William Shakespeare's play Othello uses irony to present the central message that reputation is not an accurate evaluation of one’s character, for manipulation is very prevalent throughout the plot. Varying types of irony are used as Othello, Emilia, and Desdemona all are not able to grasp reality with the information that is presented to them. Iago takes away what is truly occurring to improve his own standings while shattering others. Emilia was unaware of her husband's intention to sabotage as she exclaimed, “I tell you, it makes my husband so unhappy, you’d think it was his own cause”(Shakespeare 155).
Pessimism is conceptualised as a lens under which the values of life are viewed with a sombre temperament that distorts one’s appreciation for life itself, by ignoring its good aspects, thus lowering one’s expectations. Arthur Schopenhauer is often understood as the greatest pessimist in Western philosophy despite never formally characterising himself as such. He does however use the concepts “optimism” and “pessimism” to classify certain conceits of suffering in his philosophy on human existence in order to classify the ‘good’ and ‘evil’ that pervade the human condition. Schopenhauer articulates what he perceives as the cruel realities of the pain that comes with life, by asserting that human existence is burdened by the twin poles of human suffering; want and boredom, stressing that ‘will’ dictates the cursor towards these ends, 1850, p: 45. In the matter of good and evil, can pessimistic judgments about life, such as the one expressed in the quotation by Schopenhauer, be an objective philosophical analysis of human existence?
The presence of greed utilized by Chaucer in the Pardoner’s tale presents satire as his character is meant to be honorable, yet, behind the scenes is actually the most unethical one. The first example the audience is shown of this fraud is as the pardoner explains his motives, when he states, “Of avarice and of swich cursednesse/ Is al my prechyng, for to make hem free/ To yeven hir pens; and namely, unto me!/ For myn entente is nat but for to wynne,/ And no thyng for correccioun of synne” (114 – 118).
Satire is a genre of literature employed by writers that adopts criticism to expose individuals, governments, or society by using wit and humor. Its main purpose is to make possible the enhancement of humanity and its institutions by employing constructive criticism. Voltaire was a well-known figure of the Enlightenment that often used such satirist in his works, and sought an improvement of humanity and its institutions through his philosophical views. Candide is one of Voltaire’s most known works, a classic, which is filled with indignation at the evil of humanity and its institutions. With this classic, Voltaire directs his criticism against philosophical optimism, foolishness, religion, nobility, and the inhumanities of man against man.
Unfortunately, he trusted the wrong person due to his growing lack of self-esteem. Iago, a hypocrite who hid his evil thoughts by appearing as a man of extreme honesty, saw that he could erode Othello’s self-esteem because of who he was, a moor living in European society. He realized he could manipulate Othello for his own evil ends. He slyly used pathos to gain his trust, saying, “My Lord, you know I love you” (III.iii.118) to convince him of his honesty and reliability. Then he suggested the unpredictable nature of Desdemona by saying, “Ay, there’s the point: as, to be bold with you, not to affect many proposed matches of her own clime, complexion, and degree, whereto we see in all things nature tends - Foh!”
it narrates the adventures of Candide after he leaves his sanctuary and travels the world learning more about the world around him and the hardship . throughout the novel Voltaire uses parody , sarcasm and euphemism to create the satire . he satirizes a massive variety of subjects from philosophies and points of people’s views to human nature . Voltaire’s attack on religion was shown through this satire , on one hand many people believed that god wanted good things for them and had a purpose for everything that happened but Candide on the other hand sees the world as a distopian place , he thought that it was foolish to belieave that god exists . the religious men steal , the Jew buys women for being a sex slave , no one was good enough .
