By mid-November, having captured the ridge, his estimate proved eerily accurate, with 15,654 Canadian fallen. The Legacy of Passchendaele The British lost an estimated 275,000 casualties at Passchendaele to the German’s 220,000, making it one of the war’s most costly battles of attrition. The more populous Allies could better afford the losses, especially with the recent entry of the United States on their side, but the battle had delivered a blow to the collective morale of the British Expeditionary Force. Passchendaele, often remembered as the low point of the British war effort, remains synonymous with the terrible and costly fighting on the Western
Eight of twelve-thousand houses were all that remained standing after the Clydebank Blitz in Scotland on March 13th and 14th 1941, every other house affected by the blitz either had minor damages, was severely damaged, or completely destroyed. When a person thinks about countries affected and involved in World War II they mainly think of the major countries that were involved in the war like the United States, England, and Japan just to name a few. No one ever talks about Scotland during that time period, because it is not a big country, but Scottish people were greatly affected by World War II. The people lived with the fear the Germans would drop bombs on them. They were forced to live on rationed food and deal with constant food storages of food because every essential material was being used for the war.
Allies also used the Mulberry Harbors. These harbors sustained the fuel the Allies would need. The fuel was supplied by P.L.U.T.O ( pipeline under the ocean). I may be describing the Germans as defenseless people but they actually had intel about the attack but lacked any knowledge of where they were going to arise. Field Marshal, Erwin Rommel commanded the German forces to the north of France.
As a result of the difficulties with the weather and mines, the operation was delayed, which bought more time for the Nazis to regroup and prepare. The German gun positions were not aimed towards the sea, but coastline. However, they had Hitler’s Atlantic Wall to rely on. As they were approaching the shore, the Canadians were bombarded with weapons and heavy artillery, which was more deadly when the troops landed. Despite the circumstances of the Canadians, they were able to successfully land on Juno Beach, prepared to free France.
The battle of Vimy Ridge is significant to World War I and Canadian history. The battle of Vimy Ridge was one of Canada’s biggest victories. The Canadian soldiers used a new technique called Creeping Barrage to get across No Man’s land. Their tanks would follow behind them but shoot ahead of where they were walking. Vimy Ridge was one of the harder German defense areas to capture but the new technique allowed the Canadians to do so.
What Happened “The Allies had correctly predicted that the Germans would attack around the Maginot Line and through Belgium. They were prepared to engage the Germans as they violated Belgium neutrality” (Laughridge, 2006), however, they were not prepared for the speed and sophistication of the attack employed by the Germans. At roughly 2:00am on May 10, 1940, the alarms at Fort Eben Emael sounded. In accordance with the procedures of the fort, Major Jottrand sent soldiers to empty the wooden blockhouses outside of the fort. The officers of Fort Eben Emael used the blockhouses as administrative buildings, and their contents were to be secured in case of attack.
When German forces invaded Belgium to attack France, Britain declared war. B. Canada supported Britain in her action. Prime Minister Robert Borden passed the War Measures Act in 1914. C. The Canadian Expeditionary Force 1. Militarily Canada was not ready for war.
[Map] Situated in northern France, the heavily-fortified seven-kilometre ridge held a commanding view over the Allied lines. The Canadians would be assaulting over an open graveyard since previous French attacks had failed with over 100,000 casualties. First World War - Vimy Ridge -naval 12 inch howitzer in action to capture this difficult position, the Canadians would carefully plan and rehearse their attack. To provide greater flexibility and firepower in battle, the infantry were given specialist roles as machine-gunners, rifle-men and grenade-throwers. These same soldiers underwent weeks of training behind the lines using models to represent the battlefield, and new maps crafted from aerial photographs to guide their way.
On January 19, 1917, British intelligence intercepted a telegram sent by Arthur Zimmermann, a German Foreign Minister, to Mexico City. The “Zimmermann Telegram” promised Mexico that Germany would help Mexico get back the territory it had lost to the United States during the Mexican-American War if Mexico would become Allie to Germany. Originally the British were not going to release the telegram to the U.S. but after Germany’s continuation of unrestricted submarine warfare in February, Great Britain decided to use the telegram to help sway U.S. officials and U.S. public opinion to join the war, this is why this event was significant to the U.S. joining the war. But Wilson waited until March 20 before assembling a Cabinet meeting to discuss the telegram, almost a month after he had first seen the
However, the majority of these casualties occurred on the eastern front. The Soviet Union suffered disproportionally during the fighting, losing about twenty million civilians and about nine million soldiers. Even after the war the impact of this significant loss of servicemen was felt, leaving only six men for every ten women, thus stunting the populations ability to bear and replace those who were lost. Poland was also subject to the horrors of the eastern front and was left with about six million dead, including about three million Jews. Regarding Germany, estimated losses range from four million, including 500,000 civilians, to seven million with three million civilian casualties.
The German lines were crumbling and civilians were rebelling. Their starving army could not bear to be stretched any further. Germany, Britain, France, and Russia agreed and signed the armistice just yesterday morning. The last hundred days for Canada have been fraught with numerous battles and an estimated 45,000 casualties. It all began with the Germans’ last attempt at an offensive, driving British
There were many homeless children in England from 1869-1930. In those years about 100,000 children were sent to Canada because the orphanages were too full to hold any more children. When the children got to Canada, the farmers that took them in horribly abused them. It’s strange to think how harsh Canada’s past was, Canadian farmers basically ruined the life of over 80,000 British Children. Then of course some children made past their childhood and made a pretty good living after
This caused America to help out in the war by lending Britain equipment, soldiers, and jobs during this tough time. In May of 1915, Germany and Britain were about ready to start World War I(Simpson 14). World War I had started in 1914, but did not get into full gear until after the sinking of the Lusitania. Germany had sent out warnings to America and Britain about the German U-boats lurking in shallow waters (Protasio 20). Any boat that came near them would be targeted.
A two front war is a war in which fighting takes place in separate fronts. This was a major key to defeating the germans “More than 9,000 Allied Soldiers were killed or wounded, but their sacrifice allowed more than 100,000 Soldiers to begin the slow, hard slog across Europe, to defeat Adolf Hitler’s crack troops.” (www.army.mil/d-day/) In addition, the Allies and the Axis both knew how important it was to win this war. On D-Day, the Allies arrived and attacked first. The Axis Attacked last. The allie’s powers were the USA, Britain, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, and South Africa.
History of the Irish immigration to the United States is rich and can be divided into several important periods. Between the years of 1845 and 1855, more than 1.5 million Irish adults and children left the country for America, in search for the refuge. The reasons for such an influx were numerous: many Irish were desperately poor, and many were suffering from starvation and disease. One of the most widely spread reasons was the so-called Potato Famine. It killed more than 1 million people in five years and caused great acrimony and anger at the British for providing too little help to their Irish subjects.