Most of black people of Maycomb in the 1930swere terrorized of committing some crime because they could be lynched for a crime they did not commit or do. One example of the book in chapter 18 was the start of the trial of Tom Robinson who was accused of rape and was in fear of being lynched for a crime he did not do. The main meaning of to Kill a Mocking Bird is to show how black people were being thought of as non-human simply because of their skin color. Tom Robinson’s trial began at chapter 18 and he feared of being lynched. He was accused by Bob Ewell because his daughter told him the Tom Robinson was the one who raped her.
In order to understand the Eighth Amendment and how it pertains to To Kill A Mockingbird, one needs to understand the unjust ways the death penalty was implemented in the 1930’s with minority groups, especially African Americans. To this day, some still argue over whether the death penalty is discriminating towards African Americans and other minority groups or if it is even constitutional. In the novel, Atticus Finch, a white man, accepts the challenge of defending a black man, Tom Robinson for the accusation of raping and beating a white woman. Atticus is aware of the challenges he will face to persuade the judge and jury that Tom Robinson is innocent, as well as the backlash he and his family will be subjected to as a result of defending a black man. For example Atticus’ kids, Jem and Scout, were getting treated differently because “...Scout Finch’s daddy defended niggers.”
When the phrase Jim Crow is uttered, many people feel a rush of inept thoughts and bad memories due to the social taboo against talking of the lowest point in America’s history. Jim Crow was not just a set of laws aimed to oppress the lives of all black people, but a movement by the citizens, black or white, that caused a corrupt mindset in all men and women. Many people tried to stop the social force from continuing in individual spurts of courage, but they were not able to stop Jim Crow as individuals. An individual’s own personal courage cannot fight against Jim Crow, because a single person would not be able to stop an entire movement embedded into the minds of millions of people, not to mention how the social pressure against it was too strong to even fathom fighting against it.
Later, when Emmett Till died in the book, Guitar was very passionate on his death and he spoke of the injustice brought upon African Americans. Guitar believes that white people do not care about black lives, and as a result, he decides that he shouldn’t care about white lives. After finding out that Guitar is part of the “Seven Days”, Milkman asks Guitar “why kill innocent people?” and Guitar replies with “It doesn’t matter who did it. Each and every one of them could do it.
From this letter you can see Tourgees clear use of the word “another” meaning that other Republican men were targeted and killed by the KKK all because they fought to have the South follow the same rules as the North. It was as though the KKK felt personally battered so they enjoyed doing to same to men that caused such emotions. Politics within the white community was not the only issue. As mentioned before African Americans did not get the political freedom that was actually granted to them not only because of their race and low standing but they were “ ‘unfitted for the proper exercise of political duties… blacks needed a period of probation and instruction’ “ (Document D).
but it was illegal. This is why when Roy, the husband of Caroline, heard from his wife that she had been whistled at he was outraged. Racism in the South was so strong that a black man could be murdered for whistling. Emmett living in the North gave him a whole different outlook on racism. The Jim Crow laws in the South made marriage between different races illegal, but in the North interracial relationships were much more accepted.
She explains that when her mother would find out she washes her mouth with Ivory soap, which contains a creamy white color and her mother would say "This is to purify and cleanse your lying tongue." Natasha then admits to believing her and thought that swallowing suds of the soap would purify her from the inside out. Basically meaning that she hoped to become fully white and purified so she would not have to lie about it. Even though now she realizes what she use to do was wrong, back then she felt like you could not live wealthy or better without you being white and in some cases that statement is true. Black Americans could only have so much and during the time of serious racism the white community was the dominant factor.
Harming not only slaves but free blacks as well in the novel, when Dana is transported back to the moment right after Rufus rapes Alice: Dana attempts to express how she felt about Alice’s right to refuse Rufus sexual advances and he replied, sarcastically saying “‘She must have thought she was a free woman or something”. In the novel, shows the oppression of black women. Dana asks Rufus: “‘...your father whips black people?’” and he replies “‘when they need it’” (Butler 26).
There was a distinct dichotomy between the African American cosmetic community and the white community as shown by the products, advertising, and pricing. . Class and makeup were deeply correlated as expensive cosmetic lines became an “exclusive marker to social status.” Lots of American products were manufactured in Paris because it was thought that, “cosmetic practices of Parisian women [were] examples American women should emulate”. The Parisian ideal of beauty was a women with porcelain skin, further emphasizing that whiteness was the ultimate goal. Cosmetic lines further marginalized women of color as they encouraged them to buy bleaching creams and other makeup as a requirement for womanhood.
Having many prominent people in the Ku Klux Klan, this would give them even more power. More than 1,300 freedmen, in 1868, were hung without a fair trial. Finally, Congress passed the Force Act in 1870 and the Ku Klux Act 1871 which outlawed the use
The Kurt Vonnegut Mentality Kurt Vonnegut is an author that isn’t afraid to question and critique major establishments. Vonnegut question those intentions of religion, whether they are in reality working in good faith or in dehumanizing people and taking away from their ability to grow and have their own opinions. In his works, Vonnegut doesn’t steer clear from examining the pointlessness of warfare, the ability to escape your current reality, religion and the immoral aspects of science. Vonnegut’s short story Harrison Bergeron and his novels, Slaughterhouse-Five and Cat’s Cradle were all works that were inspired and reflected off events in his life. The decline of his mental health, his wife turning to Christianity, the growing political and
Imagine writing a piece of literature with the best intentions, just to have someone else destroy it out of spite. An act similar to this is considered disrespectful and could discourage most to reside from sharing their ideas with society again to prevent further humility. Kurt Vonnegut was a victim to this subjection. After Charles McCarthy, head of the school board at Drake High School, thought it was too corrupt for the education agenda provided to student's, Vonnegut's books were burned in a furnace. Taking this into consideration, Vonnegut responded to this denunciation by writing a letter containing uses of pathos to decry McCarthy’s actions towards his books.
Much like money, time is a human construct. Human beings created the concept of time to organize the events of their lives in a continuous, chronological order. Kurt Vonnegut’s novel, Slaughterhouse Five, depicts a different interpretation of time and the organization of events in Billy Pilgrim’s life. Billy Pilgrim’s life is broken up into brief events, and Vonnegut writes the events out of chronological sequence, which adds a unique flair to an already distinctive work of literature. In addition, Vonnegut includes the Trafalmadore alien’s perception of time to further solidify the theme in his work.
People are more likely to be interested in comedy than hard-pressing issues, but they are not mutually exclusive. The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy is very comedic book but hidden behind the jokes Adams uses the book to discuss serious issues. This hooks the reader in as they expect to have a good time while subtly making the reader aware of the problems society has and in many ways Adams uses the satire make the problems relatable and fun. Douglas Adams critique of society is demonstrated through the satire of the Vogons unnecessary violence and destruction, the incompetence of Zaphod Beeblebrox, and the luxury of Magrathea. The Vogon's exaggerated need for destruction and paperwork pokes fun at the power and selfishness of companies and