The Lucifer Effect by Phillip Zimbardo aims to provide psychological explanations in occurrences of evil. The book provides a framework to examine ordinary human transformations from good to evil. Zimbardo makes the point of stating that people should be held responsible for the actions they make, however, both situational and systemic factors should be observed. In this book review, I will use points of analytical framework to analyze the main points of Zimbardo’s text. To start, Zimbardo defines evil as “intentionally behaving in ways that harm, abuse, demean, dehumanize, or destroy innocent others – or using one’s authority and systemic power to encourage or permit others to do so on your behalf” (5).
Hawthorne declares, “‘But still, methinks, it must needs be better for the sufferer to be free to show his pain, as this poor woman Hester has, than to cover it all up in his heart” (Hawthorne 131). In other words, Hester is fortunate in Dimmesdale’s eyes because she confesses her sins to the public; Dimmesdale bears his sin upon his heart. One’s indignity provokes more of a chance to change because a hidden guilt can weigh in on them. Woodyatt writes, “Taking responsibility can then lead to self-forgiveness and resolving our feelings of shame” (Woodyatt). In other words, Hester Prynne forgives herself for all of her sin; similarly, the common learns to forgive her too.
Is Ignorance Always Bliss? Does knowing that one can control their own behaviour make it more likely that they will do so? In the short story, “Quarantine”, author Alix Ohlin illustrates the difference between self-awareness and oblivion, and how both characteristics can affect personal relationships. Ohlin portrays the idea that there are generally two types of people in life, those who are aware of their identity and those who are not aware, and that a person’s identity impacts the way others see them. The first type of person that Ohlin depicts is those who are conscious of their identity and can therefore alter it when need be.
Racial microaggression is invisible, people tend to make it visible through exaggeration. Because of how the victim exaggerates a situation it evolves into a language of expression for them. The victims are going to take advantage of this power if they are in a situation they feel insulted (microaggression). Dr. Derald Wing Sue, Ph. D. quote "Not because they see themselves as the victim, but empowered them by giving them a language of expression.
Additionally, they note the more contemporary trend to focus on the “contextual and dynamic nature of stigma” (p. 3), with the basic idea that stigma is in the eye of the beholder, or dependent upon its social context. Stigma involves the relationship 4 between what is perceived about an individual and how this perception compares with socially acceptable traits or attributes for that population. Ultimately, Kando (as cited in Page, 1984) sums up the concept of stigma quite nicely: “In its most sociological sense, the term stigma can be used to refer to any attribute that is deeply discrediting and incongruous with our stereotype of what a given type of individual should be” (p. 1, emphasis
Cognitive dissonance is by definition the ¨state of having inconsistent thoughts, beliefs or attitudes (McLeod, Simply Psychology) which produces feelings of discomfort.” In order to dispel those feelings the brain leads a person to alter the thoughts, beliefs or attitudes that are in disagreement with the rest, restoring the brain to harmony. When we humans have a thought or commit an atrocity that goes against our morals or long standing beliefs we either apologize or justify the action, telling ourselves that the person we hurt deserved it and brought it upon themselves. We continue to search for justification until we no longer view ourselves as in the wrong. This mental capability has, in my opinion, been the leading agent in nationś wars and oppression against others. The most prominent being attempts to stamp out races because of their so called ¨inferior race/ heritage¨.
Precis A psychology professor from Carleton University, Timothy A Pychyl in his article, “Don’t Delay”, argues that procrastination is a form of escape and self-deception among people.He develops his claim by first defining that self-deception is what leads people to procrastinate by lack of action.Then, he provides examples to connect with the audiences how people deny responsibility for their own choices. Finally, he implies that people living in procrastination can suffer from the anguish that defines existentialist thoughts.Echl 's purpose is to persuade people to take responsibility for the choices they made. He establishes an informative tone for the audience who are suffering
As an a priori good, forgiveness inherently promotes unrealistic ideas of a utopian society where victims and persecutors co-exist in harmony. Forgiveness is advertised as a fix-all tool that will ultimately assist victims in overcoming their distress and suffering. Enright et all ensure that forgiveness will help the wounded to foster qualities of ‘compassion, generosity, and even love’ towards those who acted unjustly towards them. The results on post-conflict society could be quite detrimental if transitional justice practitioners force forgiveness processes onto the victims, without truly understanding the country-specific dynamics at work. Once the effects of forgiveness are empirically examined, the optimistic outlook regarding what the concept can actually achieve may be quite drastically
Here he gave out the idea that his fault was caused by his fear of shame. In other words he was protecting himself of charged by others and confronting the shame. Here apply the theory “defense mechanism”, came up by Freud, Sigmund and expanded by Freud Anna Freud, could help on understanding what motivated his framing and how he defensed himself. Defense mechanism is an unconscious psychological mechanism to reduce anxiety arising from unacceptable or potentially harmful stimuli and could be applied as deny, displacement, projection, rationalization and etc. When Rousseau faced the trial from people, the first thing he chose to do was to deny.
Abstract The evidence offered in this paper clearly highlights thePsychological manipulation which is a type of social influence that aims to change the perception or behavior of others through underhanded, deceptive, or even abusive techniques. This advances the interests of the manipulator, generally at the victim's expense, in methods that may be considered abusive, devious, deceptive, and exploitative. The main focus of this study is to understand how people are manipulated and the different kind of tactics that are used to manipulate them. That being said the type of people under study will be those of a psychopathic or sociopathic trend. Seeing as how these people do not feel any guilt or remorse their methods of manipulation are very