Schema Theory Of Reading

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Schema is defined as the prior knowledge of a learner and it reflects the experiences, conceptual understanding, attitudes values, and skills a reader brings in reading a text. A number of experts have defined reading in many ways through diverse wordings, such as it being a “psycholinguistic guessing game” and an interaction between the text, the reader, and the world. Nevertheless, this study would only focus on one of the most common and prominent concepts that could be derived from the varying perspectives—that is the schema theory of reading. In schema-theory research, reading comprehension is importantly a process of relating the information from the text to already existing knowledge framework in the readers’ minds. The text does not…show more content…
The socio-cultural perspective of SLA asserts that language development is based on input coming from the environment and More Knowledgeable Others (MKOs). It is through these interactions that learners get exposed to the target language and develop vocabulary that will be employed when speaking, writing, listening, viewing, and lastly, reading. If the learner does not have enough interaction using the target language and if the environment does not provide sufficient English language input for learning, language proficiency would be affected. It can be said, then, that those who have not been exposed sufficiently to the second language as much will have weak vocabulary and will have a hard time comprehending what is being read and given. This will certainly affect academic performance especially that ESL classrooms nowadays tend to be constructivist in nature. Schulte (1996) presents constructivism as a linguistic and educational viewpoint where students are enabled to come to learning situations with a variety of knowledge, feelings, and skills already within them. Learners construct understanding by making sense of their experiences and fitting their own ideas into reality. Similar to the schema theory, it would be hard to interpret a text if both word and world knowledge are…show more content…
One’s ability to get and acquire language is considered as a constituent oof high complex cognitive structures. Adaptive Control of Thought was developed by R.C. Anderson (1983) that has contributed a lot and has been influential in SLA and also the studies of cognitive development of a person or the learner. Anderson stated in his theory that intelligence is simply the gathering of small units of knowledge compiled together to produce a so-called total produce complex thinking from the small units of knowledge acquired and gathered together. He quoted, “The whole of language learning ability is not more than the sum of its parts, but it has a lot of
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