Sago Biomass In The Philippines

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The sago industry produces large amounts of sago biomass. Many studies have been conducted on the determination of biomass residue values, but only a few studies have been carried out on the heating values of sago samples. At present, biomass is useful by converting biomass sago into uniform and solid material through the briquetting process making it an attractive solution in enhancing its properties and adding value. In this study, sago bark’s, sago cortex and sago fronds in powder form become briquettes at high temperature and pressure using caulk gun technology. Briquettes have been analyzed to determine the physical and chemical properties and their combustion properties. It has been found that briquettes are made from 100% sago samples…show more content…
The sago biomass was combined with the corn starch were first soaked in hot water for 30 minutes until it reaches a porridge consistency (Fig. 2). This acts as a binder for the briquettes. The mixture will then be inserted to the PVC pipe prepared earlier. The PVC pipe is fixed onto the caulk gun with the washer fitted at the opening end so to prevent the briquettes from flowing out when pressed. When ready, the clamp was screwed onto the pipe and the gun was pressed to apply pressure to form the biomass briquettes. The biomass briquettes were then taken out to be sun dried for 3 days (Fig. 3). This procedure is then repeated for all the briquettes with combination with varying…show more content…
From the analysis, it was found that sago briquettes were easy to ignite. The burning profile of sago briquettes is illustrated in figure 5. The average burning rate was recorded at 0.43 g/min. The analysis also shows that at the normal surrounding air, sago biomass briquettes are capable to generate about 0.13 kW of thermal output. Compared to commercialised charcoal, sago biomass briquettes less level of smoke conditions dominated most of the combustion process, however with adequate supply of air, there is a higher tendency of the fuel to

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