The Space Race refers to the 20th century competition for dominance of space flight capability during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States. They both sought to prove their superiority in its technology, military power, and extensively their political-economic systems. Between 1957 and 1975, space programs were established and man was sending satellites and their own people into space. The Space Race impacted both countries and paved the way for current technologies used today. On October 1, 1957, the Soviet Union launched its first satellite.
government actions during the beginning of the space race was the establishment of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). A few short months after Sputnik the U.S. attempted to launch its own Vanguard satellite. The rocket lifted off the pad at Cape Canaveral, FL and blew up shortly after. It was clear that the U.S. needed a more organized approach to winning the race against Russia. Therefore, President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act in 1958, which established NASA as America’s leading entity in in space utilization.
This scientific study will analyze the first moon landing by NASA in the Apollo 11 space mission from July 16th to July 20th in 1969. The launching of the Apollo II program was the first designated landing of a space vehicle in the history of the human race. Under the leadership of Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Buzz Aldrin, the Apollo 11 mission defined one of the most important acheivements of early astronuatics in the Apollo space program. The initial stage of the mission involved being launched from the Kennedy Space Center by a Saturn V rocket. This rocket had three major parts involved in the space mission, which included a command module, service module, and lunar module that carried the three astronauts into space after the launch.
On September 12, 1962; John F Kennedy gathered the nation at Rice stadium in Houston Texas to give a speech about the Space Race. The speech was so inspiring that Americans wanted to practically go in space right there and then. The mission to land a man on the moon was called Apollo 11. The soviets got off to a much better start than the Americans did. In 1957 the soviets launched the first ever satellite in space called “Sputnick”.
They studied the surface and collected rocks, and after a day, they left and docked with Collins while he was in orbit then all three flew back. He was known as a worldwide hero for being the first person to walk on the moon. In 1978 Armstrong received presidential Medal of Freedom, and in 2009 he received congressional gold medal and the collier trophy. (Smith, John M, and Tim Cawkwell, the World Encyclopedia of the Film) Neil Armstrong’s impact on society was big because he was the
96). This was because the Soviets had located themselves perfectly to where, if the Axis powers were to attack, they would have been clearly visible. Because of this and other factors, Hitler kept putting off the attack, giving Russia a large lead in the battle. With the next coming chapters, the wars continue to grow more violent. Bombing tactics started to become more popular, and Overy even stated that Ally leaders felt that “strategic bombing as a way of conducting war was here to stay” (pg.
Rhetorical Analysis on JFK Gone to the Moon Speech The Gone to the Moon Speech was written by John F. Kennedy and announced on the day of May 25, 1961. The speech was given the title Gone to the Moon because Kennedy wanted the first man to be sent to the moon and surface the moon in achievement. It was the foundational standpoint for technology to advance. JFK uses logos, ethos, and pathos to relay his statement in a unique way to connect with the audience. It was the “official” start of the era of new technology.
The NASA Moon Landing Conspiracy The conspiracy of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, better known as NASA, Moon Landing has been around for decades. Ever since this event occurred in 1969, there has been speculation. The world watched the live T.V broadcast in awe as Neil Armstrong became the first man to set foot on the surface of the Moon. People brought the belief of film making to the landing, the pictures sent back from Apollo 11 were found unruly, and when the crew returned to Earth their reactions to the skeptics were validated with their hesitant responses to the events. The future of space exploration will have forever changed from this moment on.
On April 11, 1970, the Apollo 13 mission broke the mold of space exploration programs. Three men, one spacecraft, and a Mission Control crew set off for what was supposed to be an exploration and experimentation of rocks found on the moon. This mission became one of the most miraculous events in history. The Apollo 13 is significant to exploration, encounter and exchange in history in that it set the foundation for the space program's growth and further development. The spacecraft’s crew encountered many obstacles during the mission leading NASA to take stronger precautions for future missions.
Lunar exploration began when the Soviets’ Luna flew by the moon in 1959. Soon after, Pioneer 4, sent by NASA, passed by the moon. The Ranger, Surveyor, and Lunar Orbiter missions were sent by NASA soon after that to photograph the surface of the
The beginning of the Space Race began with the Soviet Union’s successful launch of Sputnik in October of 1957. Shortly after in 1961, President John F. Kennedy gave his famous space exploration speech to Congress. In it, he asked for more resources so that the United States could send a man to the moon and bring him back to Earth safely before the decade was out. With the Soviet Union being the first initially in every major milestone, the United States knew it needed to respond quickly. President Kennedy’s speech to Congress kicked off one of the most expensive and ambitious adventures this country has ever done.
An astronaut named Yuri Gagarin was launched in space, known as the first man outside the Earth’s orbit in the spacecraft Vostok I. These incidents hurt the pride and ego that caused the American’s to take a step at such drastic measures even though they faced many failures in the space race. The events in the space race still continue… After this incident years went by and finally the day arrived where America will take the upper hand. Apollo 11 was launched into space in July 20th, 1965. The space craft was named The Eagle.
In a political sense the arms race would prove which country was stronger, due to their production of nuclear warheads. The more powerful country would have the greater sphere of influence and control economic and military decisions with ease. The Cold War had been greatly impacted due to the creation of the Soviet hydrogen bomb due to the U.S. being at a disadvantage because they were not able to build nuclear weapons as quickly as the Soviets. However most importantly the nuclear arms race was at the pinnacle of a nuclear warfare between the competing nations. This conflict did almost lead to attacks on either
Causes of WWI The first world war was not caused by any specific event whose nature can be pinpointed and avoided. Instead, an interrelating network of many things led to an environment which caused aggression and allowed it to grow into the tragedy of World War I. At the time, each country’s intense nationalism created an aggressive setting and an underlying desire to go to war and destroy other countries in order to be the best. Militarism and the arms race, fueled by this competition, gave countries the means for mass devastation. In addition, huge alliances with a mixture of smaller and bigger countries had the potential to involve the world’s strongest military powers in a small dispute between obscure countries.
"But it is hard to imagine how the U.S. government could have prevented a Communist victory short of getting involved in a massive military intervention, which would have been risky, unpopular, and expensive"(Tindall 964). "The discovery of the Soviet bomb in 1949 triggered an intense reappraisal of the strategic balance of power in the world, causing Truman in 1950 to order the construction of a hydrogen bomb, a weapon far more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Japan, lest the Soviets make one first"(Tindall 964). The onset of the cold war the ideology drove more of the Soviet behavior. "American 's traditional commitment to democtatic capitalism, political self determination, and religious freedom conflicted with the Soviet Union 's preference for spheres of influence on its periphery, totalitarianism at home, and state mandated atheism"(Tindall 970). Kennan stressed that U.S. needed to be responses to the Soviet adventurism.