In this essay I will discuss the risk management in the Haitian earthquake 2010 and the Japanese earthquake and tsunami 2011. I will compare the risk management and mitigation procedures each country had in place and how the natural hazard impacted on their society. I picked Japan and Haiti as it allowed me to compare how a developed and undeveloped country coped when faced with a natural hazard.
Imagine you are getting ready for bed, about to lay down and enjoy a good night’s rest when all of the sudden there is a loud scream that comes from the mountains. This was reality for the people of Armero, Colombia (Bressan, 2011). On November 13, 1985 the Nevado Del Ruiz volcano claimed the small city as its victim. The earth began to shake and water and debris covered the sky (Bressan, 2011). People raced to the streets to find out what was happening only to step into layer and layers of mud and volcanic material (Bressan, 2011). The volcano won that night, claiming nearly 25,000 people in the explosion (Bressan, 2011).
On April 18, 1906 an earthquake hit San Francisco for mere minutes. The earthquake registered 8.25 on the Richter scale (eyewitnesshistory). The damage from the earthquake paled in comparison to the level of destruction that followed. The quake cost 3,000 people their lives and not only rattled the residences of San Francisco, but people from Oregon to L.A and as far inland as Nevada(history.com).
The ancient Greeks explained a tsunami as a way the Gods would exert their hate towards them. “the boom of a heavy surf on jagged reefs— roaring breakers crashing down on an ironbound coast, exploding in fury” (Homer 90). Poseidon is the God of the sea and everything in it. Odysseus blinded Poseidon’s son, Polyphemus who vows revenge on Odysseus. Polyphemus informs his father who claims vengeance upon the loss of his son’s only eye. Poseidon kicks up a tsunami in the middle of the ocean that pound Odysseus, but are only strong enough to leave him on the verge of death. Modern-day science has provided another reason for this great force of nature. “a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water” (NASA 1). A subduction in the Earth’s crust is basically one of the plates is sinking under another plate. This causes a major disruption in the water leading to tsunamis we see today. Technology allows us to find the origin of the tsunami and which plates are moving below the ocean. It also allows us to figure out the total duration of the tsunami and raise in water level. When a ship goes down in the middle of the ocean suddenly there are two interpretations
December, 2004 In Indonesia was a tragic month Because a tsunami hit and killed many people, in addition to all of the deaths, the tsunami destroyed everything in meulaboh. The author Richard lewis wrote the book to tell and to simulate the tsunami in the killing sea with two new characters, ruslan who once collaborated with sarah to save her little brother, peter.
Have you thought about a natural disaster that happened years ago, leaving no effect on you at all? Why would you have a reason to? The effects of an earthquake that happened five years ago have probably been solved by now. Right? But unfortunately, the people of Haiti are still struggling and dying because of the earthquake that occurred five years ago. All of these problems are raising the number of orphaned children, and leaving them with no shelter, food, clothes, or a family to call their own.
It’s 5 o’clock in the afternoon. The 1989 World Series is about to start. The TV goes to static. Houses come crashing down. Dust is everywhere around the wreckage. Smoke is flooding the streets. Downed fire hydrants spray into what 's left of a parking garage. All of this damage was caused by an earthquake. Earthquakes affect not only the Earth, but people and the property on it.
It is 8 am, December 7, 1941. Everything is peaceful at U.S. Naval base Pearl Harbor near Honolulu, Hawaii. Until, suddenly, Japanese bomber planes filled the air and chaos ensumed. Unsuspecting ships were relentlessly attacked. A bomb crashed through the deck of warship USS Arizona. The ship exploded and sank, with more than 1,000 men aboard. Next, torpedoes pierced the hull of battleship USS Oklahoma. With 400 soldiers aboard, she then too couldn’t stay afloat and rolled into the depths. By then end of the attack,every ship in the base was damaged. Eventually, all except the USS Arizona and the USS Utah were salvaged and repaired. All in all, the damage done by the Japanese was extensive and costly. 20 Naval ships and 300 airplanes were destroyed and damaged.
The earthquake that shook Haiti came at a decently strong 7.0 Magnitude, and although that may not come off as anything specially devastating, the end results caused by the sole earthquake itself weren’t something that is left to be desired. The depth of the Haiti quake was 9.9 km deep, and yet again, nothing to holler about in comparison with the Haida Gwaii’s 17.5km depth of destruction. However, the perceived shaking of the Haiti earthquake is said to be “extreme”, which is four tiers above Haida Gwaii’s perceived shaking level (strong).
“After extensive research, estimated that over 3,000 deaths were caused directly or indirectly by the catastrophe. The population of San Francisco at the time was about 400,000” (Bonilla). California was, and is now the currently most populated state in the United States. San Francisco was the largest city on the West Coast and was the most popular location for Western Migration. This is one of the reasons why California is so heavy populated making the results of the earthquake even more disastrous. There are several incidents that caused the death of 3,000 people, but all resulted from the earthquake. Some people died from smoke inhalation, falling debris, and disease. The disease was brought from the falling rubble and standing water that was left after the earthquake. People were not only effected physically, but they also suffered mentally. Families lost loved ones, friends, and co-workers. Tragedy and destruction
The San Francisco Bay is divided into 4 sub-bays, Central Bay, South Bay, Suisun Bay and San Pablo bay which contains rivers and channels. The San Francisco bay is located 27 miles west from the golden gate. 14000 years ago the Farallon island was extended west to a few miles and beyond, which was the west coast of North America. As the ice age ended, the sea level rose. 7000 years ago the dramatic shift of sea level slow, sediment flowing in from surrounding hills in the Great Valley England settled around the edges and create the San Francisco in present.
When destruction strikes many newspapers and try their best to cover it. This paper looks at how local newspapers will cover a story that happening in it’s area compared to how a newspaper with more national coverage will cover the same story. Thus, newspapers with different target audiences will cover the same event in different ways.
The Haitian earthquake of 2010 will forever live in the minds of Haitians as a terrible tragedy. The Haitian people were unprepared for the sudden earthquake that shook their world. Taking place on January 12, 2010, the earthquake shattered Haiti. The poor or no infrastructure in even the most urban areas exacerbated the damage caused by the earthquake. Due to Haiti's location, a tragic earthquake was inevitable, but this one will forever live in memories as a terrible tragedy. The Haitian earthquake had devastating consequences for both Haiti and the world, due to a lack of infrastructure, their location on specific fault lines, and a UN-originated cholera outbreak after the earthquake. The earthquake had an effect that will likely last for decades on Haiti.
scale. This earthquake left 4 dead and buildings as well as bridges and road were
“Earthquakes are considered as one of the most destructive natural disasters and can produce many types of losses, including