Essay On Measles

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Measles is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus. Virus lives in the throat of people and mucus of the nose with this infection. Physical contact, sneezing and coughing can spread the infection. Infected droplets of mucus can remain contagious and active for around two hours. Means that the virus can live outside the body .
In human diseases measles is one of the most important human disease that can cause serious illness, complications and death. Measles were estimated to cause more than 2 million death,specially infected 90% of children before they reached 15 years of age.
In the 9th century, The first written accounts of measles disease was published by a Persian doctor. In 1757 a Scottish physician, demonstrated
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healthcare providers and laboratories to report all diagnosed cases. In the first reporting, aproximately 6,000 measles-related deaths were reported each year. Before 1963 when a vaccine became available, nearly all children got measles were 15 years of age. It is estimated that 3 to 4 million people in the United States were infected each year. An estimated 48,000 were hospilalised, 4,000 suffered and 400 to 500 people died from measles each year. In 1960 Countries begin using measles vaccines. In the year 2000,the world health organization estimated that 535000 children died of measles majority in developing countries. Aproximately 10 -30% of measles cases requires hospitalization and one in the thousand of these case among children result death from measles complications.

How is measles diagnosed?
Doctors will usually be able to diagnose measles from the combination of symptoms, especially the rashes and the small spots inside your mouth. However, a simple blood or saliva test of a person is usually done to diagnose the disease
Symptoms of measles:
After exposure to virus, measles signs and symptoms appear in 10 to 14 days. Signs of measles typically include:
• Fever
• Dry cough
• Runny

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