Therefore, this study uses critics like Roman Jakobson, Mikhail Bakhtin, Julia Kristeva, and Roland Barthes. These critics have been chosen, because they make a huge turn in literary criticism of their time. Roman Jakobson, who is a Russian structuralist, studies structure of language. Jakobson's linguistic communication theory is very central in studying a literary work aesthetically. His theories about syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations are significant in studying a metaphor.
Mathematics, Philosophy and Theology: Pascal’s Braid Throughout history, there have been many great thinkers. They have sprawled among many disciplines, from philosophy to physics. Nevertheless, some of these have made important contributions to many fields at the same time. One of these cases is that of Blaise Pascal, who was deeply influential in mathematics, philosophy and theology. In a sense, one could say that these three disciplines were intertwined in his work.
Both Western philosopher Ferdinand de Saussure and Ludwig Wittgenstein have rejected the simplistic notion of the essence in explaining the nature of language, and suggest the similarities between languages are merely one side of the linguistic phenomenon. In this paper, I will first identify and discuss the philosophical positions of Saussure and Wittgenstein on the linguistic theory. Secondly, by articulating the ontology of linguistics that is embedded in their view of language, I will evaluate these two linguists theories in a pragmatic manner and conclude that Anti-essentialism provides better sufficient evidence for uncovering the nature of language. In Ferdinand de Saussure’s most influential work, Course in General
Bellini was born an artist, ready to change the artistic world and he has done just that with his ever evolved techniques. His advances and encouragement to the arts heavily inflicted our lives. Without him our historians would have nowhere near as good of an understanding of the Renaissance time and art will most likely have not advanced as it did. The beautiful art produced on the walls of which he painted could never be viewed. Art of landscapes could never be so accurate.
He then returned to Neyshābūr where he taught and served the court as an astrologer. Philosophy, jurisprudence, history, mathematics, medicine, and astronomy are among the subjects mastered by this brilliant man. His achievement in poetry was also well known. There is a manuscript tradition attributing poetry, mostly in the form of quatrains (rubaiyat) to Omar Khayyam. There are more than 100 manuscripts containing such poetry, but all of them are comparatively late, the earliest such source that can be dated with confidence was written in 1460, and the bulk dates to the 17th to 19th centuries.
Some of the important philosophers that follow him are Anaximander, Pythagoras, and Heraclitus, who will then influence the minds of the greater philosophers: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. The idea of philosophy contradicts the many ideas of the classical Greek cultures, which have based their politics, art, and daily life on the mythology of the Odyssey and Iliad. All the ideas that are inherent from
With a native gift for literature and philosophy he combined an extraordinary capacity to Imbibe foreign influences and to assimilate them to his own system. His genius, training and situation made him a confluence of several streams of influence – ancient Indian thought (he always refers to his Brahmanic origins), the mystic tradition of the East (the subject of his doctoral dissertation was “The Development of Metaphysics in Persia’), Western philosophy and literature, and last but not the least the Islamic thought. Among the most significant literary influences on Iqbal was that of the German and the English Romantic movements. Among the Germans he was influenced most by Goethe and Nietzsche and to a lesser extent by Herder and Heine, and among the English Romantics Wordsworth, Shelley and Byron had the greatest impact on him. With Wordsworth and Shelley, he shares a lot in common, both in subject matter and poetic technique, but with Byron he seems to have very little in common and yet there are several adulatory references to him in his poetry and prose – works.
He went through Indian literary philosophical scriptures and came under the impact of India transcendentalism. The Hindu scriptures – the Vedas, Puranas, the Bhagwat Geeta, Upanishads, and the
Kalidasa in his various writings selected the references of toponymy. Several eminent writers after Kalidasa, such as, Banabhatta, Bhavabhuti and Bharavi give insightful accounts of place names in their writings. The ancient inscriptions contain useful accounts not only with regard to various place names, but also throw light on the internal and external routes and on various facts of cultural geography. Names of important towns such as Pushkalavati, Sravasti, Pratishthana, Kanchi, Vahlika, Takshasila, Ujjaini, Vidisha, Mathura, Kausambi, among others are mentioned in several inscriptions, seals and