Are prisons not paying people enough? If so, should prisoners be paid minimum wage? The answer is no, prisoners should not be paid minimum wage for multiple reasons. The taxes and cost would be much to high, they’re in prison for a reason and a punishment is well deserved and if prisons paid high amounts then people could possibly go their on purpose. Firstly, even if the prison did want to pay prisoners minimum wage it would be nearly impossible, and with catastrophic results.
This strategically regime that governed tactic execution made a rise in 1980s jail population to 513,900. That's nearly 156,608 more people broken from families with petty crimes. As stated before, fear was a tactic to justify these actions. Willie Thornton picture showed a messy, monstrous, and fearful black male. His picture did more justice than his conviction.
After the law was executed, the prison population increased tremendously in the years after. Prison population exploded until the 1980s all due to the war on drugs. Drug offenders constituted more than half of the prisons population and the majority were American citizen white males. The Sentencing Reform Act was another major factor that contributed to the prison overcrowding. The Sentencing Reform Act gave offenders determinate sentencing which was a period of incarceration that the convicted had to serve and it was ordered by the court.
Summary California currently has the highest incarceration rate in the world with 1.5 million mostly non-violent offenders in prison. High-quality correctional education, including remedial, secondary, postsecondary and trade school correctional education has been shown to reduce re-incarceration rates. Reducing inmate recidivism, via correctional education can ultimately save taxpayers money and create safer communities. Correctional education could save California taxpayers millions of dollars as it presently costs taxpayers approx.11 billion annually at min. ($71,000.00 per person) for the 189,000 inmates within the California prison system.
Elderly offenders are a number of men and women ages 55 years and older that face life sentence or waiting for parole. There are more male than female prisoners there's about 42% white prisoners, 33% are black and around 15% hispanic. Elderly prison have grown from 32,600 in 1995 to 124,400 in 2010. They say that about the year 2030 will approach one third of the total prison population. Elderly prisons are two to three times more expensive than younger offenders, they could be up $72,000 per year for medical care and housing.
Prison reform is needed in the current rehabilitation programs inside of prison since little effort is used to implement a correct recovery for the convicted. Prison reform outside of prison will edit the laws that have sentenced the convicted to unreasonable sentences so that the punished are seeking out a fair sentence or proper rehabilitation. With the problems in prisons, which specifically affect the prisoners? Overpopulation in the prison system is increasingly getting worse by the day. Since the United States were already the leading country with prisoners per capita, changes are in need.
To begin with, sentence reforming needs to take place because people are getting way to many years for petty crimes they didn't commit. For example, "we are not moving nearly fast enough to reduce incarceration. Over 2 million Americans live caged behind bars, a 550 percent increase in the last 40 years." Thus, this shows that due to us still following the old system to many people are in jail for crimes that don’t deserve that crime. Another example is shown in article 2, line 2 "One in 35 American adults is under
Another con of house arrest is that the offender is responsible for paying for his device. This makes it unfair because some offenders may not be able to afford it and have to go to a government facility. Another con is that many people think that house arrest people get off easy. We are in the “Tough on Crime” era in society so people think that the offenders should have to serve out their time in a government facility. And Because they are on house arrest they do not have to be in there house all day every day.
Prison Overcrowding in America In our country today, we account for roughly five percent of the world’s population, yet we hold over twenty-five percent of the globe’s inmate population. According to John Irwin, we currently imprison more people for lesser crimes than any other country in the world. In 1987 alone, our prison population rested steadily at just 500,000 incarcerated inmates in the U.S. Although in the past twenty-seven years, the American prison population has actually quadruped to almost 2.4 million (Pratt, 2009). With that being said, we as a nation hold the highest recidivism rates compared to any other country.
Although some believe that criminals do not deserve the same rights as civilians, the transition from the real world to life behind bars is taking enough rights away on its own. Prisoners should be protected from cruel and unusual punishment, sexual harassment and sex crimes, and poor living conditions. These crimes behind the walls of prisons make it difficult for inmates to adapt and feel safe. Their safety is being neglected, not only by other prisoners, but by the workers themselves (Hunter). Staff members get away with these crimes so easily; in return, they provide resources to the prisoners that are challenging to get such as cigarettes, extra telephone cards, and helping them pass drug tests.
As a result of these privileges given to the inmates upon their arrival, the prisoner have no real incentive to follow the rules and regulations therefore prison officials must bribe and coerced them. A way to fix the defects of total power, prison officials should change or eliminate the reward system. Instead of providing inmates with rewards upon their arrivals at the prison, guards should use a positive reinforcement system where inmates get to enjoy certain privileges if and only if they follow the rules and regulations of the prison. Another structural defects are the inadequacies of the prison staff. Almost half of all the guards at the New Jersey State prison were temporary employees.
This has only led to more and more prisons being created which cost a lot of money. “Since 1984 more than twenty new prisons have opened in California , while only one new campus was added to the California State University system and none to the University of California system”(Davis 686). Instead of focusing on creating safer environments for those who live in areas where crime is predominant we are only building more prisons to just lock everyone up. This is not really solving anything rather it is just avoiding the whole issue itself. Creating theses prisons cost a lot of money because there are man things required in maintaining a prison running.
Quick Write Essay Mass incarceration is a horrible failure. America has the highest incarceration rate in the world. Even though America is home to about one-twentieth of the population , America has half of the world as prisoners. Incarceration is still high and not lowering no time soon. “ We are not moving nearly fast enough to reduce incarceration… Over 2 million Americans live caged… a 550 percent increase in the last 40 years.
This act abolished parole, reduced good time and established determinate sentencing. With this act, the inmate population increased by more than fifty percent from 24,000 to 59,000. Throughout the 1990’s, the population doubled once again to 136,000 inmates at the end of 1999. Increased conviction rates were mainly due to the recent combat against illegal drugs as well as illegal immigration. The Bureau of Prisons is “structured for success”.
This new law caused an increase from an estimated 300,000 to 2 million prison inmates over the course of the last two decades. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) According to Rebecca C. Hatey and Jennifer L. Eberhdt of Stanford University, California holds only 7% of African American population but 45% of California’s prison inmates are African American under the three strikes law. (Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies 2014) Michelle Alexander writes that the mass incarceration of the 1990’s created a new “racial caste system” and extreme funding for the criminal system. (Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos.