Golding uses a group of boys to show that even in, children, the thing society sees as the most innocent can still become corrupted by an environment full of evil. Golding creates the character, Jack, the tough hunter but it takes Jack a little while to completely take on this role. In the quote, “‘I was going to,’ said Jack. He was ahead of them, and they could not see his face” (Golding 31), Readers can see Jack fail to kill a pig, Jack makes excuses as to why he did not kill it, however the reader can infer Jack did not have the heart to kill it because of his morals. Jack still has his initial innocence but later Golding shows how Jack will break his morals.
Using false feelings of superiority as a way to mask inner feelings of inferiority is a seemingly effective method to use when trying to appear more authoritative than is true. However, what begins as “false feelings” quickly escalates into genuine arrogance. In William Golding’s novel, Lord of the Flies, Jack’s superiority complex and need to be in control revealed the inner savagery of the boys, which eventually caused the downfall of their community. Jack 's egotism is clear to see from the first meeting, yet Ralph still manages to overshadow him. Golding sets the tone for Jack’s character straight away through Piggy 's "intimida[tion]" at Jack 's "superiority" (26).
Ralph never seems to succumb to the violent ways of the barbarians. He holds his own and follows his conscience. Unlike the other boys, he is not intimidated by the fear that Jack places on everyone. Jack’s need for dominance is what leads him to lose his innocence. His loss of innocence is followed by the loss of his conscience due to the demise of his ability to reason.
They quickly transform from being civilized human beings to savages. The boys are alone and afraid of what the future has in store. Golding’s use of powerful characters demonstrates how the fears of others can be used to manipulate and maintain authority. Jack, a monarchical leader in the novel, has a dominant personality from the start. He is the controlling leader of the choir boys and is naturally intimidating.
Jack Merridew is by far the most powerful individual on the island. He influences the boys to do things by yelling at them throughout the book. Just as it is stated in The Perils of Obedience by Kendra Cherry, “The physical presence of an authority figure dramatically increased compliance,” (Cherry 2). Jack is the main authority figure that has a lot of power of the kids because of his appeal to what they want and to the way he runs things. He runs his tribe like a dictatorship over the rest of the boys, but because they do what they want to do they comply with what he says, even though it is not the right thing.
They’ll come when they hear us-.” When this happens the conch shell represents unity, power, and order. The conch’s power and order are present as the children vote for Ralph to be chief. ‘ “Him with the shell.” “Ralph! Ralph!” “Let him be chief with the trumpet thing”’ From that day on the conch is used to call meetings and the person who held the conch had the freedom to speak without being interrupted. The boys fall deeper into savagery and find themselves disconnected from order and authority, especially as Jack begins to defy Ralph and pull away from the tribe.
Even after the bloody ordeal, Jack continued to lead his tribe whilst ‘trotting steadily, exulting in his achievement ’, clearly showing the lack of remorse, and instead immense pride he took in the violent act. Their desperate want in gaining the glasses just to be able to create a fire, is shown to have caused them to be blinded by their temptations and overwhelmed by their innate evil. Furthermore, the fire’s destructive nature was also manipulated by the boys to become a weapon that caused harm to
The deep emotional struggle bullies face is evident in Lord of the Flies by William Golding. Without adult supervision on the island, the boys must guide themselves through their weaknesses. They act out as uncontrolled, dangerous boys to cover up their insecurities. By acting as strong, ruthless killers, the boys look stable and invincible to the others. In order to appear strong, boys in Lord of the Flies exploit the weaker boys and conceal their own insecurities.
As time goes on, though, most of the boys revert to their primal instinct and become savages. To develop this theme of the battle between civilization and savagery, Golding uses symbols, including the conch shell, painted faces, and the Lord of the Flies to represent authority and order, hiding one 's self, and evil and destruction. Each lends to and develops the meaning of the novel. In the beginning, everything starts out neatly- Piggy and Ralph find the conch shell and call the first assembly, which is proper and orderly. During the first assembly the conch is introduced to all the boys, establishing its power.
Consequently, the demand for power thrived on their souls and drove them to their breaking points. Lord of the Flies is about the role of power and control in the world and how it can enhance society or bring civilization as we know it, crumbling down. Throughout the novel, the leaders in the book, use certain symbols and objects to give them authority over the other boys and have law and order on the island. Nevertheless, the pig’s head and the conch both wield a certain power over the boys while giving control to the leaders of the group, but in the end, their obsession over control is what makes them lose control. How does the power of the conch differ from the power of the Lord of the Flies?