Belgian Architecture is divided into thirteen eras: Romanesque, Gothic, Traditional Flemish, Traditional Walloon, Baroque, Traditional, Classical, Late 19th century, Art Nouveau, Early 20th century, Art Deco, Late 20th century, and Early 21st. To be brief, many of Belgian arts and architecture is focused and located in Belgium’s capital and largest city, Brussels. The architecture in Brussels is diverse, it spans from the medieval constructions on the Grand Place to the postmodern buildings of the EU Institutions. However, the most remarkable architecture style from Belgium is Art Nouveau, and the architect that managed to embrace this style was born here, contributed and introduced his works of Art Nouveau in his birth land, Belgium. The
The whole history with it’s coldness, lifeless imagery, living nations would be impossible. In architecture we should respect two duties to national architecture, the first is rendering in the architecture of today and the second is about preservance of the heritage from the past. It is in this two duties and directions that the Lamp of Memory is truly called the six lamp of architecture. To become memorial or monumental in perceiving a true perfection in civil and domestic building. In the heart of the men should be a sanctity in preserving and saving their own house.
Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture by robert venturi addresses architecture as the only place where redundant and simple construction, in thinking and in material reality takes shape.The objective of the series was to explore and promote ideas that were too complex or involved for exhibit, and were therefore written on museum exbhition. Though Venturi 's utilizes many photographic examples to support his arguments, the points he makes in "Complexity and Contradiction" are probably too involved and discursive to explain in a museum or gallery context. Even so, his are generally outlined in "Nonstraightforward Architecture: A Gentle Manifesto." This opening comment advocates embracing "contradiction and complexity" in order to create valid, vital works. Venturi also touches on the concept that richness can contrast with clarity, and urges architects to leave the tenets of traditional Modernism behind in pursuit of "truth in its totality," a sort of organic messiness that he perceives as more real and useful than overly planned, hyper-logical Modernist constructions.
Another architectural feature of Italian churches is the “campanile” or bell tower. The campanile of Saint Mark’s Basilica was not built at the same time as the original basilica, but was added on later in 1514. These artistic and architectural features make Saint Mark’s Basilica representative of traditional Italian
Islamic fine art is not all limited to religious fine art; however, it includes all the art of wealthy and diverse sophistications of Islamic areas. It often contains nonspiritual aspects, which are frowned on, if not prohibited by a few Islamic theologians. Apart from the continuous calligraphic messages religious art precisely, is less outstanding in Islamic art than in Western Medieval art, alongside the exclusion of Islamic architecture whereas mosques and their development of nearby constructions. Symbolic paintings might cover religious scenery, but usually in extremely materialistic settings
I personally believe that, due to many obvious architectural aspects, the design of Sharjah’s Central Market (the Blue Souk) applies the idea of ‘kitsch’, in which the market can be seen as a duplication of Western Architecture with some traditional Arabic and Islamic adjustments to make it an icon and a representation of Arabic Architecture, although it was designed by a foreign architect and the
(Rasheeduzzafar & Ahmad Saad, 1984). The architectural practices in the Middle East have insignificant inefficiencies and the current practices are great barrier to innovation. Currently the architectural practices do incorporate strategic approach but still the industry is in need to enhance the
Sulaymaniyah is an example and the result of various different plans that made this city to be an unattractive city. The roads are irregular and the houses and buildings are arranged in strange ways; one building is high; one is small, one is 5 meter before another, one is built on a triangle land, so there is not pretty plans and standards which all things belong to them. To build a beautiful city there must be a planner to say that the roads should be designed this way, the building should have these standards, and people should not build their houses anywhere they want otherwise the result will be a city like Sulaymaniyah. Descartes also successfully implied this believing on the laws and want to say that if the laws devised by one person, the results will be effective even if the laws are not good. Nowadays, some Kurds say that the days which Saddam Hussein was the president of Iraq, things were going better because one person devised all the laws and plans, and the laws were equal to all Iraqi civilians.
He also concluded that even the optimum ratios still would not provide compressive strengths comparable to conventional concrete. He found the effect of compaction on compressive strength. Pervious concrete cannot be used for the construction of roads that experience heavy traffic. The most significant problem for pervious concrete is clogging, so frequent maintenance is required. Clogging leads to a decrease in water permeability, and also causes a decrease in the advantages of using pervious concrete.
Due to its particular location and lack of suitable lands for construction of buildings, Hajij possess a specific pattern of combining filled and vacant spaces. In this model, the residential units often has no yard or open spaces. Among other factors affecting the orientation of buildings are the steep slopes and topography of the region which have shaped the buildings in a staircase-like form along the direction of slopes. The orientation and pattern of housing units have made buildings to be constructed over each other and each unit is overlooking the other one. However, this pattern has never interrupted human relationships and social interactions in residential units, since the units have mainly been built back to back, without rear openings