The Enlightenment made the world become more free because of the ideas that were spread during the time period. The Scientific Revolution was a period of time where philosophers such as Galileo and Isaac Newton proved that the church was not always right, and they proved this with science. The people began to question the church, and their power over the people. Philosophers such as Locke, suggested that all people were born equal, and that the citizens can improve, and overthrow the government if they don’t agree with its actions. The enlightenment philosophers were one of the first to suggest a world where the people had control over the place where they were living.
In the Age of Reason, also known as the Enlightenment period, times were changing. Originally, people’s perception of life was based on religion. Religion had answers to things such as why you were sick, or why you were poor. This time occurred in the 17th century when certain scientist, philosophers, and writers decided that there were other reasons besides religion on why things happened. Many believed that all life could be explained by scientific views rather than religion.
During the 16th and 17th centuries the Scientific Revolution flourished. While it gained many supporters it had it’s fair share of opponents. Religious controversy, especially with the Catholic Church, hindered the work of scientists by creating barriers to stop the spread of scientific ideas. But many leaders, such as King Louis XIV, supported science for their own political purposes, helping in its advance. Although there was widespread support for science, the norms of society crippled the strength and effectiveness of those who hoped to further and embrace scientific ideas.
Powerful spiritual renewal and heresy arose from the chaotic scene of bloodshed, the fierce intellectual controversies played an important role in religious freedom. The Reformation had brought individual thinkers to develop the principle that no one should be persecuted for his or her religion. Sebastian Castellio was one of the very first humanists who stood on this principle and describes that the world is entangled in the questions of religion. As indicated on Document 8, he does not agree with doctrine punishment for those who denied faith to Christianity. He believed that a person’s conscience should not be subject to power and suppressed by the civil authorities.
By 1517, Luther penned a document calling out the Catholic Church for its corruption through indulgences. His "Ninety-Five Theses" proposed two ideas: that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans can only reach salvation through faith, not deeds. These ideas were not new but Luther used the unrest of the times to grab a foothold for his opinions. "Luther is the swinging door" of the Reformation. His writings and sermons changed religious and cultural history of
The Protestant Reformation was a religious, political, and intellectual upheaval that attacked the Catholic Church. Protestantism leaned toward a more personal relationship with God rather than the communal worship the Catholic Church emphasized. It also deemphasized the power of the Pope and religious authorities. As Protestantism grew, the Catholic Reformation began. The Catholic Church tried to regain control of the populace by tightening clerical discipline and establishing the Council of Trent, which helped the organization of the Catholic Church by releasing doctrines and statements, which declared what was deemed
He questioned, if the Bible is sufficient or do we have to bring in every so called social science and cultural study in order to know how to run a church? In my opinion, I think that the Bible is sufficient and I also do believe that he is correct about the fact that many churches turn to social experts when they cannot figure out something, which causes many problems. In summary, the churches should not rely on the spiritually dead, but rather on the Word of God that’s been proven time and time again to be sufficient. An ignorance of God, is the second indictment that Paul Washer explains. He used his past story to share an example of what he meant about the subject.
Towards the end of the era people started to question Christianity and this was due to science and the push of industrial revolution (BBC Primary History- victorian England). This period was responsible for the loss of authority religion had. Charles Darwin ,a naturalist, had proposed a theory that god was created equal just like everyone else and was not a seperate creature like common belief. Darwin shocked many people and challenged old beliefs that had been passed on for generations. Despite the setback in religion during this time , many priests and missionaries keep the religion alive by writing books and spreading religion(Lang Sean 301).
He used to oppose many teachings and sayings of the Roman Catholic Church. His “95 Theses,” which was based on two central beliefs that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deeds was to spark the Protestant Reformation. Although these ideas had been presented before, Martin Luther codified them at a moment in history ripe for religious reformation. The Catholic Church was ever after divided, and the Protestantism that soon emerged was shaped by Luther’s ideas. His writings changed the course of religious and cultural history in the West.
During St. Augustine’s time, his political and social views had a lasting effect on the way that the world viewed religion and society. Although, the Augustinian worldview eventually ran its course, and made way for a different way of thinking. Whilst Augustinian worldview was based on St. Augustine’s beliefs in Christianity, the worldviews that took over were more so based in science. The Augustinian worldview died out due in part to the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution in the mid 1500-1600’s. The Protestant Reformation began in the 1500’s and lasted on into the 1600’s.
The Act of Uniformity mandated the attendance of religion in the nation and created punishments for failure to appear loyal to the Anglican church. The move is not surprising considering the tumultuous state that England had been under from the previous rulers: Mary, Edward, and Henry VIII that all sought to create new religions. However, rather