Personal networks and their functioning as well as socio-economic factors represent opportunities and constraints in the life situation and may be considered major situational influences on behaviour (4). People in high income households suffering from diabetes are more prone to have healthy behaviour in managing their illness compared to those from low-income
Explain two alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress. These are: a) Biological: The parts of the model are made up with: The functioning of an individual’s body The individual’s biological history – DNA, Bloodline, genetic The chemical balance and processes of an individual’s brain. b) Psychological: This part of the model is made up with: The cognitive functions and behaviours Disorders of thinking and reasoning i.e. self-control Perception and Motivation. 4.
Cognitive behavioral theorist Dr. Aaron Beck believes that depression is a result of negative thoughts that are caused by dysfunctional beliefs. In this case, the severity of these negative thoughts or beliefs directly determine the severity of the depression. Cognitive approaches to an individual with depression cite that the more negative/dysfunctional the thoughts, the more depressed the individual will be. There are three main themes seen with these thoughts: the individual views themselves as defective or broken (not good enough), they fail at everything or everything goes wrong for them, and that there is no chance for change for the future. These three thoughts are commonly shared by depressed individuals and can have seriously detrimental outcomes if all three are present, which is
Individuals within society are influenced by the socio-economic factors of the society which they inhabit. This essay will discuss Sociological imagination which was first mentioned by author C.W. Mills who wrote a book with the same title. The personal problem that will be discussed is childhood trauma, because it is broad this essay will focus more on depression and how it effects society on a larger scale. Lastly this essay will then show the advantages of using Social Imagination in our everyday life’s and how we can use it to the benefit of society on a wider scale.
If anything, that stands in the way, like depression can make the person stuck in one of the steps to self-actualization. One of the biggest things that someone in the humanistic theory is that if a parent doesn’t not show the child their worth than the child will start to see themselves as worthless. They will start to develop a negative thought of themselves which then will cause depression and failure to live up to people’s standards, which is what my friend feels like. Before my friend admitted that she had depression she would go months with telling herself that she didn’t have depression and trying to avoid it with all costs. This is what humanistic theory also sees depression as.
Personality influences stress exposure, reactivity, and appraisals, it is impossible to disentangle the effects of personality on coping from the effects of stress on coping. Personality may also influence the range, order, and persistence of coping strategy use (Vollrath,
According to Bartlett, schemas influence memory in that they lead to distortion of it also known as reconstructive memory. He suggested that sociocultural factors that are present in the environment that we live in affect the way how we process information because of the way that we were brought up and the social norms that we follow currently. This is also known as the concept of cultural schema which has been further investigated in memory research in terms of how shared experiences of of a cultural group influence memory and schemas of how we view the world and identify things around us. Bartlett conducted the study “War of Ghosts”, aiming to investigate whether people’s remembrance of a story is affected by pre-existing screams and the extent to which memory is reconstructive. In the experiment, British participants were supposed to hear a Native American legend (“War of Ghosts”), and then recall it after some time.
It was found that students with perceived stigmas about depression went to look for help and support than those without depression (Vankar et al. 2014:246). This study shows that there needs to be an increase in awareness about depression and support for those struggling. In conclusion, stigma and discrimination promotes the idea of weak and shameful for the person with depression, resulting in not searching for support and people not caring about those with depression and suicidal thoughts. With all the new things that stress people out so easily now, the amount of people with depression will increase and the lack of knowledge and care for depression still remains will result in higher depression and suicidal
The variables are reflected with different representation. In the first three variables (ability, motivation, and age) reflect characteristics of the student. The fourth and fifth variables reflect instruction (quantity and quality), and the final four variables (classroom climate, home environment, peer group, and exposure to media) represent aspects of the psychological environment. He explained that these variables has a certain effects that might cause problems with the academic performance of students if it will not be properly guided. Giving importance with a certain variable can mean a big impact with the student’s academic performance.
Social Cognition is the manner in which we interpret, analyze, remember and use information about the social world, how we think about other people, our relationships with them and our social environment. We were asked to explain any two of the four concepts: Schemas, Heuristics, Sources of Error in Social Cognition, Affect and Cognition. A schema is a mental concept that informs a person about what to expect from a variety of experiences and situations. Schemas are developed based on information provided by life experiences and are then stored in memory. Our brains create and use schemas as a short cut to make future encounters with similar situations easier to navigate.