The behaviour we observed is models. In social life, children encompassed with effective people like parents, siblings, friends, tv characters and teachers etc. They attract to certain people and encode the behaviour and later imitate the behaviour interest to them regardless whether it is appropriate or inappropriate for them. MEDITATIONAL PROCESS: it is referred as a bridge between traditional learning theory and cognitive approach. Bandura believes that individuals are effective "informative processors" and always anticipate the connection between their behaviour and its outcome and such factor involved in the learning process to evaluate if the new response is accomplished.
Learning context will be widened, while maintaining a focus on the historical, social, geographic, economic and political changes that this subject area have been based on.Social studies refer to these actions as the study of interaction of the individual with their personal and social environment. Children learn about human achievements and about how to make sense of changes in society, of conflicts and of environmental issues. With greater understanding comes the opportunity and ability to influence events by exercising informed and responsible citizenship. As they participate in experiences and outcomes . The key goals of social studies begins with fostering better attitudes and identify values, which speaks to the child’s beliefs and actions.
We want to create situations where students can relate their learning and their life outside of school, and apply what they have learned. We will implement through various methods of applied learning, and technology to reach our goals. What we understand about out-of-class experiences has important out comes in education. These outcomes are cognitive complexity, critical thinking, intellectual flexibility, and reflective judgment. As well as, knowledge acquisition and humanitarianism.
Similarly, it is essential for students to use their real-life experience to connect school learning to students’ lives. According to Brown (1999), “if minority students are to enjoy the benefits that should accrue from schooling, their culture must figure prominently in the process”
According to Duffy (2004) it is important for the mentor to facilitate learning needs and assessment by giving the student the opportunity to reflect on their learning needs and assess themselves. It is also arguable that it is important for a student to identify their own learning needs and self-assessment but the mentor needs to adhere to assessment process in order to provide fair and accurate assessment (Walsh 2014). The most important role of a mentor is to assess the progress of a student accurately and identify the learning needs and problems which the student is encountering on a placement at an early stage. (Philips et al 2000). To assess accurately and holistically a mentor should be able to assess the student’s competency through measurable assessment tools and to do assessment process accurately (Embo et al 2015).
Students who are allowed to explore, empathize, question, hypothesize, conceptualize, experiment, and evaluate throughout their own learning become productive community members" (Hummell 5). Allowing children to learn to think critically helps them to solve problems and have a logical argument about something they believe is true. Applying critical thinking into schools gives a child a chance to make a difference. Also, Elizabeth McKinstry agrees with Hummell in challenging the next generation to think for themselves. McKinstry writes about how Common Core education helps children become more interactive in the world and teaches them how to apply the knowledge they have learned in life.
6). The learner’s self-efficacy and self-esteem is built primarily on the child’s interactions with others – parents, peers, teachers and other significant adults and for children to develop a healthy concept of self, Rogers reflects, as did Ginott, teachers must develop good communication skills that convey positive messages. Rogers believes that the development of not only the emotional security of a child but also their moral development, personal maturation and socialisation are all affected by discipline. Rogers defines discipline as leading, guiding, directing and motivating and suggests that discipline can be broken into three types - preventative, corrective and supportive (Rogers, p. 5). “Preventative discipline” involves the development of effective teaching strategies, tactics, organisation and planning by the teacher.
The functionalist perspective is that there are important lessons that are being taught in schools that are above and beyond reading, writing and arithmetic. These lessons are the ones that help society function as a smooth entity and enable society to prosper. The intended lessons, or manifest functions, are cultural transmission of values, social integration, social placement, and replacing some necessary family functions due to the changing times (Henslin 2013). The conflict theorist sees the darker side of the education system when it comes to these exact ideals that the functionalists find positive. The conflict theorist sees that the social system is continuing the inequality via the cultural transmission of values and social integration.
Developmentally Appropriate Practice is seen with focused activities, as well as social learning on the child’s own. By incorporating Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories into teaching strategies in early childhood classrooms, student learning is likely to increase. While Piaget and Vygotsky 's theories offer insight into Developmentally Appropriate Practice in the classroom, other theorists such as Dewey and Bandura offer even more supporting evidence for DAP. John Dewey was a pragmatist. Pragmatists believe that reality must be experienced, and so forth believed that human beings learn through a
Self-determination theory (SDT) assumes that inherent in human nature is the propensity to be curious about one’s environment and interest in learning and developing one’s knowledge (Niemiec & Ryan, 2009). However, educators introduce external controls into learning climates, which can undermine the sense of relatedness between teachers and students, and stifle the natural, volitional processes involved in high-quality learning (Wroten, 2014). The theory identifies that students are intrinsically motivated to learn and that educators should capitalize on this desire when designing instructions. Further, SDT suggests that teachers can capitalize on internal motivation by supporting student curiosity and their desire for autonomy. If educators can find ways to support autonomous motivation in the delivery of instruction, then optimal learning can be achieved (Niemiec & Ryan, 2009).
The impact of schools help shape the world’s future leaders. They need skills like professionalism, communication, teamwork to help them along the way. This also shows how different areas have some advantages and disadvantages that affect the student and determines their future endeavors. How am I going to apply what I learned? I could apply what I’ve learned into my decision on where I want to teach.