Hobbesian Theory in Lord of the Flies The question of whether man is inherently good or evil has been debated amongst religions, philosophers, and many great thinkers since the beginning of man itself. On one hand, there are those who believe we as humans are naturally moral beings, and it is society that makes us evil. However, others argue society is not only good, but needed to control our inhumane and animalistic tendencies. One of the most famous believers in this theory is English philosopher, Thomas Hobbes. In 1954 novel Lord of the Flies, his idea is expanded upon.
The contrast between readers’ mind set and the ending of the stories suggests that all readers judge the characters based on their actions and assume a denouement for them. However, the foil pairs override the presumptions by using the irony they created. Body Paragraph I In Pudd’nhead Wilson, Mark Twain uses Judge Driscoll and Pudd’nhead Wilson as a foil pair because it gives birth to paradox adding irony to the story. The foil pairs can supersede the reader’s presumptions. Thus, Mark Twain shows that the readers should not prejudge the characters based on their appearance and descriptions because doing so essentially makes the readers “pudd’nheads”.
The conch and the sow’s head both wield a specific type of power over the juvenile boys in Lord of the Flies. The conch, used to call assemblies, represents progress and civilization while the sow’s head represents terror, barbarity, and malevolence and is partly to blame for Simon’s demise. Lord of the Flies is a novel about power because throughout the book Jack and Ralph quarrel over who should be the chieftain of the children and the novel uses the conch and the sow’s head to represent divergent forms of power and authority. Also, the book shows the reader the power of symbols such as the conch and the pig’s head and even the island that the children remain inevitably imprisoned on until their liberation at the conclusion of the novel. Just about everything within this novel is a representation of something that is considerably greater.
In the book Lord of The Flies, William Golding conveys his beliefs on human nature through the egomaniacal character Jack Merridew. Jack reveals that humans must forfeit their identity to conquer their fear. Through the course of the book, Jack changes who he is to conquer his fear of failure. His name reflects these perceptions of who he is and how others view him. As ‘Merridew’, he is the successful chapter chorister and head boy.
In William Golding’s “The Lord of the Flies” the creation of evil and fear is demonstrated through the actions of young boys who care more about fun and power then they do about logic and humanity. In conclusion Jack used fear to control the other boys and used evil to have fun and keep the control. William Golding used Machiavelli’s beliefs to showcase Jack's love for power and his unwillingness to give it up. Even Ralph chose evil and fun over Simon’s life, which shows that evil is in
The works of Dittmann and Golding imply that people will be more violent in a survival situations that are difficult to exit because they provide the person with an ideology to justify their actions so that they will not be held accountable. In the article “What makes good people do bad things?” the author states that situations can foster evil by “Providing people with an ideology to justify beliefs for actions”(Dittmann) and by making “exiting the situation difficult”(Dittmann). Golding examines these points in his novel through his character Jack, one of the older boys who fills a
This is in spite of ‘Jonah from Tonga’s’ satirical and comical intentions as it may be interpreted as a model of teenage Polynesian culture, resulting in an inadvertently negative social view and representation of these people that could potentially harm their future endeavours. In contrast, the article presented by the ‘Daily Mail’ challenges the constructed stereotype, forming a more considerate and open perspective of Tongan teenagers and their values as
However, such control can vanish if encountered with situations that are extraordinarily stressful. In the book Lord of the Flies by William Golding, we are able to see this type of behavior. This book proves how violent a group of boys can become when they are trapped on an island without any adult supervision. They will have to form an ordered society to maintain the democratic system they had back in England.
The natural way of humans has long been debated by several philosophers. One may agree with Hobbes’ perspective, all humans are naturally evil, creating chaos and disorder; or one may side with Locke’s perspective that all humans are naturally good, kind creatures. Still others do not side with either philosopher, believing that instead, humans actions result of their environment. This has fueled the debate about where human behavior derives from: the biology or the environment. The realistic fiction novel the Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, brings up this debate as it follows young British schoolboys who crashed onto an island.
Golding uses their violence as a means to portray he pessimism highly present in the novel. He shows the human nature of boys when left alone without adult supervision. Further, Golding chooses the evil side as opposed to the good side because he believes humans are naturally
Jeff Jacoby provides a strong argument in “Bring Back Flogging”, suggesting that we should adopt a few of the punishments of the Puritans. This argument is built on logical appeal, emotional appeal, and his own personal credibility as a writer. Providing statistics and information, Jacoby creates the logos, or logical appeal, and ethos, or personal credibility. In Addition, he uses ethos, or emotional appeal to force the reader to think about what they believe is morally worse. In “Bring Back Flogging”, Jacoby says Puritan forefathers punished crimes with flogging, including whipping and branding; however, in current times we tend to put a person in jail, no matter the crime.
In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, Ralph represents civilization versus savagery which teaches the theme everyone eventually turns to their innate behavior which is savagery and cruelty in the events of hopelessness. Civilization means a cultural or intellectual refinement, in his book Lord of the Flies Golding describes Ralph as a symbol of authority. Golding has Ralph state “If I blow the conch and they don’t come back;”And another thing. We can’t have everybody talking at once. We’ll have to have ‘Hands up’ like at school” (Golding 33).In this scenario, Ralph established a sense of order for the group of boys.
Lord of the Flies was written around the time World War II had just ended and Golding had a fresh new perspective on human personality and actions. Golding’s new point of view is similar to the Thomas Hobbes’s philosophies stating that people aren’t naturally ethical and will throw their morals away when given the chance to benefit themselves. Furthermore, the novel demonstrates his newfound knowledge by emphasizing Jack as a character and his internal struggle for power over Ralph and the others in the tribe. And, by expressing Jack’s struggle to rule with an iron fist in Lord of the Flies, Golding adds meaning to his work; making the novel about more than a group of boys stranded on an island. Since the beginning of the novel, Jack wanted Ralph to be forever gone because of the amount of influence he had on others in the island.
As Winston describes what his job is at the Ministry of Truth, he mentions that he has to “rectify the original figures by making them agree with the later ones” (Orwell 39). Although much of the things that the Party does does not match up together, Winston is trained to make sure all of the events that happen connect with later events and continue to strengthen Big Brother’s power over the citizens. It can be inferred that using a memory hole is a way for the Party to control the citizens and desensitize their brains from acting against the government. Memory holes achieve this task by completely obliterating information that is not needed or contradicts new information in London’s society. The fact that Orwell chooses the phrase “making them” shows how history is being forced to be recreated.