Science Fiction In Gulliver's Travels By Jonathan Swift

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Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift is considered as one of the most famous satires ever written in English. It is both a satire on human nature and a parody of the literary genre of traveller’s tales. The book includes four parts which narrates the story of adventurous voyage of Lemuel Gulliver to four different worlds. There are many arguments regarding the genre of the book. There are several critics who believe that it is one of the earliest forms of science fiction genre. On the other hand there are many critics who are reluctant to include it in the genre of science fiction. It is almost obvious that Gulliver’s Travels will not completely fall into the category of science fiction. But it’s a fact that it shares several major elements of science fiction which makes is almost a science fiction. One of the major elements that is common for science fiction and Gulliver’s Travels is the utopian and the dystopian outlook. With all the reasoning and logical implications science fiction prompts us to try and understand and to comprehend an alien landscape as portrayed in a book or film. Brecht coins the word ‘estrangement’ to refer to the element of science fiction that alienates us from the familiar and every day. If a science fiction text entirely deals with estrangement, a common reader will not be able to understand anything. Instead if it were filled with cognition then it will lack the element of fiction in it and will get reduced as a science documentary. According to

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