Safe Motherhood Essay

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The first reference to safe motherhood has been noted in Ayurveda, the ancient Indian medical science which describes the general management of pregnancy under ‘Garbhini Vyakaran’ in which rules containing diet, activities, behavior and mental activity were also laid down.
The great physicians of those times Charaka and Sushrutha in India have described care of the mother and child and also advocated sound principles of this care.
During the splendid reign of King Asoka (273-232 BC), Indian hospitals started to look like modern hospitals. They followed principles of sanitation and cesarean sections were performed with close attention to technique in order to save both mother and child. From time immemorial, the presiding genius at the birth of the children was the hereditary dai. In spite of the foundation laid by them, midwifery was in a bad way.
For coming centuries, care for mothers and
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In the late 19th century, first effort was made to improve MCH services in India through establishment for training of Dais in Amritsar in 1880. Later in 1902, first midwifery act was enacted in London to promote safe delivery and the British government established the Central Board of Nursing and Midwifery in India to provide quality services by well trained midwives.
The Sokhey Committee (1938) also recommended state supported and integrated preventive, promotive, and curative health care services for pregnant and lactating women in a three tier organisational structure for maternal health at the district level.
The Bhore Committee Report (1946) which laid the foundation for health service planning in India, expressed worries about the high rates of mortality as well as morbidity prevailing among mothers and children and gave high priority to provision of maternal and child health services and improving their nutritional and health

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