In fact private property appears to be the cause of alienated labour but later it appears to be a consequence(1978:79). People become so alienated in capitalism for all they ultimately seek is enough capital to survive and they would work as hard as they can to achieve this. As capitalism develops, science and technology takes over the means of production and may take over the labour, yet the worker is left with continually seeking to work to survive. The problem thus is not the need to increase production, for high production is a good thing, but the problem is that through the working system of the capitalists, individuals or workers are alienated from the capacities of being people. They lose their sense of knowing their worth and self-creativity and become enslaved to their own creation but no one or “individual” can be pinpointed for doing this compulsion, they think it is a natural process(1978:306).
He divided managerial approaches into two categories; bureaucratic (Theory Y) and autocratic (Theory X). The Theory X managerial approach adopted a negative viewpoint. It assumed staff were lazy and disliked working, it assumed they need to be corrected, controlled and directed to achieve organisation goals. It also assumed that the employees seek only material rewards and security. The Theory Y managerial approach adopts a positive viewpoint.
Marx believed this divide would happen because the workers are dependent on their wages as a means of survival where as one of the employer’s objectives is to lower wages in order to reduce costs. This clash of interests would inevitably bring on a resistance from the proletariats. “Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communist revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win” (Marx and Engels 1848) chpt, 4.
Early industrial working conditions were very poor and consisted of low wages, long hour and low safety (Ideology in History
This relates to the theme by showing the feeling of being isolated in a capitalist based economy and receiving very little benefits for hard work. It is as if Bartleby is trapped in this room and the only people he ever sees are his co-workers. He is imprisoned by a financial and economic system that forces people to act a certain way in order to fit in. This is why Bartleby is typically described as cadaverous
Thus, Guy Standing refer to the people of this class as denizens because their existence is as valuable as only when they are needed to perform the job many people reject doing themselves. Devastatingly, the individuals are living to work and not work to live as they are unable to experience the beauty and the full meaning of life but rather its roughness. They are the invisibles of our society. Therefore, here one can no longer talk about binary oppositions because this class is only facing a “real difficulty if not actual misery.” (Nickel and Dimed
They are aware that those people truly need jobs and they do everything they can to over work them. Also they over compensate the workers far less than what the product is actually sold for in America. Basically they are working for free and some of the workers lack the education realize that their human rights are being violated and
Similarly, in Gregory Hamel’s article, “Negatives of Motivating Employees With Financial Rewards,” he explains that, when offered money, employees create an “every man for himself” tone which creates inconsistency within the workplace. Negative effects of an individualized workplace include a lack of communication amongst employees; coworkers will fight over work loads because the more work that is completed, the higher their bonus is. Furthermore, the inconsistency of monetary incentives may cause people to get a large bonus one year, and a small bonus the next: this can lead to a lack in confidence in their performance at work. This supports what the Braufman’s are concluding in their writing because it shows the negative effects monetary influences inflict upon people. This is a credible source because the author, Gregory Hamel, has a Bachelor’s degree of Arts in Economics and has written 3 novels since mid-2008.
The people who take advantage of the welfare system are lazy and it 's just a way for them not to get a job. This also affects the hard working class of Americans that pay taxes that support welfare. They should keep track of what people do with the financial aid that they get from welfare to make sure it 's being used as its supposed to and not being misused.