Roe v. Wade is the most well known case on abortion and was originally located in the US District Court for the Northern District of Texas, but later became a Supreme Court case. Roe’s real name was Norma Leah McCorvey, but she used a pseudonym used to protect her privacy. She wanted to terminate her pregnancy by abortion- which was illegal according to Texas law. A criminal abortion statute was first enacted in Texas in 1854, with the exception of abortion by medical advice for the purpose of saving the life of the mother. She was a single woman in Dallas, Texas and began fighting this action in 1970 against the district attorney of the county.
Wade case. " Roe v. Wade is the historic Supreme Court decision overturning a Texas interpretation of abortion law and making abortion legal in the United States. The Roe v. Wade decision held that a woman, with her doctor, could choose abortion in earlier months of pregnancy without legal restriction, and with restrictions in later months, based on the right to privacy." (about.com).
The ruling stated that the law violated the constitution, the courts legalized abortion at the federal level, so wade took it to the supreme court where there was a seven-two vote that, again, it violated her rights. “The Court argued that the Texas Constitution’s First, Fourth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments protect an individual’s ‘zone of privacy against
The Roe v. Wade case decision has been very controversial even today when it comes to abortion. This case argued that abortion should be legal and that women should have the right to decide such important decision. Roe v. Wade divided the nation during the 1970s like no other case has before. In the 1970's every state had different laws and regulations in regards to abortion but most states banned abortion unless the health of the mother could be at risk if she was to give birth (McBride).
Wade has been beneficial to our nation in more ways than one. According to plannedparenthood.org, “The ability to make this personal healthcare decision has also enabled women to pursue educational and employment opportunities that were often unthinkable prior to Roe.” This statement is exactly why this famous case should not be overturned. Sarah Weddington, the youngest woman that was on the Roe v. Wade case, said in an interview with The Guardian that although states do not have the capability to make abortions illegal, they do have the ability to make access to them near to impossible. eddington also mentioned that there is a vacancy in the Supreme Court and with all of the older male judges, if a few pro-life judges were to be elected in, our right to abortion could be at stake.
Prior to the case it was the state that determined the legality of abortions. Jane Roe, (alias), was an unmarried and pregnant Texas citizen in 1970. She wanted to have an abortion, but Texas abortion law made it a felony to abort a fetus unless “on medical advice for the purpose of saving the life of the mother.” Roe filed suit against Wade, the district attorney of Dallas County, Texas to challenge the law outlawing abortion. At the time, many states had outlawed abortion except in cases where the mother’s life was in danger.
Texas ruled in her favor, and Wade appealed to The Supreme Court who then reviewed the case through 1971 and 1972. The court ruled that the law did in fact violate her right to privacy as child rearing is covered under privacy. This decision impacts me of course because I am a woman. It impacts society as a
McCorvey ("Jane Roe"), claiming a Texas law criminalizing most abortions violated Roe 's constitutional rights. (PBS) The Court argued that the Constitution 's First, Fourth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments (Roe v. Wade The Abortion Rights Controversy in America History) protect an individual 's "zone of privacy" against state laws and cited past cases ruling that marriage, contraception, and child rearing are activities covered in this "zone of privacy." (PBS) In addition, this case was against Henry Wade, the district attorney of Dallas County from 1951 to 1987, who enforced a Texas law that prohibited abortion, except to save a woman 's life.
“On January 22, 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court announced its decision in Roe v. Wade, a challenge to a Texas statute that made it a crime to perform an abortion unless a woman’s life was at stake. The case had been filed by “Jane Roe,” an unmarried woman who wanted to safely and legally end her pregnancy. Siding with Roe, the court struck down the Texas law. In its ruling, the court recognized for the first time that the constitutional right to privacy “is broad enough to encompass a woman’s decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy” (Roe v. Wade, 1973).
Wade is a case concerning the woman’s right to have an abortion. Roe was a fake name given to a woman named Norma McCorvey in order to protect her identity. Norma McCorvey was a Texas resident who sought to terminate her pregnancy by having an abortion. At the time Texas law prohibited any abortion unless the abortion was going to save the mother’s life. The proposed question for this case was whether or not the constitution embraced a woman’s right to terminate her pregnancy by abortion.
This is the key Supreme Court ruling I have selected to analyze. The law being challenged was about the decision by women to have abortion without the interference from politicians. The case was held on January 22, 1973 by the Supreme Court where it handed down its landmark decision in the case of Roe v. Wade. The court recognized the constitutional rights to a woman’s right to make her own personal medical decision. The government entity that was part of the case was the politicians (Joyce, 2013).
Supreme Court case of Roe V. Wade was first argued on December 13, 1971. Roe, a Texas woman, challenge the constitutionality of the Texas abortion law and making abortion illegal in the United States. Texas law made abortion a crime except when necessary to save the life of the mother. On the other hand, Roe believed that she " had a fundamental right to privacy." Roe argued that the Texas abortion law violated her right of the 9th and 14th amendments of the United States Constitution.
The Supreme Court case struck down the Massachusetts law that claimed that only married couples could obtain contraceptives that registered doctors or pharmacists provided. The Court stated that the law did not satisfy the rational basis test offered by the 14th Amendment. Perhaps one of the most widely known and controversial Supreme Court cases regarding contraceptives, Roe v. Wade still gains attention in legal debates today. The Supreme Court stated that by banning a woman’s right to an abortion, Texas violated her constitutional rights. Women hold the right to an abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy under their 14th Amendment rights.