Even when his neighbour Charley offers him a job with a salary, Willy declines because he is too proud to work for Charley. He rather blames his failure on the superficiality of the business world and fixates himself on the idea that personality, not hard work, is the key to accomplishment. Perhaps, this is because Willy is living in a world where the pursuit of the American Dream is a predominant part of people’s lives, and the materialistic pressures of the superficial were beginning to permeate its actual values. Under this particular pressure, Willy has been fighting his entire life to achieve "the dream," but unfortunately, no one ever explains to him what its true values are or how to really make it. Therefore, Willy manages his life based on his overwhelming sense of pride and ambition, and in this way, Miller seems to criticize the idea of compromising happiness for success-- even though Willy truly believes that happiness is achieved through success.
Chris McCandless abandoned the modern world and chose the wild because he believed that he could improve himself through living in the wild, and found the true happiness of the life. McCandless abandoned his wealthy family because of his complicated relationship with his father, and he was ashamed with his father’s adultery. Therefore, McCandless believed that human relationship was not the only thing that forms happiness, instead a man’s connection with the nature brings joy as well. He also believed the habitual lifestyle was not what people were meant to do, and people shouldn't have more possessions than what they need. For this reason, McCandless traveled with little effects.
Just took ‘em, I know where he keeps everything… I don’t expect ever to have that much money all at once” (Bristow 163) and ultimately save Jimmy’s life where he could have been furious with Darren for taking his money especially during a time of crisis but instead he generously puts Jimmy’s needs above his own. Also, when Darren’s character is first described it is said “Since he wrote a good hand, his cousin Godfrey had given him a job keeping records” (Bristow 10) Since Darren’s mother and father died and left no money for him Godfrey had taken him under his wing and provided Darren a job with good pay so he can live a normal life.
We just didn’t know about it”. Walter is a very “wild dreamer” but he means well, he tries his best to succeed and prosper for his family. Walter is money crazy but he means well and only wants money for one reason, to provide for his family. Furthermore, hearing all of these great characteristics and dreams, Walter, Lena, and Ruth clearly show importance towards family and the American dream.
Death of a Salesman tells the story of Willie Loman, a lower middle class father and salesman in the 1960’s suffering through mental illness while still trying to win love and respect from those around him. The American Dream is a difficult thing to attain due to the unrealistic expectations attached to the idea as shown in The Great Gatsby
Willy Loman lived a more tragic life because of the constant change he wanted to achieve that never played out in his favor. When expectations are high from the people you love it’s difficult not falling for the pressure. Willy constantly felt uneasy about the wedge between him and his wealthy older brother Ben. Ben was a symbol of success and fortune: “No! Boys! Boys!
William Moraley’s failure in the American colonies was not due to laziness but being at the wrong place at the wrong time. His hard work and motivation to better his life just didn’t work in his favor. Even before his journey to America, Moraley had a string of bad luck. After his father’s death, he quarreled with his mother for his rightful fortune. But unable to acquire these funds he was reduced to poverty.
Richard’s dad left him which made him felt left out because there was no on to be there for him and he tried to make friends, but couldn’t because he was too busy trying to fight someone to prove people wrong Richard’s needs shows that he needs someone in his life that cares about him and help him with life, “he beat the black boy. But why? You’re too young to understand. I’m not going to let anybody beat me.” (24) this shows that he is gonna protect himself because his parents can’t protect him and they are never there for him.
When he married Lucynell he felt he had a lingering piece of salvation left in him, nevertheless after he left, he felt like he had lost all hope, causing the clouds to appear and for it to
This shows just how selfish Tom really is as he does not care about his wife’s feelings or his family dynamic. His version of the American dream is to make himself happy and anyone else’s feelings simply do not
Many people live their lives without meaning. Some have a firm grasp on reality and realize that their hard work and efforts will be rewarded. Others prefer a more laid back approach and think that if they deserve it, then they will receive it. In Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman, the characters, Willy and Biff live an unhappy life because of their similar character traits, beliefs, and situations. They are both idealists, prideful, and they both lack “parental” figures.
‘“That huge place there?’ she cried pointing. ‘Do you like it?”’ (pg. 90) F. Scott Fitzgerald in The Great Gatsby, reflects how Gatsby’s passion for success was so strictly to please others.
Bartleby, from Bartleby the Scrivener, and Willy Loman, from Death of a Salesman, are in many ways opposites. Bartleby is an extreme individualist; only doing what he wants to, no matter the personal or professional cost. On the other hand, Willy Loman is a conformist; he does what he is told, lives an average life, and pursues the “American Dream” like most Americans do. Bartleby and Willy also share similarities: both are physiologically broken and their respective individuality and conformity lead them to their deaths, albeit in different ways. The stories themselves are also similar in that they both critique American society.
The biggest struggle in the younger generations is that individuals are told to become whatever one can envision after all the world is one’s oyster. The world is full of opportunity and excitement to follow dreams and desires the problem is how does one execute it and achieve it. Sadly the reality is that not all individuals can achieve what they sought after, resulting for settling for what is left on the plate. In pursuit of achieving bliss, an individual must be willing to endure the ups and downs of the journey to search for pure happiness. In the play, Death Of a Salesman written by Arthur Miller depicts the contradiction to one’s own joy and the compromise an individual is willing to make in order to achieve happiness.