If they allow this to happen in Odysseus’ home without intervening, their eternal reputation would be tarnished. Kleos was extremely important to the Greeks; it was something all men wished to have. Telemakhos also referred to the gods to appeal to his audiences’ emotions by claiming that if he did not get assistants in what he is asking of the men
“Quietly, Telemachus goes home and again bears the mockery of the suitors.” (Epic Visit to Nestor, page 727). He did not prove to be courageous to stand in public and make his complaints, until Athena came along and gave Telemachus a needed nudge to store enough confidence within him. Furthermore, before Atehna’s presence by his side, a weakness Telemachus held was that he allowed the suitors to mock and mistreat him, however, though Telemachus holds many inescapable and severe imperfections, he is a man of much strength as well. He is loyal, honest, brave, and devoted. Telemachus, through his actions and doings, proved to be beyond determined and devoted to hold on to his father’s belongings and kingdom and to save his mother from marrying one of the arrogant suitors with harmfully egocentric intentions.
In The Odyssey, Homer portrays the Greek gods in many different ways. While some desire to be feared by humans (Poseidon), others prefer to help guide mortals that they find worthy on their own journeys(Athena and Calypso). They each have their own set of characteristics like other people in the story, but usually show some sort of majesty over the vast majority. Poseidon especially seems to show that conceited and overpowering nature that we tend to associate with “higher beings”. He acts more like a power hungry god than Athena who basically acts as Odysseus’
A true presentation of the Greeks worship, occurs when “Poseidon went to receive an offering, bulls and rams by the hundred----far away at the feast the Sea-lord sat and took his pleasure”.(30). The large dash in this sentence applies hyperbole to the hundreds of “bulls and rams” to exaggerate the Greeks meaningful contribution to their gods. It also brings more significance to “far away”, as if the two clauses that are separated by the dash, are indeed far away. The Greeks chose to portray this scenario to illustrate the dire measures humans take to please their gods, in return for good fortune. The Greeks devotedly believed in their mythology, even as they describe it in a hyperbolic, fairy tale like manner.
After Odysseus stabbed Polythemus in the eye, the cyclopes yelled, "'Nohbdy, Nohbdy's tricked me, Nohbdy's ruined me!' To this the rough shout they [other cyclopes] made a sage reply: 'Ah well, if nobody has played you foul there in your lonely, we are no use in pain given by great Zeus.'" (IX 444-447). Odysseus was clever not to give the cyclopes his real name because, he knew if he did the other cyclopes would recognize him and try to go after him. Instead he stated that his name was Nohbdy.
He gives the peroration before the slaughter and calls out their traits and actions that he once had early on in the Odyssey, so this speech is what shows the change within himself. He no longer arrogantly seeks glory or forsake others or the gods for his own sake, like all archetypal Homeric heroes. His heart and mind now are focused on the sake of his wife, son, and kingdom and claiming what is his by right. So he must vanquish the evil that stands in his way and wants to eliminate them and punish for their contempt of the gods and breaking the rules of Xenia as he once had done. Odysseus brings upon his wrath on the suitors, who are much like the younger Odysseus in the earlier tales, which is the easiest way to see that he has changed because he now looks down upon those who have done what he use to be proud
An example of this is in Homer’s ‘The Odyssey” where Odysseus tries to persuade his crew to bypass Thrinacia, the island of the sun god Helios, but they were too stubborn and insisted on landing. Due to their ignorance, and refusal to listen to Odysseus they accidentally angered the god Helios and to appease Helios Zeus sent down a thunderbolt on their ship killing all of Odysseus’s crew except himself. This is proof of how this was not entirely his fault, and how his name and reputation of being a hero shouldn’t be
I’d like to know” (Odyssey.9.274-276), not out of the goodness of his heart, but because he wants to destroy their ship. Odysseus, ever the quick thinker, realizes this, and instead of replying with the truth, which would leave him with no ship to sail back home with, he lies and says, “My ship? Poseidon smashed it to pieces / Against the rocks at the border of your land” (Oddysey.9.275-276). By not disclaiming
While Oedipus slanders the gods at every chance given, Creon is more respectful, he listens to what the gods say and follow their instructions, so the chance of yet another plague due to the anger of the gods is unlikely. The destruction that hailed onto Thebes was due to Oedipus’ murder of Laius, but one has to think that perhaps the reason the gods even brought up now was because of his constant smearing of the gods skills and knowledge. Perhaps, if he was more respectful, the price of his murder may have been let off and forgotten, seeing as he is a hero. Yet he brought this anger down on himself, on all of Thebes, and Creon was the one who knew how to fix it not Oedipus. Creon was the one who called for Tiresias, who knew that the gods needed something in return for the cease of the
Whether if it is through Athena’s words of wisdom that lead him to the correct direction, or in this particular scene, Hermes’s instructions for overpowering the dreadfully beautiful witch, the gods continue to favor Odysseus and make him an outlier of men, forever exempt from death and failure. He is “Odysseus, great Laertes’s son, known for [his] cunning throughout the world, and [his] fame reaches even to the heavens”(9.21-23) He is a man whose abilities are given by the gods and his life is blessed by Zeus himself. In some essence, Odysseus is sculpted to become the leader he is today, a respected and charismatic hero who is welcomed by his men with tears of joy and cries of relief, even before his birth and the start of the trojan war. Odysseus is predestined to be the hero blessed by the gods. He is given the best instructions and the perfect weapons to combat every enemy that approaches him, and is given a magnetic wand that always attracts his team to follow him onto the destined path.