Minorities are typically at a disadvantage when taking a standardized test, because they are already at a racial, cultural, and socioeconomic disadvantage prior to the test. The resulting disparity in test scores is known as the test score gap. It can occur between men and women, the elderly and the young, whites and Asians and so on and so forth. The most notable of these, however, is the gap between whites and blacks; it is known as the black-white test score gap. Christopher Jencks, editor of the book The Black-White Test Score Gap, said, “The average black student scores below 70 to 80 percent of the white students of the same age” (The Test Score Gap).
However, the book provides a first hand look into the mind of a person questioning racism despite society’s idea of it, as well as an educational opportunity for students to briefly learn about the struggles of living in that time period. Furthermore, it surfaces a feared discussion on racism and therefore it should be read in classrooms across America. To begin, the inclusion of questioning racism in Twain’s novel serves as a record of the changes in society following the Civil War. The argumentative article, “Why Huck Finn Belongs in the Classroom,” by Jocelyn Chadwick highly praised this action. Jocelyn Chadwick stated that Twain used his writing to show that he understood that racism was wrong.
Rhetorical Analysis of “Teaching Taco Bell Canon” “New studies show that children read for leisure less as they get older, with 45% of 17-year-olds saying that they read by choice only once or twice a year” (Time). The lack of interest for reading is unfortunately true. Moreover, it is causing students to spell and pronounce words incorrectly. In this highly descriptive article, “Teaching Taco Bell Canon”, James E. Courter recounts the hilarious misspellings that students wrote in their essays. Courter’s tone, evidence, and rhetorical mode of narration supports his argument that a lack of reading may hinder a person’s ability to communicate effectively.
An example of this could be as simple as showering or using a cell phone. Shoumatoff’s passionate stance on ecological conservation lacks a necessary level of empathy for his audience, and this weakens his argument in the sense that it leaves his audience with a sense of helplessness and guilt, not a motivation to change. However, the purpose of his argument is to bring awareness to a problem that commonly goes unheard, and in this he succeeds. He effectively orchestrates an argument that compels readers to reevaluate their everyday actions and how they may adversely affect the world they live
Homework for Elementary Students Despite what most people think, the struggle of hours spent on homework does not just affect middle and high school students. Children in kindergarten through fourth grades are suffering the homework burdens also. Education trends, such as homework for young students, are cyclical, meaning the homework load has not always been so heavy. In the 1950s, the number of after school assignments increased because Americans were worried about keeping up with the Russians academically after the launch of Sputnik. A 1980s report named “A Nation at Risk” stated that American students were falling behind the global academic standard, and therefore educators assigned even more homework to children of lower grade levels (Spencer).
According to Lawrence Cremin, in “Horace Mann,” the public school system had been instituted in the mid 1600’s. However, during Mann’s own lifetime, the quality of the education system had severely degenerated. Additionally, one of Mann’s former colleagues in the Massachusetts legislature conducted a study and determined that about one third of the children in Massachusetts were attending school, Yourdictionary.com, in “Horace Mann Facts,” asserted. Also, the teachers were inadequately paid and were typically of poor quality (Yourdictionary.com). Due to the worsening education system, public reform movements began.
Poverty and its Effects on Education In the United States more than 30 million children are growing up in poverty (Do Something 2014). According to Molly (2014), the 2011 U.S. Census Bureau stated, “that the poverty line is begins with a family of four that earns less than $25,000 per year.” The effects of poverty are very serious, these children suffer way more than the children who grow up with privileges. The way schools are funded and the quality of teachers can have a major effect on the quality of learning a child may receive. Poverty not only affects a child socially, but it has mental, physical, cognitive, and linguistic affects as well. It is important to study poverty and its effects on education, because it is a part of our society every day.
Traditionally favored by private schools, uniforms are being adopted by US public schools in increasing numbers. Almost one in five US public schools required students to wear uniforms during the 2011-2012 school year, up from one in eight in 2003-2004. Mandatory uniform policies in public schools are found mostly in poverty areas, People say that school uniforms make schools safer for students, create a "level playing field" that reduces disparities, and encourage children to focus on their studies rather than their clothes. Others say school uniforms infringe upon students ' right to express them selves, have no positive effect on behavior and academic achievement, and emphasize disparities they are supposed to disguise. So what are the
In his speech, "Do Schools Kill Creativity? ", Ken Robinson (Robinson, 2006) discusses individual 's creativity and the role of education in this field. Robinson argues that the main aim of education systems is to prepare students for their careers. He continues to suggest that "we are running education systems where mistakes are the worst thing you can do". (Robinson, 2006, p.7).
44% of males and 38% of males believe it hurts their grades . 46% and 50% of females believe it helps their grades. 13% of males and 9% of females did not answer this question . The numbers are very close for the answers. The students may believe that it hurts their grades because extracurriculars take up potential study and homework time.