Scientific Revolution During The Elizabethan Era

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“The Elizabethan Period was the age of the Renaissance, of new ideas and new thinking” (Alchin). It was a time of many advances in a large variety of fields. Some of the most notorious advances during this time were in the field of science. Overall, the most well-known revolutions in science of the Elizabethan Era are attributed to the Scientific Revolution, which brought about many changes, especially in astronomy, physics, and mathematics, and innovations, which had a strong impact on the way of life during this time. The Scientific Revolution “refers to historical changes in thought & belief, to changes in social & institutional organization, that unfolded in Europe between roughly 1550-1700” (Hatch). This revolution was a time to replace older Ancient Greek and Roman ideas, and bring about new ideas and discoveries. Some of the first changes made were in astronomy. Nicolaus Copernicus, who is known as “the founder of modern astronomy” (Alchin), had a large influence in the changes made in astronomy due to the fact that he developed the Copernican theory, better known as the heliocentric theory. This theory brings about the idea that the earth is not the center of our universe, but it is one of the multiple plants that revolves around the sun. “The gradual acceptance of the Copernican theory despite theological opposition was one hallmark of the Scientific Revolution” (Reill & Wilson). He also concluded that the earth turns on an axis, which then revolves around the sun.

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