Sama Rokkiah Begum Analysis

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Salma is the pen name of Indian Tamil Muslim author and poet Rokkiah Begum. She was born in Thuvarankurichi in Tamil Nadu, India. At the age of 13, she was debarred from education and was forced into marriage by family. It was within the confines of the four walls that she became a voracious reader and a closet writer. She continued writing amidst an orthodox marital home environment and used to write poems on scraps of paper and sneak them out of the house. Salma earlier used to write unconventional poems under the alias of Rajathi. The poems brought her a lot of resentment and anger from her conservative kin and the society of Thuvarankurichi. She then switched to the name ‘Salma’ under which her first anthology of poems Oru Malaiyum, Innoru Malaiyum (One Evening and Another Evening) was published in the year 2000. Considered one of the most outspoken women poets in India, Salma faced obscenity charges and violent threats for her poetry in 2003. She wrote The Hour Past Midnight in 2004 which was later translated into English by Lakshmi Holmström in 2009 and The Dreams in 2016. The hardships she had to face due to an orthodox patriarchal society clearly reflect in her works. She has written extensively about women issues and has tried to give them a voice. “Neither my pain nor my feelings are solely that of an individual; they belong to all such women." (Subramaniam) Summary The Hour Past Midnight is a glimpse into the lives of “Muslim women in traditionalist South Indian

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