Satire is a genre of literature, often used as a social commentary, and sometimes is in performing arts and graphic skits. Satire uses vices, follies, abuses, shortcomings and irony to ridicule bad habits in society. People often use satire to pick at a topic or bad problem to make you think and then take action. After reading satire, it should make you think about the given issue and give you a certain view on something, usually towards the author's view. Satire should leave an emotional effect on you over the topic, or issue, that makes you maybe want to change something to fix said issue.
Satire is a genre of literature employed by writers that adopts criticism to expose individuals, governments, or society by using wit and humor. Its main purpose is to make possible the enhancement of humanity and its institutions by employing constructive criticism. Voltaire was a well-known figure of the Enlightenment that often used such satirist in his works, and sought an improvement of humanity and its institutions through his philosophical views. Candide is one of Voltaire’s most known works, a classic, which is filled with indignation at the evil of humanity and its institutions. With this classic, Voltaire directs his criticism against philosophical optimism, foolishness, religion, nobility, and the inhumanities of man against man.
According to dictionary.com, satire is described as “the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues”. Not only is the purpose of satire is to make situations humorous, but it also is meant to use wit to draw attention to issues in society today. Many hope that by using satire it will have a helpful effect on how one will then view the situation or issue but many times satire can go the other way and affect the situation in more of a negative tone. David Brooks, a political and cultural commentator, argues that satire has a significant role in society today but states that using satire is not the most mature way to address political and social issues. He believes that approaching situations with seriousness will result in a more mature and civil response.
Dystopia as a genre is a literature of fictional writing tends to engage with social and political structures, in a dark and nightmare world. It is deliberately written to frighten and warn the readers and society’s fellow of totalitarian and suppressive government. Dystopia is a novel of enlightenment. It’s about the self discovery. It’s a social commentary based on particular event in history.
Mark Twain's Use of Satire in Huck Finn Satire is the use of irony, sarcasm or ridicule in exposing or denouncing the stupidity or vices of a person, group, or society. Twain's use of satire caused many misunderstandings throughout the novel, such as taking the jokes about society too seriously. Twain tried to use the novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, to point out the main problems in society such as racism, slavery, and the hypocrisy of civilians. The most common uses of satire were seen in the discussion of superstition, religious hypocrisy, and slavery. The use of satire towards slavery, involved Jim.
In his play Antigone, the author, Sophocles, uses irony to illustrate the power of women versus men and to portray the true nature of pride. Sophocles conveys how damaging and destructive being prideful can be, as in his play it leads to complete familial destruction, but also how this pride is caused by the disobedience and defiance of others, as Antigone disobeys Creon, and he does this through the use of irony, leading the viewer to examine his own life in an attempt to rectify any possible ironic situations that could lead to the same, but minimized, consequences as those found in Antigone. In the play’s opening Antigone is seen grieving over Creon 's law, but it is this prideful action that Creon took that will cause the unravelling of his world by Antigone: a simple yet confident woman. This law that Creon created was that Antigone’s brother Polyneices, who died fighting against Thebes, is not to be buried but to be left out in the open, while her other brother Eteocles, who died fighting for Thebes, is to be allowed a proper burial. The irony of withholding a proper burial from one brother, and not the other, for political reasons, leads to Antigone’s defiance of the law of the King.
What is irony, and what is its’ role in literary works that makes it so important to us? Irony can be defined as a contrast or incongruity between expectations for a situation and reality, which can further more be broken down into three main types of irony: verbal, dramatic, or situational. In both Young Goodman Brown and Sweat, irony is displayed in each story’s situation, from the world not being as good as one sees in Young Goodman Brown, to the epitome of a bad marriage as seen in Sweat. The literary work Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne displays irony mainly through displaying that evil is just a part of the world and human nature, and that man and woman are not all good and believing so can eventually drive one
Swift’s most used technique was satire. Satire is a literary device that is used to ridicule human vice in individuals, societies, and institutions. Satire is often used with the intent of motivating change in the subject. Swift also used parody, irony and sarcasm, all similar to satire. Most of his writings were also metaphors that made fun of human’s actions and historical events.
Satire is the use of humor or ridicule to express the stupidity of an individual, government, or company. Through the use of this literary technique Enlightenment thinkers, or philosophers, composed arts to mock several ideals of the time period. Several philosophers at the time were using satire to write novels, the most famous of which was a thinker named François-Marie Arouet or more commonly known by his nom de plume Voltaire. Voltaire wrote a fictional novel called Candide which follows the main character, Candide, through a difficult journey from nobility to farmer. In this writing, François-Marie Arouet used satire to ridicule several beliefs of his time period including the military and social inequality of women.