Unknown to Othello, Iago was motivated by a cruelty that demanded the utter destruction of Othello’s public and private life. In the play Othello, by William Shakespeare, Iago is the main antagonist to the protagonist of the story. Iago is motivated by cruelty; his final goal is see all of his adversaries suffer. Cruelty is an especially crucial theme to any story, for it reveals the ugly truth about a character who is primarily motivated by cruelty. The social and political gains of Iago’s cruelty display how the theme functions in a work of literature and what it reveals about both the perpetrator and victim.
When the boys get stranded on this island they must take care of themselves and try to get rescued. As the boys climb this mountain to get home they face new challenges which resulted them to descend into savagery. With these new challenges of killing the pig for the first time, them breaking the conch, and deaths of Simon and Piggy they to descend into savagery causing them to lose their innocence. After the boys crash landed on the island it was only a matter of time before the boys descend into savagery because lack of leadership, need for survival and loss of innocence. Their first goal on the island was to have fun and get rescued but throughout their stay, they get further away from that.
Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, is a novel that revolves around the concept of civilization versus savagery. The boys argue about points that eventually split the boys amongst themselves. These disputes come up multiple times over the course of the novel. One of which being the fight over the leader of the boys. Some believed the leader should be Jack while others believed it should be Ralph. Ralph was the leader of the civilized group, and Jack was the leader of the savage and bloodthirsty hunting group. Important arguments between the civilized boys and savage boys come up in three important moments throughout the book: when the signal fire is allowed to go out and a boat passes by the island, when Jack leaves the civilized group to create his group of savages, and when the savages steal Piggy’s glasses to make their own fire.
Society has an evil deep within. Most don’t notice it because it is them, we are the evil, people are the evil. The Lord of the Flies novel written by William Golding was a look into the evil of society. This evil was conveyed through one specific character in the novel, Jack. Jack is a main character in the story whose personality is way different than we would expect a common 12 year old boy’s to be. He had acted very barbaric, bloodthirsty, and manipulative throughout the novel.
Jack shows numerous times that he can be considered a savage. When Jack goes hunting, Golding depicts how Jack gets ready, “Jack planned his new face. He made one cheek and one eye-socket white, then he rubbed red over the other half of his face and slashed a black bar of charcoal across from right ear to left jaw. He looked in the pool for his reflection, but his breathing troubled the mirror” (63). This shows he is willing to change and become a savage by changing the image of how he looks. He paints himself with red and black which portrays the devil in him. He also can use this tactic to lure the children away from Ralph. When the group accidently kills Simon, Jack and his group chanted, “Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!” (Golding 152). Jack does not have the decency to find out what they are killing. All Jack knows is that this is suppose to be a beast and makes his group chant these words when they kill a specimen. After Roger killed Piggy and the conch, Jack gloating, “See? See? That’s what you get! I meant that! There isn’t a tribe for you anymore! The conch is gone-” (Golding 181). Jack doesn’t even mind Piggy dying and Ralph all alone. This shows how evil Jack is because he didn’t remorse over Piggy’s death and even makes fun of his death and the destruction of the
Lord of The Flies is a novel written by William Goulding that could be about many topics such as the inner darkness in everyone, power struggles, roots of wars, and spiritual references. The characters represented different theories and real-life events, and they embodied them. Jack Merridew happened to represent evil inside of humans and the power struggles between governments. Jack demonstrated how people willingly give into evil and leave humanity behind. He wasn't the good little boy but a savage who killed and hunted.
There are many factors that determine how people behave in their daily lives. We are run by a number of rules and regulations that influence the way we behave, talk and live. In Lord of the Flies, William Golding shows that without the influence of a civilized society and law and order, people’s characteristics can change drastically. Similarly in Macbeth, Shakespeare represents the loss of morality of a leader as his hunger for power clouds his judgement. Both pieces of literature present how both writers view the breakdown of morality through the breakdown of civil behaviour.
The book Lord of the Flies by William Golding is about leadership but at the same time there is a lot of drama. Jack sets his priorities of having fun and hunting pigs, but Ralph is the complete opposite. Ralph is the kind of leader that thinks about the people first for example, he wants to build shelters and keep a fire burning for a sign of rescue for nearby ships. Both Ralph and Jack make excellent leaders, but they have different styles and different priorities.
Human behaviors are easy to be changed by the experiences and environment. As the time passes by, the changed behaviors can be worse or better than before. However, most people become worse because of the specific experiences in their life time. In Lord of the Flies, the changes of behavior are occurred obviously in the characters of Jack, Roger, and Ralph. They become different because of the extreme environment and new experiences around them. The characters of Jack, Roger, and Ralph change in terms of their behavior by becoming savagely brutal, which shows the significant influence of their experience on the island.
Throughout Lord of the Flies Ralph and Jack’s rivalry and power struggle clearly represents the influential struggle between order and savagery, each being the spokesperson for either side respectively. As time progresses in the novel so does Jack’s ability and influence increase, while Ralph’s influence decreases. As this is happening each side is on par with the influence each respective side has on the island. “the freckles on Jack’s face disappeared under a blush of mortification”(23). This quote shows the embarrassment Jack felt losing to Ralph in the election. However Ralph had only won because order was the most influential thing at the time. But as time goes on that influence decreased as order became less and less appealing. The contrast is extremely significant from the start and the end. By the end of the novel, as time had passed and savagery influence natural grew Ralph became a public enemy out of spite for ordered life. Throughout the novel there are key moments in which savagery can be seen making quick and large strides for influence through Jack. This is because of savageries fun and appeal in the boys current environment. “There was the brilliant world of hunting, tactics, fierce exhilaration, skill; and there was the world of longing and baffled commonsense”(71). This quote literally expresses some of the main distinctions between Jack and Ralph’s thinking as well as the benefits of each ideology. This was the first event in which savagery took a step
In the play Othello, by William Shakespeare we are introduced to Othello who is the protagonist and faces a lot of obstacles, one of them being betrayal. Throughout the whole play we witness betrayal from many of the characters through their irrational behavior and actions. However the biggest betrayal we see is from Iago, who is the antagonist, in other words, the villain of the play. Iago plans on having his revenge and betraying Othello, Desdemona, Cassio, Rodrigo and even his wife, Emilia. Betrayal is wrong and something that can’t be forgiven, at
Act 3, Scene 3 of Shakespeare’s Othello embodies a pivotal point in the play, as it is a transition act that grounds the foundation of Iago’s development as an antagonist and the play’s development as a tragedy. In fact, Othello is written by William Shakespeare in the early 17th century. In Act 3 Scene 3, Iago begins his insinuations of an affair between Cassio and Desdemona, which petition Othello to consider the likelihood of Desdemona’s infidelity and Cassio’s disloyalty. In this particular scene, Shakespeare makes meticulous use of linguistic and dramatic techniques to characterise Iago as an scheming, deceptive and hypocritical antagonist.
Othello’s first action of weakness shows when he turns jealous. Iago, his ensign, convinces him that his wife, Desdemona, has been having an affair with his lieutenant, Cassio. This is Othello’s response to Iago’s mortifying news, “She’s gone, I am abused, and my relief / Must be to loathe her. Oh, curse of marriage / That we can call these delicate creatures ours / And not their appetites!” (3.3.308-11). In this quote, Othello says that there is nothing more to do than hate Desdemona, wives cannot truly belong to their husbands. This is a sign of weakness because Iago has no real evidence to back up the claims he has made to Othello, however, Othello is not strong enough to brush them aside.