Scope Of Biological Psychology

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Psychology has now developed into a discipline that extends and concerned with understanding the behavior and mental processes from multiple perspectives. As the name suggest, biological psychology is a branch of science that tries to explain behavior in terms of biology, and because the most important structures controlling the behavior of the brain, Biopsychology is the study of the brain and how it produces behavioral and mental processes. Implicit in this definition is the assumption that every mental process, feeling and action must have a physical or neural basis in the brain. This is much the same as saying that the mind is the product of the brain’s electrical and neurochemical activity. Although there are philosophical grounds for…show more content…
In fact, any attempt to do so requires a very good understanding of the biology of the brain. Traditionally, the two disciplines most relevant to the biological psychologist have been neuroanatomy (the study of neural architecture of various brain regions together with mapping the route that connects them) and neurophysiology (the study of how neurons generate action potentials and neural information). However, in the last few decades the study of brain function has grown rapidly and attracted experts from many other fields, including biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics, pharmacology, and computer technology. Not all scientists working in this field should be interested in behavior, although their findings may sometimes be of interest to those working in the field of biological psychology. Thus, in recent years, psychologists interested in brain had been acquainted with many other areas of biological science that lies outside the traditional domain of anatomy, physiology and…show more content…
These may be misleading. For most of the twentieth century , the study of brain and behavior is called physiological psychology because investigators often use the technique of ' physiology ' as lesioning ( removal of various parts of the brain ) and stimulus, both electricity and chemistry , as their primary means of experiments. This approach is often complemented by examining the human subjects who have suffered brain damage due to accidents, strokes , and others. These areas are known as clinical neuropsychology. Although the term is still used, there is a growing acceptance that they did not quite cover many disciplines and newer techniques are being used to study the brain. Because of this, others have argued for broader terms such as ‘biological psychology’ or ‘behavioral neuroscience’ to describe modern day research (Davis et al. 1988; Dewsbury 1991). Whatever the arguments for and against these conditions, they mean roughly the same thing, they are trying to give an appropriate name for a scientific discipline that tries to link the biology of the brain and
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