According to the Advancement Project, the Zero Tolerance Policy contibues to a number of problems to included the denial of education due to increased suspension and explusion rates, referrals to inadequate alternative schools, lower test scores, higher dropout rates and racial profiling of students. Citing that once many of these youth are in “the system” they never get back on the academic track. With schools often refusing to readmit them (Heitzeg, 2009). The Zero Tolerance Policy plays its part in facilitating four different pathways into the legal system from the schools (James,
McCarter describes thoroughly the consequences STPP has on the nation’s school-age youth, including but not limited to increased exposure the criminal justice system, and gives solutions that schools can implement that will hopefully limit the overwhelming amount of students coming in contact with the STPP. The article proves that zero tolerance policies are not conducive to a safe school environment and does not foster a safe learning climate for
Nancy A. Heitzeg, a Sociology Professor at St. Catherine University published an article titled Education or Incarceration: Zero Tolerance Policies And The School to Prison Pipeline. In this scholar article Heitzeg, addresses the zero tolerance policy and the negative effects of this policy. She looks at the growing number of suspensions, expulsions, and dropout rates. Most importantly how this policy is racially disproportionate; for more Black and Latino students are likely to face harsher consequences for this zero tolerance policy. She argues for reform and alternatives that will lead our youth away from the criminal justice system and back toward the education
Standardized testing has become a very controversial topic amongst the nation. There are two sides, one that agrees that these tests are doing well for students and school officials, and another that argues that these tests are hurting the students taking them and should be put to a stop. Norman R. Augustine wrote an article for the need of standardized testing, and Jessie B. Ramey States the ways that the tests are impairing the learning capability of the students. Norman uses three arguments that people opposing the standardized test would most often use. The first is that these test encourages the teachers just to “teach the test”, but he ensures that, this is exactly what the teachers should be doing.
Should schools continue to use the traditional form of punishment of suspending students? Is suspension a benefit or a disadvantage to a students learning? Is suspension the right thing to do for all students? For many years suspension has been a common punishment for bad behavior in school, though many people are starting to wonder whether suspending a student really helps them learn and grow or does it harm their learning career. This is a big debate that has just recently come into light.
Special Needs Paper Social Needs Description of the School to Prison Pipeline Unfair punishments and policies in a school setting ultimately disenfranchise minority youth of their civil rights and liberties. In the case of the “school to prison pipeline”, minority youths’ right to an education is being violated, creating a social need for developing healthy and fair discipline procedures (Porter, 2015). This social need can be addressed by properly assessing minority youth who display unacceptable behavior. Instead of using extreme punishment, such as expulsion and out of school suspensions to deflect inappropriate behavior, other methods can be set in place such as counseling sessions or after school programs geared towards encouraging appropriate behavior. The social injustice of the “school to prison pipeline” violates the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics, particularly as it relates to the core value of social justice (National Association of Social Workers, 2008).
In the article, “The Myths of Bullying,” author and public issues analyzer, John Cloud, argues that bullying and its effects have been exaggerated and the ways used to combat bullying have done more harm than good. Initially, Cloud suggests that due to the media and its coverage on certain cases, bullying has been made out to be an epidemic. However, he believes that bullying is no more of a problem than it was years ago by providing the statistic “that 37% of students don’t feel safe at school. That figure has remained stable over decades.” The author further suggests that the antibullying laws imposed by the government which require schools to acquire education for teachers and staff to distinguish bullying are costing a lot of money they
In Dudley Delvin’s “Plagiarism in America,” Delvin expresses his opinion about the growing plagiarism epidemic in America’s schools and presents a solution to correct the situation. The modern student body has begun to view plagiarism as a common practice since much of the information used is available instantaneously. Students often fail to see the issue of using another individual’s ideas as their own since the ideas are made public, allowing others to obtain the information. To solve the epidemic, Delvin proposes a solution that increases the surveillance of student work and incorporates zero tolerance policies that punish students for the use of plagiarism. Plagiarism has increased at rates proportionate to the advancements in technology.
starts his pieces by highlighting the values and good education taught at The Maya Angelou Public Charter School in Washington, D.C. Forman continues to introduce the main problem which is racial profiling by the police. He explains that racial profiling is an obstacle for the students at Maya Angelou which ethnicity is mostly blacks or African Americans. Furthermore, Forman discusses how conservatives want “color-blindness” which mean that we all should have the same rights, however, he argues that racial profiling contradicts this idea. Forman also provides sufficient evidence to show how students are being victimized by the police due to racial profiling and he shows how this victimization instead of helping the police it discourage this community from collaborating in a situation of real manner. Finally, Forman compares New York police system versus Chicago police system.
Should students have the rights to be protected against unreasonable searches? As part of a system students, primarily students of color, have been targeted for searches during school, an institution teenagers are required to take. As a result of compulsory schooling, there has been an increase of incarceration of students of color due to practices implemented by schools. Practices such as the zero tolerance policy disproportionately affect students of color. Zero tolerance describes a strict and uncompromising form of administration that penalizes any forms of offenses.
2012, p. 25). This criticism suggests the involvement of NCLB as a force perpetuating the "School to Prison Pipeline" connection. Other criticisms of NCLB include: the standardization and pressures of testing, the effort to privatize education, and its lack of effectiveness within the classroom due to the pressures of rigid federal expectations. Studies suggest that the reform did not lower drop-out rates, but put substantial pressures on schools. In Meir and Wood 's Many Children Left Behind, in Houston, Texas, where "much of the NCLB legislation is based... the district claimed a dropout rate of 1.5%" when, in fact, at one particular high school, about 25% of the students left during the 2001 - 2002 school year, and were labeled as continuing their education or going back to their home country; although, they had not claimed of doing so (Meir and Woods,
In “Turning off the School-to-Prison Pipeline,” Henry Wilson notes that the zero-tolerance policy has become a significant contributor to the raised number of young individuals being marked as a failure and eventually lead up to belonging in the justice system. Schools have become one of the biggest contributors to the raised number of young individuals being sent to prison in America. “Prisons spawn a new generation of future prisoners: there are more than two million children with at least one incarcerated parent, and these youth are five times more likely to end up in prison themselves” (49). Due to the 80’s and 90’s increased crime rate, people began to fear those in urban areas leading to the increased penalties for juvenile offenders.
Although, discriminatory discipline overtly plays a significant role in pushing youth particularly students of color out of the classrooms and into the pipeline, this shines a light on the fact that our public school system is failing our children regardless of race. While a faulty public school system can not foster students educational development nor prepare students to be responsible citizens who lead economically and socially productive lives. Therefore, stopping the bleeding of school-to-prison pipeline is merely a prelude to a much larger social justice challenge—the right to quality education that constructs the well-being for all.
In the article “Arrest in S.C. classroom renews debate over police, discipline in schools” the central idea was schools have changed how they deal with misbehavior. To begin, the author states common problems handled by teachers are now the responsibility of police. As a result, 14,000 officers have been sent to schools across the country. Another point the author made was when police handle school misbehavers, struggling students are more likely to drop out. Also, they are more likely to get in trouble with the law later.
“It was no accident that so many high school students protested the new law. They will be directly affected. Young people are often the chief targets of racial profiling. And this law will almost surely split up families. In many cases, young people who are U.S. citizens have one or both parents who are undocumented workers.