Scientific Argumentation In Science And Epistemic Knowledge

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Scientific Argumentation

Scientific argumentation refers to a complex learning practices of the individual towards science through discourse and scientific reasoning. Obviously, arguments forwarded to the audience in mind. Hence, scientific argumentation is a social process which consist of generating and criticizing arguments (Newton, Driver, & Osborne, 1999; Nussbaum, Sinatra, & Poliquin, 2008). Engaging in argumentation, at its core, is a practice of reason giving, a curious journey to understand science through scientific reasoning and critical thinking (Kind & Osborne, 2017). Such engagements in scientific discourse make student to act like a professional scientist and develop a culture to accept or reject any claim based on the inference
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Understanding and engaging in critical discussion in science needs three domain-specific competencies (PISA). These three competencies require three forms of scientific knowledge: namely content, procedural and epistemic knowledge; whereas epistemic knowledge prevails in equipping the necessary tool to understand science. In this section, I will discuss about epistemic knowledge – what it is (what I considered to be epistemic knowledge in this dissertation), why it is worth to know, how instructions in science classroom informs epistemic knowledge, and whether epistemic knowledge evolve through…show more content…
They help the scientifically literate person to observe how scientific claims are supported by data and reasoning to justify the claim. Epistemic knowledge enables us to know the role of enquiry in producing knowledge, the goal of the enquiry and the methodology of the enquiry. Without a solid foundation of epistemic knowledge, the level of confidence in scientific knowledge is severely hampered by the measurements related errors. Such knowledge empowers us to use physical systems and abstract models appropriately with due emphasis on their limitations. It also encourages group efforts and critical investigation of the natural world through scientific argumentation and reasoning. Peer review makes scientific claims to pass under scrutiny and, as a result, helps to root confidence in the claim. In general, epistemic knowledge is key to determining the role of scientific knowledge in identifying and addressing societal and technological

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