Scareware. It is a form of malicious software that uses social engineering to cause shock, anxiety or the perception of a threat in order to manipulate users into buying unwanted software. It is a part of a class of malicious software that includes rogue security software. Some forms of Spyware and Adware also use Scareware tactics. A frequent tactics used by criminals involves convincing users that a virus has infected their computer, than suggesting that they download (and pay for) fake antivirus software to remove it.
Treasonous Valor Edward Snowden believed he was doing the right thing when he illegally released classified documents. He saw the government’s wrongdoings and thought the public should know that their fourth amendment was being violated. While Snowden believed his intentions were justifiable, his actions created one of our countries’ most controversial issues. He made known of illegal activities by turning around and doing something illegal himself. Two wrongs do not make a right.
Edward Snowden: Whistleblower or Traitor Edward Snowden, was he a whistleblower exercising his right to expose the government for it's unconstitutional actions, or was he simply a traitor who sold our secrets to foreign entities? American opinion is still split over Snowden. Some believe that he should be allowed to return to the U.S., while others believe that he should be tried and imprisoned for exposing state secrets to the world. These contrasting views can be partly attributed to how people view the NSA. Some see the NSA's spying programs as a serious breach of their privacy while others see it as a justifiable response to terrorism.
To begin, government surveillance invades citizen’s privacy and breaks the fourth and first Amendment right that they naturally have. The fourth amendment states that a person has the right to be protected from unreasonable searches and seizures while the first amendment exercises freedom of speech and religion (United States Constitution). Government surveillance breaks the fourth amendment by searching people’s internet files and databases without a reason; the first amendment is also broken because people no longer have freedom of speech if the NSA is spying on them and what they say is being monitored. The NSA has been spying on citizens for quite some time now to find out what they have been saying or doing. Charlie Savage, an author and newspaper reporter, states in his article
When accessing this information, the black hat hackers also sell this information to other hackers/ criminals, which are then used on blackmailing the organisation for money. Black hat hackers can also include planting a keystroke of monitoring the programme of being able to steal data from the organisation or launching attacks to disable access to
For example, one theory seems to suggest that harm arises not only from misuse of the data but also from the breach itself. In both Pisciotta and Reilly, customers chose to share information with a trusted institution for a particular purpose; when malicious third parties hacked the defendants ' computer systems, customers lost control over who had access to their personal information. It is not necessary for the probability to be as high as the court in Reilly would require for the breach to cause feelings of powerlessness and anxiety. The Court’s “increased risk” analysis in Pisciotta overlaps with this control theory, but it is not coextensive. Harm under this theory would not necessarily require an increased risk of exposure, as general anxiety and stress stems from the perception of loss of control over personal information, regardless of whether an increased risk of harm can be statistically
He had stolen files that were not his, and most of all, he did it without the owner’s consent. Even though he was unaware of his actions being considered as stealing, what he did was still morally wrong. On the other side, the supporters of Aaron used the utilitarian theory. They did not care much as to what they were violating or what can be or will be violated, because they believe that their purpose and output is justifiable. In my opinion, I believe that the best ethical theory to be applied in this kind of situation is the social contract theory, simply because it stops conflict.
The patriotic Act has been highly controversial and widely citied The act provides sweeping power to government agencies. That is in monitoring the personal habits of terrorism suspects and anyone residing in the United States, or a U.S. citizen residing abroad. Individuals fear that this can be power can be abused. Many Americans feel that their privacy is being invaded, due to the fact that this act allows phones to be taped and records pulled, plus the ability to intercept Internet messages. The Patriotic Act has taken away our liberties, it gives federal government unprecedented power to monitor phone calls and emails of U.S. citizens without a warrant.
Many forms of spyware, however, are more malicious and can have serious effects on users and businesses. Key logging spyware, for example, transmits to the author of the spyware a log of every keystroke entered on that computer. The author can then sift through this data to find valuable information, such as credit card numbers, security codes and confidential information, from that user or their business. Other types of spyware search through the data stored on the host computer for particular types of file, which are likely to contain confidential or personal information, such as Word documents or images, and transmit them to the spyware
TEST 4 1. Identify and describe three types of “cybercrime”. The computer as the target: eg a computer virus. This includes theft of intellectual property or personal data. It covers changing a criminal history; modifying information; and falsifying documents for identification purpose.
Social media collect information about our daily life which is sold to other companies for profit, including the government. Government created agencies like the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency)and NSA( National Security Agency) to commit espionage towards their own citizens. Immediately, right after the terrorist attack in New York, the United States government have grown paranoid. In response they have decided to tighten the security within and out of the country. The “CIA’s primary mission is to collect, analyze, evaluate, and disseminate foreign intelligence to assist the President and senior US government policymakers in making decisions relating to national security… ”(“What We Do” 1).