Salvador Minuchin Structural Family Therapy

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STRUCTURAL APPRAOCH TO FAMILY THERAPY
Submitted by,
Group IV
Anwar Sadath (1537702)
Bency Baby (1537715)
Jeslet T Mathai(1537720)
Introduction
Family therapy gives importance to the structure and organization of a family in order to address its psychological and emotional needs. There are a number of different methods of family therapy among which structural family therapy or SFT created by Salvador Minuchin is the most distinguished. Minuchin started to evolve his family therapy method while he was working at a New York school for problematic boys in the 1960s.
About- Salvador Minuchin
Salvador Minuchin developed structural family therapy (SFT). This approach is considered to be the most influential approach to family therapy worldwide.
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The boundaries in a family system can rigid or dispersed. A rigid boundary means that there are a lot of limitations on communication among different family members. Such boundaries cause feeling of isolation among different subsystems and disrupt family unity. On the other hand, scattered boundaries cause different subsystems and family members to overly affect the lives of other members. In an ideal family system, boundaries should be a mixture of both rigid and diffuse allowing for easy contact for support as well as independence.
Goals and Techniques of Structural Family Therapy
The primary goal of SFT is to bring about structural changes within the family system. This is achieved by modifying the family’s way of interacting and developing appropriate boundaries. Another goal is to create an effective hierarchical structure where parents are in charge of their children.
The functions of the therapist are to:
• Join the family in a position of leadership so that it is active and involved.
• Map the family’s underlying structure (boundaries, hierarchy, and subsystems) and identify its potential for change.
• Plan and implement interventions to transform an ineffective structure to healthy functioning.
Some techniques structural family therapists use
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Central to the approach understands the concepts of family structure, subsystem and boundaries. The primary goal of therapy is to help to bring about structural changes in the family. Therefore structural family therapists are active in family sessions, as they make suggestions, and direct the activities of the family. Importantly, structural family therapists focus on modifying the family structure within the immediate therapeutic context. As such, they use techniques including enactments, highlighting and modifying interactions, unbalancing, and boundary making to restructure family dynamics during the sessions.

Referances
Colapinto, J. (1982). Structural family therapy. Retrieved from http://www.colapinto.com/files/SFT.doc
Corey, G. (2001). Theory and practice of counselling and psychotherapy (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Doorey, Marie. Minuchin, Salvador. Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. 2001. Encyclopedia.com. 21 Feb. 2014
Goldenberg I. & Goldenberg, H. (1995). Family therapy, pp. 356-385. In Raymond J. Corsini, & Wedding, D. (Eds.) Current Psychotherapies. Itasca, IL: Peacock Publishers.
Munichin, S., Lee, W. & Simon, J. (1996). Mastering family therapy: Journeys of growth and transformation.. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley, Inc.
Nichols, M. P. & Schwartz, R. C. (2006). Family therapy: Concepts and methods. Boston, MA: Pearson Education,

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