In a work of literary genius full of sarcasm and satire, Voltaire expresses his disapproval towards the Old Regime in a condemnatory yet playful tone during a period referred to as the Enlightenment. Voltaire's Candide presents seditious contemplation of the dimensions of social hierarchy. The most ubiquitous argument bestowed in this novel is Voltaire's rejection of the tyranny the church displayed through religious intolerance. Both secular and religious leaders alike immediately denounced the rebellious book and its author, but that did not stop its effects. In his now world-renowned novel, Voltaire articulates his powerful opposition to religious sectarianism, assists in implementing these revolutionary ideas into the minds of the oppressed,
He’s faced with many different decisions and has chronic indecision, which might be diagnosed as a cognitive symptom of depression by authorities such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. He struggles with whether killing Claudius is morally right or not, but he also feels an obligation to avenge his father’s death. On account of his indecision and procrastination, he puts off killing Claudius until the very end of the play, which causes many unintentional deaths and causes a vicious circle of revenge. When King Hamlet’s ghost tells Hamlet that he was murdered by Claudius, Hamlet struggles with the morality of killing Claudius.
The title character imagines the results of his brutal act against Duncan but kills him nonetheless. Afterward, he expresses fresh guilt by simultaneously divulging and withholding the open secret of his deed. After murdering Banquo, the feast honoring him demonstrates Macbeth’s further derangement, but his gradual insanity does not excuse the subsequent cold-blooded massacre of an entire family. Lady Macbeth tries to save herself by masking her husband’s instability, but ultimately, her sleepwalking spell places her own mental illness on display. This goes to show that it is not always easy for people in a position of power - or anyone, for that matter - to face their weaknesses head-on and admit that at some point in their lives, they need
Hamlet’s lack of moral character is illustrated in many different cases. For example, when Hamlet was writing in his journal after he is visited by the Ghost of his father, he wrote, “So Uncle, there you are. Now it is time to deal with the vow I made me to my father” (Act I Scene 3, 110). Hamlet, driven mad by grief, vowed to the Ghost that he would have revenge for his father’s murder, a clear example of his loss of moral conduct and his being overtaken by evil. A second
Quiet Kill He was astounded at how far the ripples of the past had extended into the present and at how Coz remained consistently inconsistent. In one last desperate attempt, to topple the barrel and at righting the ship, Wormwood yelled, “First of all, I’ve been called worse things by better people. Second, first chance I get, gonna cut your guts out then slice your throat. You think I’m joking, just you wait.
But when Candide explores Martin 's pessimism as an alternative to Pangloss 's optimism, and he solicits him for his wisdom on various topics, including the nature of man. Voltaire was giving the reader a new alternative approach based on realistic evidences and Experiment to Lipniz’s philosophy. Chapter twenty-four, The philosophy of optimism grows gradually less reasonable to Candide considering the miserable stories of Paquette and Friar Giroflee. But his optimism and self-satisfaction end prematurely when he finds out that Cacambo has lost all of the money and that Cunégonde is ugly and she washes dishes for another dethroned prince in Turkey. Meanwhile, Martin remains skeptical of Pangloss 's philosophy and comfortable in his pessimism.
Moreover, following Banquo’s murder, Macbeth’s guilt is revealed through visual hallucinations of Banquo’s ghost. Furthermore, when Macbeth hears of his wife’s death, Macbeth believes life is meaningless and is nothing “but a walking shadow...” (Shakespeare V.v.24-28). To summarize, the desire for power and murderous deeds leads to Macbeth’s immense guilt, ultimately leading to his mental decline.
In the stories “The Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allen Poe and “A Rose for Emily” by William Faulkner, both Montresor and Emily they killed a man without significant reasons. In both stories, the main characters can easily be classified as psychotic, from their disturbing behavior patterns and the actions committed by both individuals. In the story of "Emily Rose". It is obvious that Emily 's mental is not normal after her father was dead.
Candide is considered one of Voltaire’s influential pieces of work and was full of over the top stock characters and bizarre situations. The satirical work is set up as a long epic following the adventures of the young and fair hero Candide and his quest to find and marry his beloved Cunégonde. Candide meets many different extraordinary people and has several different companions that travel with him throughout Europe as well as the New World Along the way many of these companions and acquaintances are brutally killed and a few turn out to not be as dead as expected. In the end, Candide and company do not end up with an ideal happy ending that was expected. Cunégonde becomes unattractive and the money gathered in El Dorado is used up or stolen,