Seldom, do groups remain together for centuries and as evident in the text, conflict is bound to happen. He appeals to logos by defining democracy when he states that governments derive their power from the consent of the governed. In a way, this defies the current situation in Great Britain and discusses the offenses Great Britain has committed. In, “…mankind are more disposed..,” he declares that humans prefer to suffer sufferable evils than to abolish those evils they are accustomed to. He expands his purpose by showing an example of human nature and that humans do not like the unknown, even if the unknown may be somewhat positive or beneficial.
Some of the main philosophers of the Enlightenment Period were Immanuel Kant, Voltaire, and David Hume. Kant played a big role in the devolvement of philosophy for his contribution in science, social behaviors, and religion. Kant expressed the contexts for understanding ethics and values which the western world integrated into their own culture and government. Voltaire was mainly an author, writing anything from plays to novels. However, he had a great interest in science which he acquired from Madame du Chậtelet, his mistress.
One his theories, stated in his book called Leviathan said that people are not able rule themselves because of how selfish mankind is and they need to be ruled by an iron fist. His political theory was that was also stated in Leviathan was that we should respect government authority under all circumstances to avoid violence. Hobbes was scared of the outcome of the social contract which meant people could get rid of the government if they were unhappy with what they were getting. In order to make well with the social contract he states in Leviathan that people should be completely obedient to the government. His reasoning was that if there was no government, there would be chaos.
Also, Montesquieu’s idea of the separation of powers helped shape the government. It was put into place to keep one branch from becoming overpowered. Without these key concepts, our government would supposedly become or stay as an absolute monarch. In conclusion, The Enlightenment greatly impacted the American Government and Revolution because the ideas and concepts that were gained from the time period supported the new beginning of our nation’s prodigious
The first way that the scientific revolution influenced American culture was through encouraging innovation. of knowledge started when many inventions across/came about; such as the telescope and microscope. Though these two marvelous machines, we have been able to discover the functions of gravity, magnetism, and other natural law. as some have said, we have seen the mysteries of God. In the field of science, Galvani discovered the connection between dead frog legs and electricity, in which he was able to make the legs twitch with a metal scalpel carrying an electrical shock.
Franklin was a scientist and philosopher. He supported natural rights and freedom. One of his works is poor Richard's almanack about him making himself successful in life. Thomas Paine represents the enlightenment because he challenged the authority and wanted the colonists to fight for independence. He wrote common sense during the american revolution.
For example, Machiavelli would see the Revolution more than likely repulsive. He did not believe in caring for the people and he took brutal actions to prove so. His experience in violent politics influenced his idea on how government should be, and he believed the correct form of government was absolute monarchy. The American Revolution showed a revolt against the leader, a government made for the people, and a shared rule of power between branches. All of these things would most likely make Machiavelli outraged and cause him to be extremely upset with the outcome of the American Revolution.
Galileo Galilei (Born February 15th, 1564 in Pisa, Italy Died January 8th, 1642) The scientific revolution was a period of time in Europe where there were many advances in science, math, and technology. This stretch of time also challenged thoughts and beliefs of countless people. During the scientific revolution there were multiple inquisitive explorers that had tremendous impact on the world. Throughout this duration of time I believe the most vital individual was Galileo Galilei. Galileo’s contributions were many and included his invention of the air thermometer, amplifying of the telescope, use of telescope to discover that the earth is not still and in fact how it revolves around the sun, and the law of falling bodies.
With all this going on in his life, he managed to move forward and later become the new chairman of mathematics in the Venetian Republic. Galileo was an amazing influence in the time of the renaissance and was considered the founder of science in physics. He helped bring up an idea about doing many experiments and observations in order to determine how things worked. He contributed to the Renaissance by helping in the creation of a new
In the world, every day is different from the previous one. Something new might be learned or observed. This pattern of continuous learnings is particularly evident in the science and medical fields. While this is still true of our world today, there was a notable peak of scientific learning in the 1800s. In addition to these scientific breakthroughs in the 1800s, there were many great cultural works created during this time, such as Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.