Throughout history, many impactful and memorable empires have arisen. Each empire has its own defining traits that lead to its success or demise. Some empires are very similar, while some posses many different traits. And although some can possess the same quality, their implication and utilization of that quality can create many gaps in the empire’s overall similarity to the other. Two powerful and historically important empires are the Ottoman empire, and the Mughal empire.
All empires in history had a high in their history but they all eventually came to their demise. The Ottoman Empire and the Ming Dynasty both had ways they gained, consolidated and maintained their power while they were at their highest point. They had significant leaders that lead to these successful points.
The Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal empires were very powerful and well respected in their time. Their rise was attributed to their strong military presence, trade and economic gain, religious tolerance and ideology that rulers should be chosen by ability not class or wealth. Their falls were due to indecent economic dealings, religious suppression, surrounding empires, mistreatment of citizens and an unfortunate series of terrible rulers. The rise of the Ottoman Empire was caused by a few factors including location, a strong military, a strong leader and religious tolerance.
The Ottoman empire was formed in the area known as modern day Turkey by Turkic warrior groups in the early 1300s, and it lasted until after World War I in the 1920s. The Ottoman Empire’s continued success through the Early Modern Era and after is attributed to the empire’s strong military, vast amount of territory, mastery of advanced technology, and incorporation of diverse cultures. INTRODUCE TOPIC. Mehmed II’s introduction of military and technology advancements allowed the Ottoman empire to use conquest to spread its authority and control, ultimately establishing the empire’s success and power in the Early Modern Era. SUMMARIZE EVIDENCE.
Today I will be comparing and contrasting two major early empire’s we learned about in Chapter two that are located in Southwest Asia. The three empires include the Persiansand the Assyrians Empires. These empires have many similarities and differences that we will be talking about today.
In both cases, the empires were successful because the leaders understood the importance of acceptance, religious tolerance, and the ability of the native population to participate in the structural organization of the ruling government. After the fall of
The early modern era was a time when empires thrived across the globe. The Western Europeans were not the only ones to construct successful empires either. The Russian, Chinese, Mughal, and Ottoman empires added to this phenomenon. Although these empires share many similarities, they also have their differences. During the time, 1450 CE -1750 CE, European empires in the Americas and their Russian, Chinese, Mughal, and Ottoman counterparts are similar in that they all thrived and united diverse peoples and different in that European empires developed something entirely new, an interacting Atlantic World, while the other empires continued older patterns of historical development.
The Persian Empire was based upon persuasion and the benefit of everyone versus raw power. King Cyrus had great power over the Persians tribe they were able to defeat the Lydian and take over all their gold mines, trading routes and land. This gave them the ability to build large empires on the new land and eventually others would make replicas of his empires. They provided land to feudal lords, but in return they had to provide them soldiers for the Persian army. Cyrus then built the foundation for a mail service and Darius had organized a communication network throughout the entire empire. Their religion was based on monotheism and they believed on only one god. The prophet Zoroaster taught people that the world was constantly being separated
Their artistic designs of windows, gates and roofs share characteristics with the Italian architecture and their basic structures found in mosques were adopted from the people of Anatolia. The Ottomans collected many different ideas from other countries and made them into one magnificent piece. This is why architecture was such a major aspect of Ottoman culture. The third reason why the Ottoman culture led to a strong empire was because of the Ottoman toleration.
All the great empires , most notably the Byzantine and Mongols were all defeated after enjoying long periods of success. Mongols were successful because they were interacting with many countries because of their conquests. Conquering others allowed the trade routes in Asia to move north. All these great countries and civilizations were so successful , mostly in part that they all worked together and their ideas spread to one another.
The rise of the Aztec Empire (1150-1521) and Mongol Empire (1206-1368) affected their surrounding regions significantly. Through the invasions by these Empires, the areas they inhabited were conquered and reestablished as their own. The Aztecs and Mongols were similar in many ways including their mutual desire to gain power and land. Although these empires resemble each other in the way they acquired land, they vary in terms of their religion and reasons for engineering advances. Both empires established advances in engineering but, because of their environments, these advances were created differently to benefit themselves.
The Ottoman and Mughal empires both used Islam in their culture, economy, wars, and society. It influenced their art, the way they treated non-Muslims, their motivations for war. It is important to note that both empires were influenced differently by their majority religion. However, both the Ottomans and Mughals were heavily influenced as Islam was a major part of everyday life from the art to the bureaucracy.
While opponents of the empire fought, it helped Islam become a strong empire. Karen Armstrong, a modern writer about the culture of Islam explains how Persia and Byzantium engaged in long and exhausting wars (Doc D). These two empires weakened each other, without Islam having to get involved in the wars which would have weakened themselves. The empire that the Muslims upheld was extremely strong in its military and political aspects, which helped it to spread geographically. The success of military conquests led to the spread of the culture.
I find the role of religion in government quite interesting. In a previous lesson we learned about the Byzantine and Persian Empires and how they served as patrons for religious orthodoxies. Now as we start to discuss more about post-Muhammad Islam, we learn about the empires that served as the patrons for Islam. Religion seems to be the primary foundation for the rise and success for many of these empires, but in the 21st century religion does not serve this same purpose. The Safavid Empire was govern by and for Shiite Muslims, the Mughul Empire is quite distinct in that it seemed to be fueled by religious tolerance, so it was a hybrid of Islam and Hinduism, and the Ottoman Empire is also noteworthy as Robinson describes it as the “mightiest of the three”, most likely due