Savanna Biome

753 Words4 Pages
The Energy Flow of Savanna Biome There are many factors that are used in defining a biome. These factors define the organisms that live in the biome and how they adapt to survive in the biome. How these organisms adapt affects how the energy flows within an ecosystem. It is located in many countries, South America, Africa, Asia, Asia, and North Western Australia, mainly located on the edge of tropical rainforests.The biotic and abiotic factors, the geography, the issues that it faces, and the organisms of the savanna biome all affect how the energy flows within the biome. The abiotic factors cover most of what defines the biome. The abiotic factors are the climate, the amount of sunlight, the soil composition, any factor that affects the biome…show more content…
The biotic factors are any living thing within the biome; such as a cheetah or a termite. The abiotic factors of climate, sunlight, and soil composition are very important to how organisms interact and adapt to the environment. These adaptations are to counteract the negative affects to life of the abiotic factors that define the biome. Many of the trees, such as the Baobab tree, have thick bark so they are able to retain moisture during the dry season as well as protect against the frequent fires. Nearly all of the plants in this biome grow long and thick roots so they can reach water and contain it during winter. Many animals, such as the Thompson Gazelle, grow horns to protect themselves against the many predators of the savanna; another defense that many animals, such as the Zebra, have horns. Those are all the natural factors and how they affect the organisms of the biome, but there are also many factors that humans bring into the natural order that upset the…show more content…
With these grasslands they are prime place for grazing they attract human farmers. Because of the new species that had been introduced the numbers of grass population are declining causing for a rise in tree population. A rise in tree population would take away the major food for many large animals and also take away the major protection of the soil. This could be devastating to the ecosystem, it would destroy all trophic levels of the savanna. If the base of the food web, the primary producers that absorb the sun's energy,such as star grass Then the primary consumers that eat those grasses, like the harvester ant, would reduce in population. In turn, the secondary and tertiary consumers, like the wildebeest and the cheetah, would decrease in population; thus the whole food web is destroyed. This is just one of many examples of how this issue could totally destroy the ecosystem. This habitat loss of the grasslands have already started to affect organisms. The Black Rhinoceroses has become endangered because of this habitat loss as well as poaching. Those are the many unnatural factors that affect the savanna biome in a negative way. Looking at the many factors that define a biome all affect the energy flow of an ecosystem. The abiotic factors affect how the organisms survive with different adaptations and how they live within the ecosystem. All the organisms rely on each other

More about Savanna Biome

Open Document