Saint Peter Basilica

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Saint Peter Basilica is located within Vatican City in Rome. The Designer and Architecture of this building is Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Saint Peter is a late Renaissance Church and it is also one of the largest Churches in the world. St. Peter is considered as the Holiest Catholic Church in Rome. Construction date began on 1506 and was completed on 1626.…show more content…
Peter was constructed during the late Renaissance period, at the beginning of the Baroque period which is in the 1600 and also known as the 17th century, the style of sculpture, painting and architecture of buildings began to changes at the starts of Baroque period. The Baroque style occurred around 1600 in Rome, Italy and it soon spread around most of the Europe countries. Renaissance architect started to uses different way or rather experiencing with bold curves, ornate decorations and lines for building which are unsymmetrical instead of symmetrical lines. An example of the most famous building from the Baroque period is Saint Peter’s Basilica; this building was one of the two biggest churches at the time and with a total area of 44000 square meters. The word Baroque came from Portugal word “Barroco” and in French it means rough or imperfect pearl, Saint Peter is famous for pilgrimage and for its function. The fact that the church is located in Vatican City, the Pope would appear at the church numbers of time throughout the year to either give speeches or provide services to the citizens, this action draws in the attention of the people around the city. Roughly around 15,000 to 80,000 would attend at the church whenever the Pope would arrive to give speech. Saint Peter, being one of the most beautiful churches built, many people thought the building as a Renaissance Architecture, The reason why many people thought it is a Renaissance building because the…show more content…
The fact that there were more than four architects that contributed their ideas and design into the building but the four that are named gave the most efficient design of reconstructing Saint Peter. The four architects have given many ideas and design of the plan layout of the new Basilica but Pope Julius the 2nd selected the plan that Bramante designed because of the foundation, shape and also the functions that can be carry out. The plan is formed with a huge Greek cross with a dome in the centre which is inspired by the Roman temple, the Pantheon. After the death of Pope Julius, other architects such as Raphael took over the job of reconstructing the basilica, Raphael did not make major changes to the plan as he only made slight changes to the front of the Basilica. Michelangelo, an Italian sculptor, painter, poet, engineer and also an architect, who had committed a lot in to redesigning the basilica but sadly he passed away before he can see the dome of the church being completed. Michelangelo has left the designing of the plan and also a scaled model of the dome as an example for his successors who will complete
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