In order for the wind to be restored, Artemis insisted him to sacrifice his daughter, which he acquiesced to
Agamemnon’s taking of Briseis enrages Achilles and spurs him to remove himself from the war, leading to a massive death toll in the Achaean forces. In stealing Briseis from Achilles, he is not only robbing of him of a material prize, but also a symbol of honor, his geras, in Greek culture. In retaliation, Achilles removes himself from the war and prays to his mother, Thetis, that she will ask Zeus to damage the Achaean forces. Achilles’ only goal is that “even mighty Atrides can see how mad he was to disgrace Achilles” (1.488-490). Despite having no true grievance against the Achaean army as a whole, Achilles’ rage blinds him from the potential harm that may befall his troops.
It was a case of fratricide as well. When Antigone acted against the specific order of the king, by putting dust over the dead body of Polynices, accepting that while Polynices had killed her other brother, Polynices himself was still a part of her family and thus deserved the same buries rites as Eteocles. Creon had to act. Antigone however, was concerned with her duty in properly treating the body of Polynices even though he killed her Eteocles in battle and had no fear of the repercussions it would bring. She went to her sister Ismene and after explaining to her the situation asked her one thing.
Hera strikes me as a very jealous character. Jealousy can make people do irrational things. Hera did just that, she saw that Callisto was praised by her husband, Zeus and turned Callisto into a bear. Hera strikes me also as cruel because she took Callisto away from her son. By taking away Callisto away from her human life she also took away her chance to be happy.
I will lie with the one I love and loved by him – and outrage sacred to the gods. I have longer to please the dead than please the living her: in the kingdom down below I’ll lie forever” (63). Antigone articulates that although it is against Creon’s orders, Polycines was their brother and he had asked her and Ismene to bury him, if it was every necessary. Therefore she chose her family over the state and committed the felony. This act allowed for Antigone to gain personal justice for herself by risking her life in order to honor her dead brother’s wishes.
(Hamilton 218) Persephone is regarded as a prize once again. Hades knew of Pirithous and Theseus' intentions when they entered the Underworld and amused himself in their punishment. He caught Pirithous and Theseus and forced them to sit in the Chair of Forgetfulness forever. (Hamilton 218) Hades eventually let Theseus be rescued by his cousin, Hercules, but held Pirithous forever since it was he who wanted to steal his wife. (Hamilton 219) Though Hades did not respect his wife as a person, he protected her as a husband
The theme of revenge as depicted in Homer's The Odyssey comes into play when Odysseus exacts his punishment on the wooers that invaded and denigrated his home. The revenge, in my opinion, was not only acceptable, but also, a necessity given the gravity of the situation. Although Odysseus' justice was swift and severe, this epic could not allow moderation in punishment, as it wouldn't follow the grandiosity of the story's theme. The actions of Odysseus were justified because he endured years and years of turmoil and battle. His goal was to return to his home-land and wife, Penelope.
Ironically, Zeus is said to punish liars, while he is the most deceptive god in Greece. Zeus was known for his numerous affairs and mistresses, and the problem was so pervasive that Greek women used to worry that their baby was Zeus’s. The most devious trick Zeus played was on Alcmene. He came to her as her husband and slept with her, all the while making her think she was loyal to her husband. This trick bore Hercules, but not all of Zeus’s romantic trips were so clever.